Pieris canidia canidia  (Linnaeus, 1768)

Pieris canidia canidia ♂ Up. Pieris canidia canidia ♂ Un. Pieris canidia canidia ♀ Up. Pieris canidia canidia ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Nan, Thailand.
Pieris canidia canidia ♂ Up. Pieris canidia canidia ♂ Un. Pieris canidia canidia ♀ Up. Pieris canidia canidia ♀ Un.
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♀, Nan, Thailand.

ON : Papilio canidia Linnaeus, 1768
OD : Amoen. Acad. 7:504 nota.
TL : China.
Distribution : Pamir, Tibet, Myanmar, Thailand,
Laos, Vietnam, Hainan, China, Taiwan, Singapore.
Pieris canidia canidia map

Synonyms

Pieris glaphyra Godart, 1819 : in Ency. meth. 9(Ins.)(2):160. TL. Chine.
Synchloe sordida Butler, 1877 : Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4)19:96. TL. Shanghai.
Synchloe claripennis Butler, 1877 : Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4)19:96. TL. Shanghai.
Pieris melete f.malayica Martin, 1909 : Ent. Zeit. 23(36):161. TL. Singapore.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Pieris canidia ; Godfrey,1916 : 114. (Prae)
Pieris canidia ; Godfrey,1927 : 120. (N)
Pieris canidia ; Godfrey,1930 : 224. (Prae: Me Song forest; Chiang Rai)
Artogeia canidia indica ; Pinratana,1983 : 13, pl.11, figs.19,♂,♀. (Chiang Mai; Prae; Loei)
Pieris canidia indica ; Katsuyama et al.,2005 : 65, fig.49,♀. (Umphang)
Pieris canidia indica ; Katsuyama et al.,2006 : 46, fig.34,♂. (Nan: Ban Nam Poon; Nan)
Artogeia canidia canidia ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 142, pl.43, figs.Pi20,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Wiang Pa Pao; Wang Chin)
Pieris canidia canidia ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 161, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Pha Hom Pok; Doi Ankaan; Doi Chiang Dao; Chiang Dao; Doi Suthep; Doi Inthanon; Phu Kradung; Doi Musso)
Artogeia canidia canidia ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 142, pl.43, figs.Pi20,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Wiang Pa Pao; Wang Chin)
Artogeia canidia canidia ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Chiang Mai) (accessed: 2022.10.03)

[ LAOS ]
Pieris canidia indica ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 49, pl.17, figs.7,♂,8,♂(Un) ; pl.18, figs.1,♀,2,♀(Un). (Luang Prabang; Tha Ngone; Nam Po; Nam Khane; Nam Moh; Nam Ngum Dam; Tha Dua)
Artogeia canidia indica ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 202, pl.32, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀. (Lak Sao; Vang Vieng; Oudomxay)
Artogeia canidia indica ; Onodera,2009b : 34-35. (Vientiane: Namsong Riverside)
Pieris canidia canidia ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 42.
Pieris canidia canidia ; Onodera,2022 : pl.61, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un), text:14. (Bolikhamxai)

[ VIETNAM ]
Ganoris canidia ; Joannis,1901 : 331. (Tonkin: Cao Bang)
Pieris canidia ; Lemee,1950 : 5. (Hagiang; Langson)
Pieris canidia ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 218. (Tonkin)
Pieris canidia canidia f.claripennis ; Metaye,1957 : 85. (N / C / S)
Pieris canidia canidia f.gliciria ; Metaye,1957 : 85. (N / C / S)
Pieris canidia canidia f.sordida ; Metaye,1957 : 85. (N / C / S)
Pieris canidia canidia ; Ikeda et al.,1998 : 23, figs.8:19,♂,20,♀,11:45(♂genitalia). (Cuc Phuong)
Pieris canidia ; Luong et al.,2004 : 2, 31, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Pieris canidia ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 38. (Thua Thien Hue: A Luoi; Huong Thuy; Bach Ma)
Artogeia canidia canidia ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006 : 11, figs.Pi-7,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Bao Loc)
Pieris canidia canidia ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 16. (N / C)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Chiang Rai : 3♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 12♂ 5♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lampang : 3♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 5♂ 3♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 7♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Xieng Khouang : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Ninh Binh : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lam Dong : 2♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally very common in fields of field mustard at low to high elevations (Alt. 300 - 1600m). Both sexes visit flowers, and males occasionally come to the banks of streams and puddles to suck water.
This species was found in Betong District, Yala Province in 2015. Its habitat is fields of field mustard in a botanical garden for tourists, and it is thought to have been artificially introduced together with its food plants.


Literature

Linnaeus, C.,1768 : in Sparrman, Iter in Chinam quod praeside D. D. Car. v. Linné
Amoen. Acad. 7:497-506.

Godart, J.B.,1818-1824 : in Latreille & Godart, Encyclopedie methodique.
Histoire naturelle des insectes. volume 9. Paris : 828pp.

Butler, A.G.,1877 : On Rhopalocera from Japan and Shanghai, with Descriptions of new Species.
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4)19:91-97.

Martin, L.,1909 : Eine paläarkt. Pieride unter dem Aequator
Ent. Zeit. 23(36):161.


Pieris canidia canidia ♂ Pieris canidia canidia ♂
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♂, Yala, Thailand.

1996.10.31 - 2022.10.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.