Mycalesis visala visala  Moore, [1858]

Mycalesis visala visala ♂ Up. Mycalesis visala visala ♂ Un. Mycalesis visala visala ♀ Up. Mycalesis visala visala ♀ Un.
♂ (dsf), Phrae, Thailand. ♀ (dsf), Nan, Thailand.
Mycalesis visala visala ♂ Up. Mycalesis visala visala ♂ Un. Mycalesis visala visala ♀ Up. Mycalesis visala visala ♀ Un.
♂, Tak, Thailand. ♀, Nan, Thailand.
Mycalesis visala visala ♂ Up. Mycalesis visala visala ♂ Un. Mycalesis visala visala ♀ Up. Mycalesis visala visala ♀ Un.
♂, Mae Hong Son, Thailand. ♀ (dsf), Phrae, Thailand.
Mycalesis visala visala ♂ Up. Mycalesis visala visala ♂ Un. Mycalesis visala visala ♀ Up. Mycalesis visala visala ♀ Un.
♂ (dsf), Ranong, Thailand. ♀ (dsf), Ranong, Thailand.

ON : Mycalesis visala Moore, [1858]
OD : in Horsfield & Moore, Cat. lep. Ins. Mus. East India Co. (1):230.
TL : Darjeeling ; Bootan ; N.India. (NHML)
Distribution : India to Myanmar, Thailand (Ranong and Northward),
Laos.

● ssp.visala
ssp.phamis
Mycalesis visala visala map

Synonym

Calysisme indistans Moore, 1880 : Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 28(4):164. TL. Calcutta.


Type Materials Information

visala : Syntype 1♂ 2♀, Darjeeling, Bootan & N.India. (♀,Rh2739, ♀,Rh4087, NHML)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Mycalesis visala neovisala ; Godfrey,1927 : 122. (N)
Mycalesis visala neovisala ; Godfrey,1930 : 249. (Chiang Rai)
Mycalesis visala visala ; Aoki & Yamaguchi,1984 : 53-54. (Chiang Mai: Fang; Tam Tab Tao; Mae Sa Nam Tok; Chiang Rai: Wing Pa Pao; Tak: Doi Musso; Chanthaburi: Pon Nham Ron)
Mycalesis visala phamis ; Aoki & Yamaguchi,1984 : 54-55, fig.27,♂. (Ranong: Ranong) (in part)
Mycalesis visala visala ; Pinratana,1988 : 23, pl.25, figs.57a♂,♀. (Chiang Mai; Nakhon Nayok; Tak; Chanthaburi)
Mycalesis visala phamis ; Pinratana,1988 : 23, pl.25, figs.57b♂,♀. (Ranong) (in part)
Mycalesis mineus macromalayana ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 268, pl.106, figs.S58b♂,♂(Un). (in part)
Mycalesis visala visala ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : pl.108, figs.S63a♂[♀],♂[♀](Un). (Chiang Mai; Doi Phu Kha)
Mycalesis mineus macromalayana ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 268, pl.106, figs.N93b♂,♂(Un). (in part)
Mycalesis visala visala ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 272, pl.108, figs.N98a♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Mai; Doi Phu Kha)
Mycalesis visala visala ; Okamoto et.al.,2013 : 9. (Kanchanaburi: Mae Klong Station)
Mycalesis visala visala ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 182, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Par Hom Pok; Phu Khiewo; Kao Soi Dao; Doi Musso; Mas Sohd)
Mycalesis visala phamis ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 182, figs.♂(Kam Puan),♂(Un,Kam Puan). (Ranong Hot Spring; Kam Puan; Muang Shone; Khlong Naka) (in part)

[ LAOS ]
Mycalesis visala f.neovisala ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1924 : 30. (Muong-You; Hat-Thoua; Son-Hat; Muong-Kop)
Mycalesis visala visala ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 64, pl.85, figs.7,♂,8,♂(Un). (Luang Prabang)
Mycalesis visala visala ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 211, pl.94, fig.♂. (Vang Vieng)
Mycalesis visala visala ; Uémura,2004 : 4, fig.21,map, fig.32,♂(dsf). (Vang Vieng)
Mycalesis visala visala ; Nimura & Wakahara,2005 : 44. (Namdhua; Laksao)
Mycalesis visala visala ; Uémura,2006 : 6, fig.30,map. (Namdhua; Lak Sao)
Mycalesis visala visala ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 49.


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 1♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 6♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phrae : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 3♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 2♂ 5♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Ranong : 5♂ 9♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Luang Phabang : 1♂ (photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally common in montane forest at low to moderate elevations (alt.450m - 1300m).
The population from Ranong, P.Thailand has been conventionally treated as ssp.phamis, however, it should be treated as the nominotypical subspecies due to its distinct dry-season form.


Literature

Horsfield, T. & Moore, F.,[1858] :
A catalogue of the Lepidopterous Insects in the Museum of the Honourable East-India Company. Vol.1.
London. East India Co.

Moore, F.,1880 : On the Asiatic Lepidoptera referred to the Genus Mycalesis ;
with descriptions of new genera and species.
Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 28(4):155-177.


1998.12.05 - 2022.06.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.