Graphium antiphates nebulosus  (Butler, 1881)

Graphium antiphates nebulosus ♂ Up. Graphium antiphates nebulosus ♂ Un. Graphium antiphates nebulosus ♀ Up. Graphium antiphates nebulosus ♀ Un.
♂, Vientiane, Laos. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Graphium antiphates nebulosus ♂ Up. Graphium antiphates nebulosus ♂ Un. Graphium antiphates nebulosus ♀ Up. Graphium antiphates nebulosus ♀ Un.
♂, Trat, Thailand. ♀, Trat, Thailand.
Graphium antiphates nebulosus ♂ Up. Graphium antiphates nebulosus ♂ Up. Graphium antiphates nebulosus ♀ Up. Graphium antiphates nebulosus ♀ Up.
♂, Nan, Thailand. ♂, Mae Hong Son, Thailand.
(photo by A.M.Cotton)
♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
(photo by A.M.Cotton)
♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
(photo by A.M.Cotton)
Graphium antiphates nebulosus ♂ Up. Graphium antiphates nebulosus ♀ Up. Graphium antiphates nebulosus ♂ genitalia Graphium antiphates nebulosus ♂ genitalia
♂, Lao Cai, Vietnam.
(photo by A.M.Cotton)
♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
(photo by A.M.Cotton)
♂ genitalia, Bolikhamxai, Laos.

ON : Papilio nebulosus Butler,1881
OD : Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5)7:33, pl.4, fig.3.
TL : Darjiling. (♂, NHML)
Distribution : Nepal, India to Myanmar, Thailand,
Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, China.
● ssp.nebulosus
ssp.antiphates
transition zone of nebulosus and alcibiades
ssp.alcibiades
ssp.toshikazui
Graphium antiphates nebulosus Map

Synonym

Papilio antiphates continentalis Eimar, 1889 : Artb. Verwandtsch. Schmett. 1:137, pl.2, fig.1,u.3. TL. Sikkim.


Type Material Information

nebulosus ; Type, ♂, Rh.11086, Darjiling. (NHML, examined)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Papilio antiphates pompilius ; Fruhstorfer,1903 : 194-199. (M.Siam)
Papilio antiphates pompilius ; Jordan,1909 : 89. (Siam)
Papilio antiphates pompilius ; Godfrey,1916 : 111. (Phetchaburi River)
Papilio antiphates pompilius ; Godfrey,1927 : 120. (N)
Papilio antiphates pompilius ; Godfrey,1930 : 216. (all over)
Graphium antiphates pompilius ; Pinratana,1977 : 54, figs.P41a♂,♂(Un). (except P)
Graphium antiphates pompilius ; Pinratana & Eliot,1992 : 33,45, pl.58, figs.48a♂,♀. (Chiang Mai; Nakhon Nayok; Bangkok)
Graphium antiphates pompilius ; Nishimura,1996a : 45-47, figs.19,♂,20,♂,21,♂,22,♂,23,♂,24,♂. (Nan: Bao Klua; Doi Phu Kha; Chiang Mai: Chiang Dao; Chiang Rai: Wiang Pa Pao; Phitsanulok: Namtok Chat Trakan; Tak: Umphang; Mukdahan: Phu Lan Chang; Chanthaburi: Khao Soi Dao; Trat: Ko Chan)
Graphium antiphates pompilius ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 16, fig.38,♂. (Mukdahan: Ban Lao Kram; Phu Huay Sing; Nam Tok Kham Cha I; Ban Na Lak; Ban Gok Tum; Ubon Ratchathani: Kaeng Tana)
Pathysa antiphates pompilius ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 112, pl.28, figs.P56a♂,♀. (Chanthaburi)
Graphium antiphates pompilius ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 133, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Dao; Phu Khiewo; Sarika; Nakohn Nayork; Khao Yai; Wan Nam Khiewo; Kao Soi Dao; Pliewn WF; Kratchin WF; Khao Khiewo; Khao Phoong; Thung Yai; Khlong Tariew; Sai York Noi; Kaeng Krachan)
Graphium antiphates pompilius ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 112, pl.28, figs.P53,♂(Upper row),♀(Upper row). (Chanthaburi) (in part)
Graphium antiphates pompilius ; Okamoto et al.,2013 : 6. (Kanchanaburi: Mae Klong Station)
Arisbe antiphates alcibiades ; Page,2020 : 189-190, figs.4e(Bangkok),4f(Pang Yao),4g(Phrae),4h(Chiang Mai). (Thailand)
Graphium antiphates nebulosus ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2022- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs., Early Stages. (Sa Kaeo; Nakhon Nayok) (accessed: 2022.08.02)

[ LAOS ]
Graphium antiphates pompilius ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 48, col.pl.11,♂ ; pl.12, figs.1,♂,2,♂(Un),3,♀,4,♀(Un). (Tha Ngone; Pakse; Nam Ngum Dam; Tha Dua)
Graphium antiphates pompilius ; Nishimura,1996a : 45-47. (Houa Phan: Sam Neua; Vieng Chan: Vang Vieng)
Graphium antiphates pompilius ;Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 201, pl.23, figs.♂,♀. (Phong Saly)
Graphium antiphates pompilius ; Cotton & Racheli,[2007] : 298-300. (everywhere)
Graphium antiphates pompilius ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 41.
Arisbe antiphates alcibiades ; Page,2020 : 189-190. (Laos)

[ CAMBODIA ]
Graphium antiphates pompilius ; Woodfield & Murton,2006 : figs.♂,♂(Un). (Botum Sakor NP.)
Graphium antiphates ; Onodera,2007 : 24, fig.8,♂. (Rattanakiri: Ou Chum)
Graphium antiphates ; Onodera,2008 : 57. (Mondolkiri: Bousra)
Graphium antiphates ; Onodera,2009 : 40. (Siem Reap: Phnum Kulen)
Arisbe antiphates alcibiades ; Page,2020 : 189-190. (Cambodia)

