Tapena thwaitesi minuscula  Elwes & Edwards,1897

Tapena thwaitesi minuscula ♂ Up. Tapena thwaitesi minuscula ♂ Un. Tapena thwaitesi minuscula ♂ Up. Tapena thwaitesi minuscula ♂ Un.
♂ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂ (wsf), Chonburi, Thailand.

ON : Tapena minuscula Elwes & Edwards,1897
OD : Trans. zool. Soc. Lond. 14(4):147, pl.18♂, fig.18; pl.22.fig.17.
TL : Bernardmyo, N.Burma. (NHML)
Distribution : Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, C.Vietnam.

● ssp.minuscula
ssp.bornea
Tapena thwaitesi minuscula map

Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Tapena thwaitesi ; Godfrey,1916 : 142. (Chonburi: Sriracha)
Tapena thwaitesi minuscula ; Godfrey,1930 : 365. (Chiang Rai; Chonburi: Sriracha; Me Wong)
Tapena thwaitesi minuscula ; Evans,1949 : 109. (Siam)
Tapena thwaitesi minuscula ; Pinratana,1985 : 31, pl.12, fig.46. (Chiang Mai; Ratchaburi; Chonburi; "Ranong")
Tapena thwaitesi minuscula ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2000 : 249, fig.6,♂. (Mukdahan: Phu Sa Duak Bua ; Phu Mu)
Tapena thwaitesi minuscula ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 9. (Mukdahan: Ban Na Lak)
Tapena thwaitesi minuscula ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 43. (Mukdahan: Phu Hin Khan)
Tapena thwaitesi minuscula ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 754, pl.346, fig.H58a♂,♀[♂]. (Chiang Mai)
Tapena thwaitesi minuscula ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 37, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Kao Khiewo)
Tapena thwaitesi minuscula ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 804, pl.370, fig.H56a♂,♀[♂]. (Chiang Mai)
Tapena thwaitesi minuscula ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, fig. (Chiang Mai) (accessed: 2021.11.02)

[ LAOS ]
Tapena thwaitesi ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 ; 222, pl.135, fig.♀. (Oudomxay)
Tapena thwaitesi minuscula ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 57.

[ VIETNAM ]
Tapena thwaitesi minuscula ; Devyatkin & Monastyrskii,1999 ; 159. (C: Vu Quang)
Tapena thwaitesi minuscula ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2007b ; 6, fig.H-24,♂. (Lam Dong: Dambri; Dai Duc Me)
Tapena thwaitesi minuscula ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 72. (C: Ha Tinh to Lam Dong)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Chiang Mai : 10♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phrae : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Sa Kaeo : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chonburi : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Bolikhamxai : 2♂ (photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally common in montane forest at low to moderate elevations (Alt.450m - 600m).
Inoué & Kawazoé,1965b recorded ssp.bornea from S.Vietnam, and the illustrated genitalia is consistent with this. Pinratana,1985 recorded ssp.minuscula at Ranong, P.Thailand, but this is uncertain. Male genitalia must be examined for reliable identification. Further taxonomic study is needed.


Literature

Elwes, H.J. & Edwards, J.,1897 : A Revision of the Oriental Hesperiidae.
Trans. zool. Soc. Lond. 14(4):101-324, pls.18-27.


Tapena thwaitesi minuscula ♂ Tapena thwaitesi minuscula ♂
♂ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand.

1999.07.31 - 2021.11.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.