Graphium sarpedon sarpedon  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Graphium sarpedon sarpedon ♂ Up. Graphium sarpedon sarpedon ♂ Un. Graphium sarpedon sarpedon ♀ Up. Graphium sarpedon sarpedon ♀ Un.
♂(f.semifasciatus), Vinh Phuc, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito) ♀, Ha Giang, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito)
Graphium sarpedon sarpedon ♂ Up. Graphium sarpedon sarpedon ♂ Un. Graphium sarpedon sarpedon ♂ Up. Graphium sarpedon sarpedon ♂ Un.
♂, Lao Cai, Vietnam. ♂, Bolikhamxai, Laos. (photo by A.M.Cotton)
Graphium sarpedon sarpedon ♂ Up. Graphium sarpedon sarpedon ♂ Un. Graphium sarpedon sarpedon ♂ Up. Graphium sarpedon sarpedon ♂ Un.
♂(dsf,ab.), Ha Giang, Vietnam. (photo by A.M.Cotton) ♂, Ha Giang, Vietnam. (photo by A.M.Cotton)
Graphium sarpedon sarpedon ♂ Up. Graphium sarpedon sarpedon ♂ Un. Graphium sarpedon ♂ genitalia Graphium sarpedon ♂ genitalia
♂(f.semifasciatus), Vinh Phuc, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito) ♂ valva, Ha Giang, Vietnam.

ON : Papilio sarpedon Linnaeus, 1758
OD : Syst. nat. (ed. 10) 1:461.
TL : 'Asia' [China, Canton].
Distribution : Laos, N.Vietnam, S.China.
● ssp.luctatius
ssp.sarpedon
ssp.islander
Graphium sarpedon sarpedon Map

Synonyms

Papilio protensor Gistel, 1857 : Vacuna 2(2):602. TL. 'China ; Java'
Papilio sarpedon var.semifasciatus Honrath, 1888 : Ent. Nachr. 14:161. TL. China.
Papilio sarpedon melas Fruhstorfer, 1907 : Ent. Zeit. 21(30):183. TL. Tonkin ; Tenasserim. (homonym)
* Graphium corbeti Toxopeus, 1951 : Idea 8:63. (replacement name for Papilio sarpedon melas)


Type Materials Information

semifasciatus ; ♂, Type (red), S.C.China. (NHML, examined)
melas ; ♂, Type, #149392, Aug.-Sep. Chiem-Hoa, C.Tonkin. Fruhstorfer. (NHML, examined)


Records taken from Literature

[ VIETNAM ]
Papilio sarpedon sarpedon ; Jordan,1909 : 95. (Tonkin)
Graphium sarpedon luctatius ; Shinkai,1999 : 62. (N: Tam Dao) (in part)


Specimens Examined

[ LAOS ]
Bolikhamxai : 4♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Khammouan : 3♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Houaphan : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Lao Cai : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Ha Giang : 5♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Vinh Phuc : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

This taxon has distinct seasonal forms and f.semifasciatus with a reduced hindwing band, not found in other subspecies. The dry season form is indistinguishable from ssp.luctatius. The wet season form: discal blue band on the upperside is narrower, especially on the UpH. The most distinctive feature is the darkened vein of the hindwing lower cell, clearly breaking up the discal blue band.
The populations in N.Vietnam are generally considered as the nominotypical subspecies, however individuals intermediate to ssp.luctatius are found occasionally. The syntype specimen of melas from N.Vietnam seems to belong to this intermediate form. In Laos and Yunnan, both ssp.sarpedon, luctatius and intermediate individuals often occur together and are thought to be a transition zone. Further taxonomic study and distributional research are needed.


Literature

Linnaeus, C.,1758 : Systema naturae per regna tria naturae,secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis.
Holmiae, Laurentil Salvii. (Edition 10). 1(Animalia):[iv]+824pp.

Gistel, J.,1857: Achthundert und zwanzig neue oder unbeschriebene wirbellose Theire charakterisirt von Doctor Johannes Gistel.
Vacuna 2(2):513-606.

Honrath, E.G.,1888 : Zwel neus Tagfalter-Varietaten aus Kiukiang (China).
Ent. Nachr. 14:161.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1907 : Neue Papilio-Rassen aus dem indo-australischen Gebiet.
Ent. Zeit. 21(30):182-184.

Jordan, K.,1909 : Die Indo-Australische Tagfalter. Papilionidae in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde
9:89-96.

Page, M.G.P. & Treadaway, C.G.,2013 : Speciation in Graphium sarpedon (Linnaeus) and allies (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera: Papilionidae)
Stutt. Beit. Natur. Serie A, Neue Ser. 6:223-246.


1996.10.06 - 2022.06.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.