Papilio palinurus palinurus  Fabricius, 1787

Papilio palinurus palinurus ♂ Up. Papilio palinurus palinurus ♂ Un. Papilio palinurus palinurus ♂ Up. Papilio palinurus palinurus ♂ Un.
♂, Yala, Thailand. (RIEB) ♂, Satun, Thailand. (RIEB)
Papilio palinurus palinurus ♂ Up. Papilio palinurus palinurus ♂ Un.
♂, Surat Thani, Thailand. (photo by K.Saito)

ON : Papilio palinurus Fabricius, 1787
OD : Mantissa Ins. 2:2.
TL : 'Tranquebariae' ['Malay Peninsula'] (♂, ZMUC)
Distribution : S.Myanmar, Thailand, Langkawi, W.Malaysia,
Sumatra, Borneo.
Papilio palinurus palinurus Map

Synonyms

Papilio regulus Stoll, [1790] : in Cramer, Uitl. Kapellen Aanh. (3):175-176, pl.41, figs.1,♂,1A♂(Un). TL. Bengalen.
Papilio brama Guerin-Meneville, 1840 : Revue Zool. 3(2):43-44, pl.1, figs.3,4. TL. 'Cote Malaye'
Papilio palinurus tubero Fruhstorfer, 1909 : Ent. Zeit. 22(42):176. TL. S.O.Borneo. (NHML)
Papilio palinurus tubero vor.solinus Fruhsotrfer, 1909 : Ent. Zeit. 22(42):176. TL. N.Borneo. (NHML)
Papilio palinurus nikagoras Fruhstorfer, 1909 : Ent. Zeit. 22(42):176. TL. Padang, W.Sumatra. (NHML)


Type Materials Information

palinurus ; ♂, Lectotype. det. by A.M.Cotton,2021 (ZMUC, photo examined)
tubero ; ♂, Type (red), S.O.Borneo. (NHML, examined)
solinus ;
♂, Type (red), Feb. Lawas, Nord-Borneo. A.Everett. (NHML, examined)
♀, Type (red), Nort-Borneo. (NHML, examined)
nikagoras ; ♂, Type (red), Padang, Sumatra. (NHML, examined)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Papilio palinurus palinurus ; Godfrey,1916 : 111. (Phetchaburi River)
Papilio palinurus palinurus ; Pendlebury,1923 : 24. (Nakhon Sri Thammarat: Lan Saka)
Papilio palinurus palinurus ; Godfrey,1930 : 215. (Phetchaburi River; Bangnara)
Papilio palinurus palinurus ; Godfrey,1932a : 264. (P)
Papilio palinurus palinurus ; Pinratana,1977 : 50, figs.P36,♂,♂(Un). (Songkhla: Hoi Hin)
Papilio palinurus palinurus ; Pinratana & Eliot,1992 : 27,44, pl.49, figs.39,♂,♀. (Kanchanaburi; Pattani; Trang; Satun; Yala)
Papilio palinurus palinurus ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 98, pl.21, figs.P42,♂,♂(Un),♀. (Koh Samui; Kanchanaburi)
Papilio palinurus palinurus ; Les Day,2011-2022 : Samui Butterflies, figs. (Koh Samui) (accessed: 2022.04.10)
Papilio palinurus palinurus ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 129, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Tarutao Is.)
Papilio palinurus palinurus ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 98, pl.21, figs.P39,♂,♂(Un),♀. (Koh Samui; Kanchanaburi)
Papilio palinurus palinurus ; Küppers & Janikorn,2017 : 162, figs.Abb.Pa-109-110. (Phang Nga)
Papilio palinurus palinurus ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2022- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Phetchaburi) (accessed: 2022.07.11)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Phetchaburi : 2♂ (photo by T.Aoyama and A.Rukkasikorn).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Surat Thani (Koh Samui dist.) : 1♂ (RIEB).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Satun (Koh Tarutao) : 1♂ (RIEB).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 4♂ (RIEB ; photo by S.Atdhabhan).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally not rare in montane forest at low elevations (Alt.10m - 450m). Males form flight paths along streams or forest edges, and frequently come to the banks of streams and puddles to suck water.


Literature

Fabricius, J.C.,1787 : Mantissa Insectorum sistens eorum species nuper detectas adiectis characteribus genericis,
differentiis specificis, emendationibus, observationibus.
Copenhagen, Christ. Gottl. Proft 8vo 1:xx+348pp ; 2:[2]+382pp

Stoll, C.,[1787]-[1790] : in Cramer, Uitlandsche Kapellen.
voorkomende in de drie Waereld-Deelen Asia, Africa en America, by een verzameld en bescreeven.
Suppl. (1):1-42, pl.1-8,[1787] ; (2-5):43-184, pl.9-42,[1790]

Guerin-Meneville, F.E.,1840 : Lepidopteres nouveaux decouverts aux Indes-Orientales par M. Adolphe Delessert.
Revue Zool. (Soc. Cuv.) 3(2):43-44.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1909 : Neue asiatische Papilio-Rassen.
Ent. Zeit. 22(42):175-176 ; 22(43):177-179.

Cotton, A.M.,2021 : Lectotype designation for Papilio palinurus Fabricius,1787 (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae)
Butterflies 86:21-23.


Papilio palinurus palinurus ♂ Papilio palinurus palinurus ♂
♂, Phetchaburi, Thailand. (photo by T.Aoyama)
Papilio palinurus palinurus ♂ Papilio palinurus palinurus ♂
♂, Phetchaburi, Thailand. (photo by T.Aoyama) ♂, Yala, Thailand. (photo by S.Atdhabhan)
Papilio palinurus palinurus ♂ Papilio palinurus palinurus ♂
♂, Yala, Thailand. (photo by S.Atdhabhan) ♂, Yala, Thailand. (photo by S.Atdhabhan)

1996.10.02 - 2022.07.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.