Papilio polytes polytes  Linnaeus, 1758

Papilio polytes polytes ♂ Up. Papilio polytes polytes ♂ Un. Papilio polytes polytes ♀ Up. Papilio polytes polytes ♀ Un.
♂, Ha Giang, Vietnam. (photo by A.M.Cotton) ♀, Ha Giang, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito)

ON : Papilio polytes Linnaeus, 1758
OD : Syst. nat. (ed. 10) 1:460.
TL : 'Asia'
Distribution : N.Vietnam, S.China.
● ssp.romulus
hybrid zone of latreilloides and polytes
Papilio polytes polytes Map

Synonyms

Papilio pammon Linnaeus, 1758 : Syst. nat. (ed.10) 1:460. TL. 'Asia' (♂, LSL)
Papilio astyanax Fabricius, 1793 : Ent. syst. 3(1):13. TL. India. (homonym)
Princeps heroicus stichius Hübner, [1808] : Samml. exot. Schmett. 1:pl.[112], fig.1,♀,2,♀(Un).
Papilio hector De Haan, 1840 : Verh. Nat. Ges. Ned. overz. Bez. :39. (homonym)
Papilio pammon var.borealis Felder & Felder, 1862 : Wien. ent. Monats. 6(1):22. TL. Ning-Po. (♂♀)
Papilio polytes borealis ♀f.mandane Rothschild, 1895 : Novit. zool. 2(3):348. TL. W.China. (♀)
Papilio chalcaevorus Fabricius, 1938 in Bryk. Syst. Glossat. :24. TL. Asiae Chalcas. (homonym)


Type Material Information

pammon ; ♂, Lectotype. (LSL, photo examined)


Records taken from Literature

[ VIETNAM ]
Papilio polytes ; Joannis,1901 : 332-333. (Tonkin: Cao Bang)
Papilio polytes polytes ; Jordan,1908-1909 : 61. (Tonkin)
Papilio polytes f.♂pammon, f.♀mandane ; Dubois & Vitalis,1914 : 149. (N.Tonkin)
Papilio polytes f.♀stychius [sic] ; Dubois & Vitalis,1914 : 149. (N.Tonkin)
Papilio polytes ab.chryson ; Dubois & Vitalis,1914 : 149. (N.Tonkin)
Papilio polytes f.♂pammon, f.♀mandane ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 214. (N.Tonkin)
Papilio polytes f.♀stychius [sic] ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 214. (N.Tonkin)
Papilio polytes ab.chryson ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 214. (N.Tonkin)
Papilio polytes f.♀madane [sic] ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 13. (N.Tonkin)
Papilio polytes f.♀stychius [sic] ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 13. (Tonkin)
Papilio polytes ab.chryson ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 13. (Tonkin)
Papilio polytes ; Lemee,1950 : 4. (Hagiang; Sontay; Hanoi)
Papilio polytes polytes ; Metaye,1957 : 82. (N / 'C' / 'S')
Papilio polytes polytes f.♂pammon ; Metaye,1957 : 82. (N / 'C'/ 'S')
Papilio polytes polytes f.♀polytes ; Metaye,1957 : 82. (N / 'C' / 'S')
Papilio polytes polytes f.♀mandane ; Metaye,1957 : 82. (N)
Papilio polytes polytes f.♀stichius ; Metaye,1957 : 82. (N)
Papilio polytes romulus ab.chryson ; Metaye,1957 : 82. (N)
Papilio polytes polytes ; Monastyrskii,2007 : 59-61, pl.15, fig.b♂(f.depictus). (N) (in part)
Papilio polytes polytes ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 13. (N)


Specimens Examined

[ VIETNAM ]
Ha Giang : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

This subspecies is distributed in northern part of N.Vietnam. The conventional records may have been confused with other subspecies. Both ssp.polytes and ssp.latreilloides have been obtained sympatrically in some parts of Yunnan, China to Ha Giang, N.Vietnam. Some specimens seem to be intermediate between them, suggesting a hybrid zone. It is uncertain whether the figured female specimen shown above is ssp.polytes or ssp.latreilloides.
Yoshino,2018 described ssp.sakiboso from Ximen County, Mt.Kongashan, Sichuan which is possibly a synonym of polytes. Further taxonomic study is needed.


Literature

Linnaeus, C.,1758 : Systema naturae per regna tria naturae,secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis.
Holmiae, Laurentil Salvii. (Edition 10). 1(Animalia):[iv]+824pp.

Fabricius, J.C.,1793 : Entomologia systematica emedata et aucta. secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, adjectis synonymis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus.
3(1): [iv] + 488 pp. Copenhagen. C.G.Proft.

Hübner, J.,1806-[1819] : Sammlung Exotischer Schmetterlinge.
1:[213] pls.

De Haan, W.,1840 :
In Verhandelingen over de Natuurlijke Geschiedenis der Nederlandsche overseesche bezittingen, door de Leden der Natuurkundige commissie in Indie en andere Schrijvers
Zoologie; Bijdragen tot de Kennis der Papilionidea. 1-44.

Felder, C. & Felder, R.,1862 : Observationes de Lepidopteris nonullis Chinae Centralis et Japoniae.
Wien. ent. Monats. 6(1):22-32 ; (2):33-40.

Rothschild, L.W.,1895 : A revision of the Papilios of the Eastern Hemisphere, exclusive of Africa.
Novit. zool. 2(3):167-463, pl.4.

Fabricius, J.C.,1938 : in Bryk, Systema Glossatorum Secundum Ordines, Genera, Species Adiectis Synonymi Locis, Observationibus, Descriptionibus
i-xii, 13-112.

Yoshino, K.,2018 : Description of Two New Subspecies of Papilio polytes (Papilionidae) from Southwest China and a New Subspecies of Delias acalis (Pieridae) from Hainan Island, South China
Butterfly Science 12:69-75.


1996.09.25 - 2022.03.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.