Mycalesis mineus macromalayana  Fruhstorfer, 1911

Mycalesis mineus macromalayana ♂ Up. Mycalesis mineus macromalayana ♂ Un. Mycalesis mineus macromalayana ♀ Up. Mycalesis mineus macromalayana ♀ Un.
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♀, Yala, Thailand.
Mycalesis mineus macromalayana ♂ Up. Mycalesis mineus macromalayana ♂ Un. Mycalesis mineus macromalayana ♀ Up. Mycalesis mineus macromalayana ♀ Un.
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♀ (dsf), Ranong, Thailand.

ON : Mycalesis mineus macromalayana Fruhstorfer, 1911
OD : in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 9:344.
TL : Sumatra.
Distribution : P.Thailand, Langkawi, W.Malaysia, Singapore,
Borneo, Sumatra, Java, Sumba, Flores.
● ssp.
Mycalesis mineus macromalayana map


Mycalesis mineus toshikoae Hayashi & Iwanaga, 1974 : Trans. lepid. Soc. Japan 25(4):87, fig.1-4. TL. Kuching, Sarawak, Borneo. (♀)

Records taken from Literature

Mycalesis mineus mineus ; Godfrey,1931 : 194. (Ko Tao)
Mycalesis mineus macromalayana ; Godfrey,1930 : 249. (Nakhon Sri Thammarat: Khao Ram)
Mycalesis mineus macromalayana ; Godfrey,1932a : 267. (P)
Mycalesis mineus macromalayana ; Pendlebury,1923 : 32. (Nakhon Sri Thammarat: Tai Sai River, Khao Ram)
Mycalesis mineus macromalayana ; Aoki & Yamaguchi,1984 : 49-50, fig.24,♂. (Ranong: Ranong; Phang Nga: Phang Nga; Phuket: Phuket; Pa Tong; Nakhon Sri Thammarat: Ko Samui; Satun: Thung Wa; Yala: Ban Beton)
Mycalesis mineus macromalayana ; Pinratana,1988 : 22, pl.24, figs.52b♂,♀(Un). (Nakhon Sri Thammarat; Songkhla; Ranong; Trang; Yala)
Mycalesis mineus ; Ek-Amnuay et al.,2007 : 4, figs.S58,♂,♀. (Ranong: Kam Puan; Muang Shone)
Mycalesis mineus micromalayana ; Uémura,2010 : 4-5.
Mycalesis mineus macromalayana ; Les Day,2011-2022 : Samui Butterflies, fig.[♀](Un). (Koh Samui; Koh Phangan) (accessed: 2022.06.17)
Mycalesis mineus macromalayana ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 268, pl.106, figs.N93b♂,♀,♀(Un). (in part)
Mycalesis mineus micromalayana ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 178-179, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Kam Puan; Muang Shone; Khlong Naka; Kao Luang; Ka Chong; Haadjai; Sai Kao WF; Than To WF.)
Mycalesis mineus micromalayana ; Küppers & Janikorn,2017 : 267-268, figs.Abb.S-118-122, [S-198-209]. (Phang Nga)

Specimens Examined

Ranong : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 6♂ 6♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


The butterfly is common in secondary and montane forests at low elevations.
Identification of this species requires examination of the colour and shape of the male androconial brand on the UnF and UpH, or the male genitalia. Most species in the mineus group are very difficult to identify using the underside markings, and the dry season forms are almost impossible to identify.

The differences of the Mycalesis mineus group. (♂ androconial brand). Both characteristics must be confirmed for identification.

perseus perseoides mineus intermedia distanti visala
♂ UnF Mycalesis perseus ♂ UnF Mycalesis perseoides ♂ UnF Mycalesis mineus ♂ UnF Mycalesis intermedia ♂ UnF Mycalesis distanti ♂ UnF Mycalesis visala ♂ UnF

black (small) dark brown dark brown (small) dark brown brown pale yellow (long)
♂ UpH Mycalesis perseus ♂ UpH Mycalesis perseoides ♂ UpH Mycalesis mineus ♂ UpH Mycalesis intermedia ♂ UpH Mycalesis distanti ♂ UpH Mycalesis visala ♂ UpH

black (small) black (long and slender) salmon pink or
dark brown
pale yellow (oval, large) pale yellow (large)
(extends to the base of space 6)
pale yellow (long and slender)


Fruhstorfer, H.,1911 : 4. Familie: Satyridae in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9
337-344. (9.May.1911)

Hayashi, H. & Iwanaga, S.,1974 : A new subspecies of Mycalesis mineus Linnaeus from Borneo (Lepidoptera: Satyridae)
Trans. lepid. Soc. Japan 25(4):87-88.

Aoki, T., Yamaguchi, S. & Uémura, Y.,1982 : Butterflies of the South East Asian Islands vol.3. Satyridae, Amathusiidae and Libytheidae. (in Japanese)
530 pp, 113 col.pls. Plapac co. Ltd.

Uémura, Y.,1985 : Identification guide to the Thai-Malayan species of the mineus-group of Mycalesis (Lepidoptera: Satyridae)
Yadoriga 123:2-9. (in Japanese)

1998.12.05 - 2023.07.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.