Chilasa agestor agestor  (Gray, 1831)

Papilio agestor agestor ♂ Up. Chilasa agestor agestor ♂ Un. Chilasa agestor agestor ♀ Up. Chilasa agestor agestor ♀ Un.
♂, Nan, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Chilasa agestor agestor ♂ Up. Chilasa agestor agestor ♂ Up. Chilasa agestor agestor ♀ Up. Chilasa agestor agestor ♀ Up.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Rai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Chilasa agestor agestor ♂ Up. Chilasa agestor agestor ♂ Un. Chilasa agestor agestor ♂ Up. Chilasa agestor agestor ♂ Un.
♂, Chaiyaphum, Thailand. ♂, Lam Dong, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito)
Chilasa agestor agestor ♂ Up. Chilasa agestor agestor ♂ Un. Chilasa agestor agestor ♀ Up. Chilasa agestor agestor ♀ Un.
♂, Ha Giang, Vietnam. (photo by A.M.Cotton) ♀, Ha Giang, Vietnam. (photo by A.M.Cotton)
Chilasa agestor agestor ♂ Up. Chilasa agestor agestor ♂ Un. Chilasa agestor agestor ♂ Up. Chilasa agestor agestor ♂ Un.
♂, Ha Giang, Vietnam. (photo by A.M.Cotton) ♂, Ha Giang, Vietnam. (photo by A.M.Cotton)
Chilasa agestor agestor ♂ Up. Chilasa agestor agestor ♂ Un. Chilasa agestor agestor ♂ Up. Chilasa agestor agestor ♂ Un.
♂, Vinh Phuc, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito) ♂, Bolikhamxai, Laos. (photo by K.Saito)

ON : Papilio agestor Gray, 1831
OD : Zool. Miscell. 1831:32.
TL : 'Sumatra' [loc.err.]
Distribution : Nepal, Sikkim to Myanmar, Thailand,
Laos, Vietnam, S.Yunnan.

● ssp.agestor
ssp.teruyoae
Chilasa agestor agestor map

Synonyms

Papilio agestor senchalus Fruhstorfer, 1909 : Ent. Zeit. 22(45):190. TL. Sikkim ; Bhutan. (♂, NHML)
Papilio agestor cresconius Fruhstorfer, 1909 : Ent. Zeit. 22(45):190. TL. Upper Burma ; Assam. (♂, NHML)
Papilio agestor agestorides Fruhstorfer, 1909 : Ent. Zeit. 22(45):190. TL. Lou-Tse-Kiang, SW.China. (♂, NHML)
Papilio agestor ouvrardi Bang-Haas, 1927 : Horae Macrolepidopterologicae regionis palaearcticae. 1:1. TL. Yunnan (Oui Siou, Wei-Si ; Petschong). (MNHU) (homonym)
Chilasa agestor inaokai Funahashi, 2003 : Wallace 8:5-6, pl.2, fig.4.(HT,♂),(HT,♂Un[Up]). TL. near Dalat, 1800m, S.Vietnam. (♂, in coll. A.Funahashi)


Type Materials Information

senchalus ; ♂, Type HT (red), #149281, Sikkim, Trockenzeit. H.Fruhstorfer (NHML, examined)
cresconius ; ♂, Type, #149282, Upper Burma. H.Fruhstorfer (NHML, examined)
agestroides ; ♂, Type HT (red), #149283, 1901. Lou-tse-Kiang. R.P.Genestier (NHML, examined)
ouvrardi ; ♂, Syntype, Jan.1917. Oui-Siou Wei-Si, Yunnan. designated by C.Hauser,1996. (MNHU, photo examined)
inaokai ;
Holotype ♂, Apr.1996. near Dalat, 1800, S.Vietnam. A.Shinkai leg. (in coll. A.Funahashi)
Paratypes ; 18♂ 1♀, near Dalat, alt.1800m. (in coll. A.Funahashi; Morita; Itoh)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Papilio agestor agestor ; Godfrey,1927 : 119. (Chiang Mai: Doi Suthep; Khun Than)
Papilio agestor agestor ; Godfrey,1930 : 209. (Khun Than; Chiang Mai: Doi Suthep)
Chilasa agestor agestor ; Pinratana,1977 : 21, figs.P15,♂,♂(Un). (N / NE)
Chilasa agestor agestor ; Pinratana & Eliot,1992 : 18,40, pl.19, fig.16,♂. (Chiang Mai; Chaiyaphum)
Chilasa agestor agestor ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 98, pl.21 figs.P43,♂,♀. (Phu Khieo; Chiang Dao)
Chilasa agestor agestor ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 118, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♂,♂(Un). (Doi Pha Hom Pok; Doi Ankaan; Doi Suthep; Chiang Dao; Phu Khiewo)
Papilio agestor agestor ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 98, pl.21 figs.P40,♂,♀. (Phu Khieo; Chiang Dao)
Papilio agestor agestor ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Chiang Mai) (accessed: 2021.11.23)

