Papilio demoleus malayanus  Wallace, 1865

Papilio demoleus malayanus ♂ Up. Papilio demoleus malayanus ♂ Un. Papilio demoleus malayanus ♀ Up. Papilio demoleus malayanus ♀ Un.
♂, Houaphan, Laos. ♀, Chiang Rai, Thailand.
Papilio demoleus malayanus ♂ Up. Papilio demoleus malayanus ♂ Un. Papilio demoleus malayanus ♀ Up. Papilio demoleus malayanus ♀ Up.
♂, Nan, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Rai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Rai. Thailand.

ON : Papilio erithonius loc.f.malayanus Wallace, 1865
OD : Trans. linn. soc. Lond. 25(1):59.
TL : Singapore ; 'Manila' loc.err ; [nec] Flores. (NHML)
Distribution : S.Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia,
Vietnam, Langkawi, W.Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra.
ssp.demoleus
● ssp.malayanus
Papilio demoleus malayanus map

Synonyms

Papilio demoleus annamiticus Fruhstorfer, [1902] : Deut. ent. Z. [Iris] 14(2):271. TL. Xom-Gom, S.Annam. (NHML)
Papilio demoleus ab.chryseis Boullet & Le Cerf, 1912 : Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 1912(11):247. TL. Pnom-Penh, Cambodia. (NHML)
Papilio demoleus malayanus ♀f.leowi Tung, 1982 : Tokurana 4:58, pl.11, figs.1♀,2♀(Un). TL. Tapah, Perak. (♀, in coll. V.W.Y.Tung)


Type Materials Information

malayanus ; ♂, Type (red), Rh.10939, #149311, Singapore. Wallace. (NHML, examined)
annamiticus ; ♂, Syntype (blue) ; Type (red), #149312, Xom-Gom, Sud-Annam, Februar, H.Fruhstorfer. (NHML, examined)
chryseis ; ♂, Syntype (blue) ; Paratype (yellow), #149313, Pnom Penh, Cambodge. (NHML, examined)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Papilio demoleus malayanus ; Jordan,1908-1909 : 48. (Siam)
Papilio demoleus malayanus ; Godfrey,1916 : 110.
Papilio demoleus malayanus ; Pendlebury,1923 : 23. (Nakhon Sri Thammarat: Tai Sai River; Lan Saka)
Papilio demoleus malayanus ; Godfrey,1927 : 119. (N)
Papilio demoleus malayanus ; Godfrey,1930 : 211. (all over)
Papilio demoleus malayanus ; Godfrey,1932a : 264. (P)
Papilio demoleus malayanus ; Pinratana,1977 : 30, figs.P21,♂[♀],♀[♂].
Papilio demoleus malayanus ; Pinratana & Eliot,1992 : 21,42, pl.25, fig.21,♂. (every where)
Papilio demoleus demoleus ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2000 : 251, fig.38,♀. (Mukdahan: Phu Pha Thaep)
Papilio demoleus demoleus ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 15. (Mukdahan: Phu Huay Sing; Ubon Ratchathani: Ban Na Pho Krang; Nam Tok Soi Sawan)
Papilio demoleus malayanus ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 45. (Ubon Ratchathani: Nam Tok Soi Sawan; Mukdahan: Ban Lao Kram; Phu Huai Sing)
Papilio demoleus malayanus ; Katsuyama et al.,2005 : 64, fig.41,♂. (Umphang)
Papilio demoleus malayanus ; Katsuyama et al.,2006 : 45-46, fig.26,♂. (Nan: Ban Nam Poon)
Papilio demoleus malayanus ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 74, pl.8, figs.P21,♂,♀. (everywhere)
Papilio demoleus demoleus ; Les Day,2011- : Samui Butterflies, figs. (Koh Samui) (accessed: 2021.12.27)
Papilio demoleus malayanus ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 121, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Pha Hom Pok; Doi Inthanon; Thung Saleng Luang; Phu Khiewo; Muak Lek; Nakohn Nayork; Wan Nam Khiewo; Chanthaburi; Kratchin WF; Khao Chamaoh; Bang Sarrey; Bang Phra; Bangkok; Kaeng Chai; Khao Phang WF; Kanchanaburi; Wang Kheo; Ka Chong)
Papilio demoleus malayanus ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 74, pl.8, figs.P20,♂,♀. (everywhere)
Papilio demoleus malayanus ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Phetchabun; Sa Kaeo; Chachoengsao; Ratchaburi) (accessed: 2021.12.27)
Papilio demoleus malayanus ; Küppers & Janikorn,2017 : 156, figs.Abb.Pa-074-075,178,187. (Phang Nga)

[ LAOS ]
Papilio demoleus demoleus ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 46, pl.4, figs.7,♂,8,♂(Un). (Tha Ngone; Vientiane; Ban Houei Sai; Luang Prabang; Nam Ngum Dam)
Papilio demoleus demoleus ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 200, pl.9, fig.♂. (Luang Phrabang)
Papilio demoleus demoleus ; Nimura & Wakahara,2005 : 38. (Nhahin; Nakai)
Papilio demoleus malayanus ; Cotton & Racheli,[2007] : 346-347. (Thabok; Thakhek; Koun Kham)
Papilio demoleus demoleus ; Onodera,2009b : 40. (Khammouan: Thakhek)
Papilio demoleus malayanus ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 41.

