Papilio demoleus demoleus  Linnaeus, 1758


ON : Papilio demoleus  Linnaeus, 1758
OD : Syst. nat. (ed. 10) 1:464.
TL : 'Asia' [Canton, China]. (MLU)
Distribution : Middle East to Sri Lanka, India to Myanmar,
N.Vietnam, Hainan, S.China, Taiwan, Philippines.
ssp.demoleus
● ssp.malayanus
Papilio demoleus demoleus map


Synonyms

Papilio erithonius Cramer, 1779 : Uitl. Kapellen 3(17-21):67-68, pl.232, figs.A♂,B♂(Un). TL. 'China ; Coromandel' (♂♀)
Papilio epius Fabricius, 1793 : Ent. syst. 3(1):35. TL. China. (♂♀, ZMUC)
Papilio erithonius var.demoleinus Oberthür, 1879 : Etud. ent. 4:57-58. TL. China. (♂♀, NHML)
Papilio demoleus libanius Fruhstorfer, 1908 : Ent. Zeit. 22:(35):141. TL. Takau, Formosa. (♂, NHML)
Papilio demoleus demoleus ab.le moulti Dufrane, 1946 : Bull. Annls Soc. ent. Belg. 82:113. TL. Che Ou, Chine. (♂)
Papilio demoleus demoleus ab.ochrea Dufrane, 1946 : Bull. Annls Soc. ent. Belg. 82:113. TL. Che Ou, Chine. (♀)
Papilio demoleus flavosignatus Heydemann, 1954 : Z. wien. ent. Ges. 39:388. TL. Afganistan. (♂♀)
* Papilio demoleus ab.wesoui Murayama, 1958 : New Ent. Ueda 7(1):26, fig.8. TL. Taiwan.


Type Materials Information

epius ; 2♂, Type, det. R.I.Vane-Wright,1977. (ZMUC) ; ♀, Type, det. R.I.Vane-Wright,1977. (ZMUC)
demoleinus ;
♀, Syntype (blue) ; Type (red), #220293, Chine. (NHML, examined)
♀, Syntype (blue) ; Type (red), #220294. (NHML, examined)
libanius ;
♂, Type HT (red), #220268, Formosa Regenzeit. Fruhstorfer. (NHML, examined) ;
♀, Type AT (red), #220283, Formosa Regenzeit, Fruhstorfer. (NHML, examined)


Records taken from Literature

[ VIETNAM ]
Papilio erithonius ; Joannis,1901 : 332. (Tonkin: Cao Bang)
Papilio demoleus ; Fruhstorfer,[1903] : 171-172. (Tonkin: Than-Moi; Chiem-Hoa)
Papilio demoleus demoleus ; Jordan,1908-1909 : 48. (Tonkin)
Papilio demoleus ; Lemee,1950 : 4. (Hagiang; 'Hanoi')
Papilio demoleus demoleus ; Metaye,1957 : 81. (N) (in part)
Papilio demoleus demoleus ab.♂demoleinus ; Metaye,1957 : 81. (N) (in part)
Papilio demoleus demoleus ; Monastyrskii,2007 : 47-48, pl.11, fig.1a♂. (N)
Papilio demoleus demoleus ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 12. (N)


Notes

The distribution of this taxon in the Indochina region seems to be rather confined, it is found only in the east part of N.Vietnam close to the Chinese border. Further distributional research is needed.


Literature

Linnaeus, C.,1758 : Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis.
Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. (Edition 10). 1(Animalia):[iv]+824pp.

Cramer, P.,1775-1780 :
De uitlandsche Kapellen voorkomende in de drie Waereld-Deelen Asia, Africa en America. Papillons exotiques des trois parties du monde l'Asie, l'Afrique et l'Amerique.
Amsteldam, S.J.Baalde; Barthelemy Wild and J. Van Schoonhoven & Comp.
1(1/7):i-xxx, 1-16, 1-132, pls.1-84 ([31 December]1775), (8):133-155, pls.85-96 (1776); 2(9/16):1-151, pls.97-192 (1777); 3(17/22):1-128, pls.193-264 (1779), (23/24):129-176, pls.265-288 (1780); 4(25/26):1-28, pls.289-304 (1780)

Fabricius, J.C.,1793 : Entomologia systematica emedata et aucta. secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, adjectis synonymis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus.
3(1): [iv] + 488 pp. Copenhagen. C.G.Proft.

Oberthür, C.,1879 : Catalogue raisonne des Papilionidae de la collection de Ch. Oberthür a Rennes.
Etud. ent. 4:xviii + 19-117 pp, 6 pls.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1908 : Lepidopterologisches Pele-Mele. X. Neue Rhopaloceren von Formosa.
Ent. Zeit. 22(35):140-141.

Dufrane, A.,1946 : Papilionidae
Bull. Annls Soc. ent. Belg. 82:101-122.

Heydemann, F.,1954 : Beitrag zur Lepidopteren-Fauna Afghanistans.
Z. wien. ent. Ges. 39:385-396, pls.35-36.

Smith, C.R. & Vane-Wright, R.I.,2008 : Classification, nomenclature and identification of lime swallowtail butterflies :
a post-cladistic analysis. (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae)
Systematics and Biodiversity 6(2):175-203.


1996.10.02 - 2022.01.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.