[ LAOS ]
Papilio agestor f.agestor ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 9. (M.Em)
Chilasa agestor agestor ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 45. (Vang Vieng)
Chilasa agestor agestor ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 200, pl.8, figs.♂,♂,♀. (Phong Saly; Lak Sao; Xam Neua)
Papilio agestor agestor ; Cotton & Racheli,[2007] : 324-325. (Phou Phan; Xam Neua; Lak Sao)
Chilasa agestor agestor ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 41.

[ VIETNAM ]
Papilio agestor agestor ; Jordan,1908-1909 : 41. (Upper Tonkin)
Papilio agestor f.agestor ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 9. (Haut Tonkin)
Papilio agestor agestor ; Metaye,1957 : 81. (N)
Chilasa agestor ; Shinkai,1999 : 51. (S: near Dalat)
Chilasa agestor agestor ; Monastyrskii,2007 : 39-40, pl.8, figs.1a♂,1b♂. (N: Hoang Lien; Van Ban; Na Hang; Muong Hum / C: Huong Son; Ngoc Linh; Hon Ba; Bi Doup/Nui Ba; near Da Lat) (in part)
Chilasa agestor agestor ; Miyazaki et al.,2010 : 20, fig.Pa-43,♂. (Lam Dong: Gung Re)
Chilasa agestor agestor ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 12. (N / C to Lam Dong)
Chilasa agestor agestor ; Yokochi et al.,2015 : 39. (Khanh Hoa: Hon Ba)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Rai : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 9♂ 6♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lampang : 5♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 1♂ (photo by A.Giudici).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chaiyaphum : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Khammouan : 3♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Houaphan : 2♂ (photo by K.Phongpiyamit)
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Ha Giang : 5♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yen Bai : 2♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Vinh Phuc : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lam Dong : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally common in montane forest at low to high elevations (alt. 450m - 2200m) with a single generation in a year. In flight, it mimics Parantica sita and Parantica melaneus (Danainae) very well. Males are often territorial in open spaces such as forest edges or hilltops and fly in circles for long hours in their territorial space.
The populations from Sikkim to N.Vietnam have highly individual variation, which is more pronounced than geographic variation. For this reason, I am treating them all as nominotypical subspecies.
Populations from Myanmar to Thailand tend to have more developed hindwing white markings, especially basal white marking in space 7 of UnH is well developed and prominent. On the other hand, in populations from S.Yunnan, Laos and N.Vietnam, hindwing white markings are reduced and many individuals lack the basal white marking in space 7 on the UnH or if present, it is thin and indistinct. Populations in C.Vietnam are much closer to the populations in Thailand than N.Vietnam. However, it is not possible to clearly separate each population. Furthermore, some examples from Ha Giang, N.Vietnam slightly approach ssp.teruyoae and seem to be a transition zone.


Literature

Gray, G.R.,1831 : Description of eight new species of Indian Butterflies from the collection of General Hardwike.
Zool. Miscell. (J.E.Gray) 1831:32-33.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1909 : Neue Rassen von Papilio agestor Gray.
Ent. Zeit. 22(45):190.

Bang-Haas, O.,1927 : Horae Macrolepidopterologicae regionis palaearcticae. I.
xxviii, 128 pp., 11 pls., Dr. O. Staudinger & A. Bang-Haas, Dresden-Blasewitz.

Funahashi, A.,2003 : Description of a new subspecies of Chilasa agestor Gray, 1832 from near Dalat, S.Vietnam.
in Butterflies of Vietnam part.2., Descriptions of 19 New subspecies of Butterflies from Vietnam.
Wallace 8:5-6, pl.2.


Chilasa agestor agestor ♂ Chilasa agestor agestor
♂, Lampang, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Chilasa agestor agestor ♂ Chilasa agestor agestor ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Chilasa agestor agestor ♂ Chilasa agestor agestor ♂
♂ (territorial behavior), Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Chilasa agestor agestor ♂ Chilasa agestor agestor ♂
♂(right) vs Chilasa epycides, Lampang, Thailand. ♂(right) with Calinaga sudassana, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Chilasa agestor agestor ♂ Chilasa agestor agestor ♂
♂(left) with Parantica melaneus, Lampang, Thailand. ♂(left) with Graphium xenocles, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Chilasa agestor agestor ♂ Chilasa agestor agestor ♂
♂, Houaphan, Laos. (photo by K.Phongpiyamit)

1996.09.26 - 2022.05.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.