[ CAMBODIA ]
Papilio demoleus ab.chryseis ; Dubois & Vitalis,1914 : 148. (Pnom Pehn)
Papilio demoleus ab.chryseis ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 213. (Pnom Pehn)
Papilio demoleus ab.chryseis ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 11. (Pnom Penh)
Papilio demoleus malayanus ; Woodfield & Murton,2006 : figs.♂,♂(Un). (Botum Sakor NP.)
Papilio demoleus ; Onodera,2009 : 38. (Siem Reap: Phnum Kulen)
Papilio demoleus malayanus ; Monastyrskii et al.,2011 : 128. (Phnom Samkos W.S.)

[ VIETNAM ]
Papilio demoleus f.temp.annamiticus ; Fruhstorfer,[1903] : 171-172. (Annam: Phuc-Son)
Papilio demoleus malayanus ; Godfrey,1919 : 464. (S: Daban)
Papilio demoleus ab.annamiticus ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 11. (Annam)
Papilio demoleus demoleus ; Metaye,1957 : 81 (C / S) (in part)
Papilio demoleus malayanus ; Metaye,1957 : 81. (C)
Papilio demoleus demoleus ab.♂demoleinus ; Metaye,1957 : 81 (C / S) (in part)
Papilio demoleus malayanus ab.annamiticus ; Metaye,1957 : 81. (C)
Papilio demoleus ; Ikeda et al.,1998 : 13, figs.3:13♀,14♀(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Papilio demoleus demoleus ; Shinkai,1999 : 51-52. (Tam Dao / Bao Lac)
Papilio demoleus ; Vu,2003 : 56. (Phu Quoc)
Papilio demoleus demoleus ; Luong et al.,2004 : 1, 23, figs.♀,♀(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Papilio demoleus demoleus ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006 : 7, fig.pa-10,♂. (Lam Dong: Dambri; Dong Nai: Thac Mai)
Papilio demoleus ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 38. (Thua Thien Hue: Nam Dong; A Luoi; Huong Thuy; Phong Dien; Bach Ma)
Papilio demoleus malayanus ; Monastyrskii,2007 : 47-48, pl.11, figs.1b♂,1c♂. (C / S)
Papilio demoleus demoleus ; Nihira,2009 : 98. (Phu Quoc)
Papilio demoleus demoleus ; Miyazaki et al.,2010 : 20, fig.Pa-10,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri; Madagui; Phan Thiet)
Papilio demoleus demoleus ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 12. (C / S)
Papilio demoleus malayanus ; Saito et al.,2017 ; 77. (S: Nui Cam; Nui Coto)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Rai : 6♂ 3♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 8♂ 4♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phrae : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchabun : 1♂ 1♀ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Trat : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Ranong : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 2♂ 1♀ (photo by S.Atdhabhan).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Houaphan ; 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Bolikhamxai ; 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Khammouan : 3♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Champasak : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is very common in secondary forest and gardens in urban areas at low to moderate elevations (alt.10m - 1000m).
Some examples in northern Indochina seem slightly closer to ssp.demoleus. Further taxonomic study is needed.


Literature

Wallace, A.R.,1865 :
On the phenomena of variation and geographical distribution as illustrated by the Papilionidae of the Malayan Region.
Trans. linn. Soc. Lond. 25(1):1-71, pls.1-8.

Fruhstorfer, H.,[1902] : Neue und seltene Lepidopteren aus Annam und Tonkin und dem malayischen Archipel.
Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 14(2):265-276, pl.5.

Boullet, E. & Le Cerf, F.,1912 : Descriptions sommarires de formes nouvelles de Papilionidae (Lep).
de la collection du Museum de Paris (2e note).
Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 1912(11):246-247.

Tung, V.W.Y.,1982 : Notes on variant forms of Malaysian Butterflies
Tokurana (Acta Rhopalocera) 4:57-64, 3 pls.


Papilio demoleus malayanus ♂ Papilio demoleus malayanus ♀
♂, Phetchabun, Thailand. ♀, Phetchabun, Thailand.
Papilio demoleus malayanus ♂ Papilio demoleus malayanus ♂
♂, Phrae, Thailand.
Papilio demoleus malayanus ♂ Papilio demoleus malayanus ♀
♂, Yala, Thailand. (photo by S.Atdhabhan) ♀, Yala, Thailand. (photo by S.Atdhabhan)

1996.10.02 - 2022.03.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.