Athyma zeroca galaesus  (Fruhstorfer, 1912)

Athyma zeroca galaesus ♂ Up. Athyma zeroca galaesus ♂ Un. Athyma zeroca galaesus ♀ Up. Athyma zeroca galaesus ♀ Un.
♂ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Athyma zeroca galaesus ♂ Up. Athyma zeroca galaesus ♂ Un. Athyma zeroca galaesus ♀ Up. Athyma zeroca galaesus ♀ Un.
♂ (dsf), Tak, Thailand. ♀ (dsf), Tak, Thailand.
Athyma zeroca galaesus ♂ Up. Athyma zeroca galaesus ♂ Un. Athyma zeroca galaesus ♀ Up. Athyma zeroca galaesus ♀ Un.
♂, Nan, Thailand. ♀ (dsf), Nan, Thailand.
Athyma zeroca galaesus ♂ Up. Athyma zeroca galaesus ♂ Un. Athyma zeroca galaesus ♂ Up. Athyma zeroca galaesus ♂ Un.
♂, Phetchabun, Thailand. ♂ (dsf), Nan, Thailand.

ON : Pantoporia zeroca galaesus Fruhstorfer, 1912
OD : in Seitz, Grossschmett Erde 9 : 632, fig.123e♂.
TL : Siam.
Distribution : Myanmar (Karen Hills), Thailand, S.Yunnan.
● ssp.galaesus
ssp.meinippus
Athyma zeroca galaesus map

Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Pantoporia zeroca galaesus ; Godfrey,1916 : 129. (Prae: Me Song forest)
Pantoporia zeroca galaesus ; Godfrey,1927 : 124. (N)
Pantoporia zeroca galaesus ; Godfrey,1930 : 286. (Muak Lek; Pak Jong)
Athyma zeroca zeroca ; Pinratana,1979 : 58, figs.N014a♂,♀. (Chaiyaphum; Loei)
Athyma zeroca galaesus ; Pinratana,1979 : 58. (Chaiyaphum; Loei)
Athyma zeroca galaesus ; Pinratana & Eliot,1996 : 60, pl.38, figs.106,♂,♂(Un). (Chaiyaphum; Phisanulok) (in part)
Athyma zeroca galaesus ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 406, pl.177, figs.N110,♂,♂(Un),♂(dsf),♀. ('Khao Yai' [loc.err.])
Athyma zeroca galaesus ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 416, pl.181, fig.N275,♂,♂(Un),♂(dsf),♀. (Nan) (in part)
Athyma zeroca galaesus ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Chiang Mai; Nan; Phetchabun) (accessed: 2020.09.24)
Athyma zeroca galaesus ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 88, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Pha Hom Pok; Doi Ankhaan; Doi Suthep; Thung Saleng Luang; Phu Khiewo; Doi Montha)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 4♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Rai : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 14♂ 1♀ (incl.photo & photo by K.Saito).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 9♂ 1♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Uttaradit : 3♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Kamphaeng Phet : 1♂ (photo by S.Sophonviwatkul).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 9♂ 1♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchabun : 4♂ 1♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chaiyaphum : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchaburi : 1♂ (photo by T.Aoyama).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is not rare in montane forest at moderate elevations (Alt.500m - 1300m).
The taxon galaesus was described from 'Siam' by Fruhstorfer,1912. The description of the female in the original description may be a characteristic of the population from the Nakhon Nayok area. Most females of Nakhon Nayok have a bright orange band on the UpF. If the type specimens came from this area (including Muok-Lek ; Pak-Jong), the taxon from Myanmar (Karen Hills) to Thailand, known as ssp.galaesus, would be unnamed. I provisionally follow traditional arrangements. Further taxonomic study is needed.


Literature

Fruhstorfer, H.,1912 : 6. Familie: Nymphalidae in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9
617-632. (15.Oct.1912)


Athyma zeroca galaesus ♂ Athyma zeroca galaesus ♂
♂ (dsf), Tak, Thailand.
Athyma zeroca galaesus ♂ Athyma zeroca galaesus ♂
♂, Phetchabun, Thailand. ♂, Mae Hong Son, Thailand.
Athyma zeroca galaesus ♂ Athyma zeroca galaesus ♂
♂, Kamphaeng Phet, Thailand. (photo by S.Sophonviwatkul) ♂ (dsf, territorial behavior), Chiang Rai, Thailand.
Athyma zeroca galaesus ♂ Athyma zeroca galaesus ♀
♂ (dsf), Phetchaburi, Thailand. (photo by T.Aoyama) ♀ (dsf), Nan, Thailand.

2006.03.10 - 2022.10.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.