[ VIETNAM ]
Papilio antiphates pompilius ; Fruhstorfer,1903 : 194-199. (S.Annam: Xom-Gom)
Papilio antiphates pompilius ; Jordan,1909 : 89. (Annam)
Papilio antiphates antiphates ; Metaye,1957 : 83. (C / S) (in part)
Papilio antiphates pompilius ; Metaye,1957 : 83. (N / C / S)
Papilio antiphates itamputi ; Metaye,1957 : 83. (N)
Graphium antiphates pompilius ; Nishimura,1996a : 45-47. (Ninh Binh: Cuc Phuong / Khanh Hoa: Nha Trang / Lam Dong: Bao Loc)
Graphium antiphates pompilius ; Ikeda et al.,1998 : 17, figs.5:7,♂,8,♂(Un), 9:18(♂genitalia). (Cuc Phuong)
Graphium antiphates pompilius ; Shinkai,1999 : 60. (N: Tam Dao / S: Bao Lac)
Graphium antiphates ; Vu,2003 : 56. (Phu Quoc)
Graphium antiphates antiphates ; Luong et al.,2004 : 2, 29, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Graphium antiphates ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 38. (Thua Thien Hue: Nam Dong; A Luoi; Huong Thuy; Phong Dien; Bach Ma)
Graphium antiphates pompilius ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006 : 10, fig.Pa-25,♂. (Lam Dong: Dambri; Dong Nai: Thac Mai)
Graphium antiphates pompilius ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2007c : 36, fig.Pa-25,♀. (Dong Nai: Thac Mai)
Graphium antiphates antiphates ; Monastyrskii,2007 : 92-93, pl.29, fig.2a♂,2b♂,2c♂. (throughout the country)
Graphium antiphates antiphates ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 14. (N / C / S)
Arisbe antiphates alcibiades ; Page,2020 : 189-190. (Vietnam: except north)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 4♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Rai : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 9♂ 8♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lampang : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phrae : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 5♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchabun : 3♂ (photo and photo by T.Aoyama).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chaiyaphum : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Kanchanaburi : 1♂ 1♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Sa Kaeo : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Nayok : 5♂ (incl.photo by T.Aoyama).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Bangkok : 1♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chonburi : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Trat : 8♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Ratchaburi : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Vientiane : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Bolikhamxai : 45♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Khammouan : 3♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Champasak : 5♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Lao Cai : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lam Dong : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is common in montane forest at low to moderate elevations (alt.10m - 1300m). Males frequently come to the banks of streams and puddles to suck water.
The population from Phetchaburi, northern part of Peninsular Thailand is rather variable. Generally ssp.alcibiades, but intermediate individuals between ssp.nebulosus are often found. It seems to be a transition zone between both subspecies.


Literature

Fabricius, J.C.,1787 : Mantissa Insectorum sistens eorum species nuper detectas adiectis characteribus genericis,
differentiis specificis, emendationibus, observationibus.
Copenhagen, Christ. Gottl. Proft 8vo 1:xx+348pp ; 2:[2]+382pp

Butler, A.G.,1881 : Descriptions of new Species of Lepidoptera in the Collection of the British Museum.
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5)7:31-37, pl.4, 6 figs.

Eimer, G.H.T.,1889 : Die Artbildung und Verwandtschft bei den Schmetterlingen.
Title 1. Eine systematische Darstellung de Abanderungen, Abarteu und Arten der Segelfalter-ahnlichen Formen der Gattung Papilio.
Jena, Verlag von Gustav Fischer. 1:xii+243pp, 23 figs. Atlas of 4pl.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1903 :
Verzeichnis der in Tonkin, Annam und Siam gesammelten Papilioniden und Besprechung verwandter Formen.
Berl. ent. Z. 47(3/4):167-234.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1909 : Neue Papilioniden des indo-australischen Faunengebietes.
Ent. Zeit. 22(41):169-170.

Jordan, K.,1909 : Die Indo-Australische Tagfalter. Papilionidae in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde
9:89-96.

Nishimura, M.,1996 : Notes on some Papilionidae from Indo-China. (2).
Trans. lepid. Soc. Japan. 47(1):40-48. (in Japanese)

Makita, H., Shinkawa, T., Kondo, K., Xing, L. & Nakazawa, T.,2003 :
Phylogeny of the Graphium butterflies inferred from nuclear 28S rDNA and mitochondrial ND5 gene sequences.
Trans. lepid. Soc. Jap. 54(2):91–110.

Wilson, J.J., Karen-Chia, H.M., Sing, K. & Azirun, M.,2014 :
To wards resolving the identities of the Graphium butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) of Peninsular Malaysia.
J. Asia Pac. Entomol. 17: 333–338.

Cotton, A.M., Robinson, J. & Inayoshi, Y.,2019 :
Taxonomic implications resulting from examination of the syntypes of Papilio pompilius Fabricius, 1787 (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae)
Butterflies 81:48-55.

Page, M.G.P.,2020 : Notes on Arisbe (Pathysa) antiphates (Cramer, 1775) (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae) and its allies
Nachr. ent. Ver. Apollo, N.F. 40(3/4):187-202.


Graphium antiphates nebulosus ♂ Graphium antiphates nebulosus ♀
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Kanchanaburi, Thailand.
Graphium antiphates nebulosus ♂ Graphium antiphates nebulosus ♂
♂, Phetchabun, Thailand. (photo by T.Aoyama) ♂, Nakhon Nayok, Thailand. (photo by T.Aoyama)

1996.10.08 - 2022.08.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.