Graphium xenocles lindos  (Fruhstorfer, 1902)

Graphium xenocles lindos ♂ Up. Graphium xenocles lindos ♂ Un. Graphium xenocles lindos ♀ Up. Graphium xenocles lindos ♀ Un.
♂, Trat, Thailand. ♀, Lam Dong, Vietnam. (Photo by K.Saito)
Graphium xenocles lindos ♂ Up. Graphium xenocles lindos ♂ Un. Graphium xenocles lindos ♂ Up. Graphium xenocles lindos ♂ Un.
♂, Cham Pasak, Laos. ♂, Chanthaburi, Thailand.
Graphium xenocles lindos ♂ Up. Graphium xenocles lindos ♂ Un. Graphium xenocles lindos ♂ Up. Graphium xenocles lindos ♂ Un.
♂, Phetchabun, Thailand. ♂, Phetchabun, Thailand.
Graphium xenocles lindos ♂ Up. Graphium xenocles lindos ♂ Un. Graphium xenocles lindos ♂ Up. Graphium xenocles lindos ♂ Un.
♂, Phrae, Thailand. ♂, Phetchabun, Thailand.

ON : Papilio xenocles lindos Fruhstorfer, 1902
OD : Soc. ent. 16(19):145-146.
TL : Muok-Lek, Siam.
Distribution : C. to E.Thailand, C. to S.Laos, Cambodia,
C. & S.Vietnam.
● ssp.kephisos
transition zone of kephisos and lindos
ssp.lindos
Graphium xenocles lindos Map

Synonym

Graphium xenocles nhungii Boy, [2006] : Galathea 22:19. (nom. nud.)


Type Material Information

♂, Type (red), #149414, Januar. Muok-Lek, Siam. H.Fruhstorfer (NHML, examined)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Papilio xenocles lindos f.temp.lindos ; Fruhstorfer,1903 : 227-229. (Siam)
Papilio xenocles lindos ; Jordan,1909 : 105. (Siam)
Papilio xenocles lindos ; Godfrey,1930 : 219. (Muak Lek; Pak Jong)
Graphium xenocles lindos ; Pinratana,1977 : 61, fig.P51b♂. (Chanthaburi)
Graphium xenocles kephisos ; Pinratana & Eliot,1992 : 34,45. (Chaiyaphum; Chanthaburi; Nakhon Nayok; Nakhon Ratchasima)
Graphium xenocles kephisos ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 135. (Thung Saleng Luang) (in part)
Graphium xenocles lindos ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 135, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un). (Phu Khiewo; Khao Yai; Sarika; Nakohn Nayork; Wan Nam Khiewo; Kao Soi Dao; Pliewn WF; Khao Khiewo;) (in part)
Graphium xenocles lindos ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Khon Kaen; Phetchabun; Udon Thani; Chonburi) (accessed: 2022.09.02)

[ LAOS ]
Papilio xenocles f.xenocles ; Dubois & Vitalis,1914 : 151. (Laos)
Papilio xenocles f.xenocles ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 16. (Laos)
Graphium xenocles kephisos ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 48, pl.13, figs.3,♂,4,♂(Un),5,♀,6,♀(Un). (Vang Vieng; Tha Ngone)
Graphium xenocles kephisos ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 201, pl.25, figs.♂,♂,♀. (Thabok; Phong Saly; Oudomxay)
Graphium xenocles lindos ; Cotton & Racheli,[2007] : 304-307. (Thabok; Hinboun; Lak Sao)
Graphium xenocles lindos ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 41.
Graphium xenocles lindos ; Onodera,2022 : pl.50, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un), text:10. (Bolikhamxai)

[ CAMBODIA ]
Graphium xenocles kephisos ; Woodfield & Murton,2006 : figs.♂,♂(Un). (Botum Sakor NP.)
Graphium xenocles lindos ; Monastyrskii et al.,2011 : 128. (Phnom Samkos W.S.)

[ VIETNAM ]
Papilio xenocles f.xenocles ; Dubois & Vitalis,1914 : 151. (Annam)
Papilio xenocles f.xenocles ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 16. (Annam)
Papilio xenocles xenocles ; Metaye,1957 : 84. (S)
Graphium xenocles kephisos ; Shinkai,1999 : 61. (S: Bao Lac)
Graphium xenocles lindos ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006 : 10, fig.Pa-27,♂. (Bin Thuan: Dong Tien)
Graphium xenocles lindos ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2007c : 36, figs.Pa-27,♀,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri; Dong Nai: Thac Mai)
Graphium xenocles lindos ; Monastyrskii,2007 : 89-90, pl.28, fig.2b♂. (S: La Nga; Cat Tien; Binh Tuy)
Graphium xenocles lindos ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 14. (C: Lam Dong; Dak Lak; Khanh Hoa)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Phetchabun : 8♂ (incl.photo by S.Sophonviwatkul).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chaiyaphum : 5♂ (photo and photo by T.Aoyama).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chonburi: 1♂ (photo by S.Sophonviwatkul).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 15♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Trat : 2♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Bolikhamxai : 41♂ 3♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Vientiane : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Khammouan : 13♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Champasak : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Lam Dong : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally common in montane forest at low to moderate elevations (alt. 20m - 900m). Males frequently come to the banks of streams and puddles to suck water. Females are polymorphic. Both sexes mimicking Danainae species, such as Parantica aglea, Parantica melaneus or some kind of Euploea species. They look similar to the model in flight.
The boundary between ssp.kephisos and ssp.lindos seems to be a transition zone containing intermediate individuals. The ratio of both subspecies and their variation depends on the locality. For instance, in N.Thailand, Phrae Province, the population is mostly ssp.lindos, but occasionally intermediate individuals are found. On the other hand, in western part of Chiang Mai, it is mostly ssp.kephisos, with occasional intermediate individuals. Furthermore, in Lak Sao, E.Laos, both subspecies are found almost equally. Further taxonomic study and distributional research are needed.


Literature

Fruhstorfer, H.,1902 : P. xenocles kephisos nov. subspec. P. xenocles lindos nov. subspec.
Soc. ent. 16(19):145-146.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1903 : Verzeichnis der in Tonkin, Annam und Siam gesammelten Papilioniden und Besprechung verwandter Formen.
Berl. ent. Z. 47:167-234.

Jordan, K.,1909 : Die Indo-Australische Tagfalter. Papilionidae in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde
9:105-112.

Boy, P.,2006 : Beobachtungen auffalliger Tagfalter (Lep. Papilionidae) im Khao Yai Nationalpark / Thailand. 3. Teil: Leptocerini - Gattungen Graphium und Lamproptera
Galathea 22:17-25.


Graphium xenocles lindos ♂ Graphium xenocles lindos ♂
♂, Chaiyaphum, Thailand. (photo by T.Aoyama) ♂, Chonburi, Thailand. (photo by S.Sophonviwatkul)
Graphium xenocles lindos ♂ Graphium xenocles lindos ♂
♂, Phetchabun, Thailand. (photo by S.Sophonviwatkul) ♂ with Graphium spp. etc, Phetchabun, Thailand.

1996.10.08 - 2022.09.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.