Graphium macareus burmensis  Moonen, 1984

Graphium macareus burmensis ♂ Up. Graphium macareus burmensis ♂ Un. Graphium macareus burmensis ♀ Up. Graphium macareus burmensis ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Graphium macareus burmensis ♂ Up. Graphium macareus burmensis ♂ Un. Graphium macareus burmensis ♀ Up. Graphium macareus burmensis ♀ Un.
♂, Mae Hong Son, Thailand. ♀, Mae Hong Son, Thailand.
Graphium macareus burmensis ♂ Up. Graphium macareus burmensis ♂ Up. Graphium macareus burmensis ♂ ab. Up. Graphium macareus burmensis ♀ Up.
♂, Mae Hong Son, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂ ab, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Mae Hong Son, Thailand.

Specimens from transition zone of ssp.burmensis and ssp.indochinensis
Graphium macareus burmensis ♂ Up. Graphium macareus burmensis ♂ Un. Graphium macareus burmensis ♂ Up. Graphium macareus burmensis ♂ Un.
♂, Phrae, Thailand. ♂, Phrae, Thailand. (photo by A.M.Cotton)
Graphium macareus burmensis ♂ Up. Graphium macareus burmensis ♂ Un. Graphium macareus burmensis ♂ Up. Graphium macareus burmensis ♂ Un.
♂, Tak, Thailand. (photo by A.M.Cotton) ♂, Tak, Thailand.

ON : Graphium macareus burmensis Moonen, 1984
OD : Papilio International. 1(3):47.
TL : Burma.
Distribution : Myanmar, N.W.Thailand.
ssp.burmensis
transition zone of burmensis and indochinensis
● ssp.indochinensis
ssp.perakensis
Graphium macareus burmensis Map

Synonym

Papilio macareus gyndes Jordan, 1909 : in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 9:104. TL. Burma. (homonym)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Papilio macareus indicus ; Davidson & Macbeth,1938 : 70. (Lampoon: Me Haht Forest)
Graphium macareus indicus ; Pinratana,1977 : 60, figs.P50a♂,♂(Un). (N)
'Paranticopsis macareus indochinensis ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : pl.28, fig.P57b♂. (in part)'
Graphium macareus burmensis ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 134, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Dao)
'Graphium macareus indochinensis ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : pl.28, figs.P54b♂. (in part)'


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 7♂ 3♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 16♂ 1♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

-------------------------------------------------------
Phrae : 18♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 3♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is common in montane forest at low to moderate elevations (alt.150m - 600m). Males frequently come to the banks of streams and puddles to suck water.
Females are polymorphic, with male-like form mimicking Parantica aglea (Danainae) and black form mimicking Euploea species (Danainae). They look similar to the model in flight.
The boundary areas between ssp.burmensis and ssp.indochinensis, such as Phrae, N.Thailand and Tak, W.Thailand, seem to be the transition zone containing intermediate individuals.


Literature

Jordan, K.,1909 : Die Indo-Australische Tagfalter. Papilionidae in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde
9:97-104.

Moonen, J.J.M.,1984 : Notes on eastern Papilionidae.
Papilio International 1(3):47 -50.


Graphium macareus burmensis ♂ Graphium macareus burmensis ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Graphium macareus burmensis ♂ Graphium macareus burmensis ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂ (left) with Chilasa agestor, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Graphium macareus burmensis ♂
♂ (left) with Graphium xenocles, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

1996.10.08 - 2022.09.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.