Eurema sari sodalis  (Moore, 1886)

Eurema sari sodalis ♂ Up. Eurema sari sodalis ♂ Un. Eurema sari sodalis ♀ Up. Eurema sari sodalis ♀ Un.
♂ (dsf), Ranong, Thailand. ♀ (dsf), Ranong, Thailand.
Eurema sari sodalis ♂ Up. Eurema sari sodalis ♂ Un. Eurema sari sodalis ♀ Up. Eurema sari sodalis ♀ Un.
♂ (wsf), Tak, Thailand. ♀ (wsf), Kampot, Cambodia. (photo by K.Saito)
Eurema sari sodalis ♂ Up. Eurema sari sodalis ♂ Un. Eurema sari sodalis ♂ Up. Eurema sari sodalis ♂ Un.
♂ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂ (wsf), Chanthaburi, Thailand.

ON : Terias sodalis Moore, 1886
OD : J. linn. Soc. Lond., Zool. 21(126):45.
TL : King Island ; Pataw Island, Mergui. (NHML)
Distribution : S.Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia,
Vietnam, W.Malaysia, Aur, Pemanggil, Singapore,
Borneo, Sumatra, Palawan.
Eurema sari sodalis map

Synonym

Terias sari obucola Fruhstorfer,1910 : in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 9:170. TL. S.Borneo ; Palawan. (♂♀, NHML)


Type Materials Information

sodalis ;
Lectotype ♂, Mergui Isls., designated by Yata,1990. (NHML) ; Yata,1992 : pl.2, figs.5(LT,♂), 6(LT,♂Un).
Paralectotype 1♀, Feb.82. Mergui Isls., designated by Yata,1990. (NHML) ; Yata,1992 : pl.3, figs.1(PLT,♀), 2(PLT,♀Un).


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Terias sari ; Pendlebury,1923 : 27. (Nakhon Sri Thammarat: Khao Ram; Khao Luang)
Terias sari sodalis ; Godfrey,1930 : 230. (Muak Lek; Nakhon Sri Thammarat)
Terias sari sodalis ; Godfrey,1932a : 265. (P)
Eurema sari sodalis ; Pinratana,1983 : 30, pl.23, figs.56,♂,♀. (Chanthaburi; Nakhon Ratchasima; Petchaburi; Ranong; Phang Naga; Phuket; Nakhon Sri Thammarat; Pattani; Narathiwat)
Eurema sari sodalis ; Yata,1992 : 7. (Trang: Trang)
Eurema sari sodalis ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 178, pl.61, figs.Pi55,♂,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Chanthaburi; Trat; Krabi; Yala: Than To; Ranong)
Eurema sari sodalis ; Jeratthitikul et al.,2009 : 9, figs.3L♂,3M♀. (Chanthaburi; Kanchanaburi; Trang: Na Bin Lang)
Eurema sari sodalis ; Les Day,2011-2022 : Samui Butterflies, fig.♂(Un). (Koh Samui; Koh Phangan) (accessed: 2022.12.07)
Eurema sari sodalis ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 145, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Kratchin WF; Pliewn WF; Kao Saverb; Doi Musso; Kam Puan; Khlong Naka; Ka Chong; Than To WF.)
Eurema sari sodalis ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 176, pl.61, figs.Pi55,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♂,♂(Un). (Chanthaburi; Trat; Krabi; Than To; Ranong)
Eurema sari sodalis ; Okamoto et al.,2013 : 6. (Kanchanaburi: Mae Klong Station)
Eurema sari sodalis ; Küppers & Janikorn,2017 : 203, figs.Abb.Pi-101-102. (Phang Nga)
Eurema sari sodalis ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2018- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Chanthaburi; Trat; Yala) (accessed: 2024.04.13)

[ CAMBODIA ]
Eurema sari sodalis ; Shirôzu & Yata,1973 : 130-131, pl.6, figs.5,♂,6,♂(Un) (Kampot)
Eurema sari sodalis ; Yata,1992 : 7. (Kampot, Tuk Chhov)
Eurema sari sodalis ; Monastyrskii et al.,2011 : 128. (Phnom Samkos W.S.)
Eurema sari sodalis ; Kosterin,2019 : 91. (Koh Kong; Preah Sihanouk)
Eurema sari sodalis ; Chartier & Kosterin,2022 : 114. (Koh Kong; Kampot; Preah Sihanouk; Siem Reap)

[ VIETNAM ]
Terias sari sodalis ; Moulton,1923 : 133. (Pulo Condore)
Terias sari sari ; Metaye,1957 : 87. ('N' / 'C ' / S)
Eurema sari sodalis ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 18. (S: Con Son Is.)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Chiang Mai : 5♂ (incl. photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 3♂ 1♀ (incl. photo by D.Sargeant).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Kanchanaburi : 1♀ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 2♂ (incl. photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchaburi : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Ranong : 4♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phangnga : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Surat Thani (Koh Phangan) : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Si Thammarat : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Krabi : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Trang : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 8♂ 3♀ (incl. photo by S.Atdhabhan and S.Sophonviwatkul).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Narathiwat : 3♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ CAMBODIA ]
Kampot : 4♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally common in montane forests at low to moderate elevations (Alt. 30 - 850m). Both sexes visit flowers and males frequently come to the banks of streams and puddles to suck water.


Literature

Moore, F.,1886 : List of the Lepidoptera of Mergui and Its Archipelago, collected for the Trustees of the Indian Museum, Calcutta, by Dr. John Anderson
J. linn. Soc. Lond., Zool. 21(126):29-60, pls.3,4.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1910 : 2. Familie: Pieridae in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9
169-176. (4.Apr.1910)

Shirôzu, T. & Yata, O.,1973 : The Genus Eurema of South Viet-Nam and Cambodia
Sieboldia 4(3):121-135.

Yata, O.,1992 : A Revision of the Old World Species of the Genus Eurema Hübner (Lepidoptera, Pieridae).
Part 3. Description of the sari group (part)
Bull. Kitakyushu Mus. Nat. Hist. 11:1-77, pl.1-30.


Eurema sari sodalis ♂ Eurema sari sodalis ♂
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♂, Chanthaburi, Thailand.
Eurema sari sodalis ♂ Eurema sari sodalis ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

1996.10.31 - 2024.04.30.