Eurema andersonii andersonii  (Moore, 1886)

Eurema andersonii andersonii ♂ Up. Eurema andersonii andersonii ♂ Un. Eurema andersonii andersonii ♀ Up. Eurema andersonii andersonii ♀ Un.
♂ (dsf), Ranong, Thailand. ♀ (dsf), Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand.
Eurema andersonii andersonii ♂ Up. Eurema andersonii andersonii ♂ Un. Eurema andersonii andersonii ♀ Up. Eurema andersonii andersonii ♀ Un.
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♀, Yala, Thailand.
Eurema andersoni sadanobui ♂ Up. Eurema andersoni sadanobui ♂ Un. Eurema andersoni sadanobui ♀ Up. Eurema andersoni sadanobui ♀ Un.
♂ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Eurema andersoni sadanobui ♂ Up. Eurema andersoni sadanobui ♂ Un. Eurema andersoni sadanobui ♀ Up. Eurema andersoni sadanobui ♀ Un.
♂ (wsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀ (wsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand.

ON : Terias andersonii Moore, 1886
OD : J. linn. Soc. Lond., Zool. 21(126):47-48, pl.4, fig.8,♂.
TL : "Sullivan Island; Elphinstone Island", Mergui. (♂, NHML)
Distribution : S.Myanmar, N.W. to P.Thailand,
Langkawi, W.Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra.
● ssp.sadanobui
ssp.andersonii
Eurema andersonii andersonii map

Type Materials Information

Lectotype ♂, Mergui Isls. designated by Yata,1990. (NHML) ; Yata,1991 : pl.9, figs.7(LT,♂), 8(LT,♂Un).
Paralectotype 1♀, Mergui Isls. designated by Yata,1990. (NHML) ; Yata,1991 : pl.10, figs.5(PLT,♀), 6(PLT,♀Un).
Paralectotypes 1♂, 9.Jan.1882., 1♀, 14.Jan.1884., "Merguin" [Mergui]. (NZC) ; Sheela et al.,2019 : 281, figs.♀,♀(Un), 282, figs.♂,♂(Un).


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Eurema andersonii andersonii ; Pinratana,1983 : 29, pl.23, figs.52,♂,♀. (in part)
Eurema ada iona ; Pinratana,1983 : pl.23, figs.♂,♀. (in part)
Eurema andersoni andersoni [sic] ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 178, pl.61, figs.Pi56a♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Khao Phanom Bencha; Ranong)
Eurema andersoni andersoni [sic] ; Jeratthitikul et al.,2009 : 8, figs.3H♂,3I♀. (Ranong: Ko Ra; Nakhon Si Thammarat: Khonom; Khao Krod Cave; Khao Sai)
Eurema andersoni [sic] sadanobui ; Jeratthitikul et al.,2009 : 8-9, figs.3J♂,3K♀. (Chiang Mai: Huay Hong Krai; Chiang Dao; Ratchaburi: Suan Phueng; Kanchanaburi; Prachuap Khiri Khan) (in part)
Eurema andersoni andersoni [sic] ; Les Day,2011-2022 : Samui Butterflies, fig.♂(Un). (Koh Samui)
Eurema andersonii andersonii ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 146, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Muang Shone; Khlong Naka; Kao Luang; Ka Chong; Than To WF.)
Eurema andersonii sadanobui ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 146, figs.♂(Kaeng Krachang),♂(Kaeng Krachang,Un),♀,(Ratchaburi)♀(Un,Ratchaburi). (Chiang Dao; Ban Salok; Doi Musso; Khlong Tariew; Sai York Noi; Erawan WF; Ratchaburi; Kaeng Krachang) (in part)
Eurema andersoni andersoni [sic] ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 178, pl.61, figs.Pi56a♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Khao Phanom Bencha; Ranong)
Eurema andersoni [sic] sadanobui ; Okamoto et al.,2013 : 6. (Kanchanaburi: Mae Klong Station)
Eurema andersonii andersonii ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2024- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs., Early Stages. (Chiang Mai) (accessed: 2024.04.13)
Eurema andersoni andersoni [sic] ; Küppers & Janikorn,2017 : 202-203, figs.Abb.Pi-097-099. (Phang Nga) (in part)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 7♂ 2♀ (incl. photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Kanchanaburi : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchaburi : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Ranong : 14♂ 3♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Surat Thani (Koh Tao) : 3♂ (photo by P.Kosierb).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Si Thammarat : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Trang : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Satun : 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Pattani : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala 5♂ 7♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is common in montane forests at low to moderate elevations (Alt. 10 - 1000m). Both sexes visit flowers and males frequently come to the banks of streams and puddles to suck water.
The continental taxon in this region has been previously treated as ssp.sadanobui. However, the populations from western to northern Thailand have the same characteristics as the nominotypical subspecies. For this reason, these are treated as ssp.andersonii, and ssp.sadanobui is assumed to have a distribution east of central Thailand. Since the populations in northern Laos have not been examined, they are tentatively included in 'sadanobui', but further taxonomic study is needed.


Literature

Moore, F.,1886 : List of the Lepidoptera of Mergui and Its Archipelago, collected for the Trustees of the Indian Museum, Calcutta, by Dr. John Anderson
J. linn. Soc. Lond., Zool. 21(126):29-60, pls.3,4.

Yata, O.,1991 : A Revision of the Old World Species of the Genus Eurema Hübner (Lepidoptera, Pieridae).
Part 2. Description of the smilax, the halape, the ada and the sari (part) groups
Bull. Kitakyushu Mus. Nat. Hist. 10:1-51, pl.1-21.


Eurema andersonii andersonii ♂ Eurema andersonii andersonii ♀
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

1996.10.31 - 2024.04.30.