Papilio paradoxa aenigma  Wallace, 1865

Papilio paradoxa aenigma ♂ Up. Papilio paradoxa aenigma ♂ Un. Papilio paradoxa aenigma ♀ Up. Papilio paradoxa aenigma ♀ Un.
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♀, Ranong, Thailand. (photo by E.Ikari)
Papilio paradoxa aenigma ♂ Up. Papilio paradoxa aenigma ♂ Un. Papilio paradoxa aenigma ♂ Up. Papilio paradoxa aenigma ♂ Un.
♂, Ranong, Thailand. ♂, Narathiwat, Thailand. (photo by A.M.Cotton)

ON : Papilio aenigma Wallace, 1865
OD : Trans. linn. soc. Lond. 25(1):60, pl.7, fig.3,♂.
TL : Malacca ; Sumatra. (♂, NHML)
Distribution : P.Thailand (Ranong and Southward),
W.Malaysia, {Singapore}, Sumatra, Banka.
● ssp.telearchus
Papilio paradoxa aenigma map


Papilio butleri Janson, 1879 : Cistula Entomologica 2:433, pl.8, fig.3. TL. Malacca. (♂, NHML)
Papilio caunus aegialus Distant, 1883 : Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5)12:352. TL. Singapore.
Papilio velutinus Butler, 1885 : Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5)16:343. TL. Sumatra. (♂, NHML)
Papilio butleri fuscus Hagen, 1892 : Berl. ent. Z. 37(2):155. TL. Banka.
Papilio penomimus Martin, 1895 : Tagsschmett. Nord.-Sumatra [1]:2-5. TL. N.E.Sumatra. (♀, NHML)
Papilio paradoxus telesicles ♂ab. distanti Rothschild, 1895 : Novit. zool. 2(3):373. TL. Malacca.
Papilio paradoxus telesicles ♀ab. nepticula Rothschild, 1895 : Novit. zool. 2(3):374. TL. Malacca.
Papilio paradoxus telesicles ♀ab. haasei Rothschild, 1895 : Novit. zool. 2(3):375. TL. Malacca.
Chilasa paradoxa aenigma ♀f. andromima Eliot, 1980 : Malay Nat. J. 33(3/4):139, fig.1,♀,2,♀(Un). TL. Selangor, Malay Pen.(♀, NHML)
Chilasa paradoxa aenigma ♂f. eucyanoides Eliot, 1980 : Malay Nat. J. 33(3/4):140, fig.3,♂. TL. Selangor, Malay Pen.(♂, NHML)

Type Materials Information

aenigma ; ♂, Type (red), Rh10901, #149304, Sumatra. Hewitson Coll. (NHML, examined)
butleri ; ♂, Type, E.Indies (?Malacca). (NHML, examined)
velutinus ; ♂, Type (red), Rh10902, Sumatra. Hewitson Coll. (NHML, examined)
penomimus ; ♀, Type, Battak Mts., N.E.Sum., III-94, Dr.Martin. (NHML, examined)

Records taken from Literature

Chilasa paradoxa aenigma ; Pinratana,1977 : 28, pl.28, fig.P19,♀[♂]. (Thailand)
Chilasa paradoxa aenigma ; Pinratana & Eliot,1992 : 20,41, pl.23, fig.20b♂(f. aenigma) ; pl.24, figs.20b♂,♀(f. aegialus). (Ranong; Trang; Yala)
Chilasa paradoxa aenigma ; RDPB & DNP,2006-2008 : Butterflies in Hala-Bala Forest, fig.[♂](Un). (Narathiwat: Hala Bala) (last update: 2006.12.29 ; accessed: 2024.04.10)
Chilasa paradoxa aenigma ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 100, pl.23, figs.P47b♂,♀(f. aegialus),♂(f. aenigma),♀(f. haasei). (Ranong; Trang; Yala)
Chilasa paradoxa aenigma ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 121, figs.f. aenigma♂,♂(Un); f. aegialus♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Khlong Naka; Kam Puan)
Papilio paradoxa aenigma ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 102, pl.23, figs.P44b♂(f. aegialus),♀(f. aegialus),♂(f. aenigma),♀(f. haasei). (Ranong; Trang; Yala)
Papilio paradoxa aenigma ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Phang Nga; Nakhon Si Thammarat; Yala) (accessed: 2023.05.16)
Chilasa paradoxa aenigma ; Küppers & Janikorn,2017 : 155, figs.Abb.Pa-072-073. (Phang Nga)

Specimens Examined

Ranong : 5♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Surat Thani : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 5♂ (incl. photo and photo by P.Sukkit and S.Atdhabhan).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Narathiwat : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


The butterfly is locally not rare in montane forests at low to moderate elevations (Alt. 30 - 800m). Males frequently come to the banks of streams and puddles to suck water.
Both sexes are polymorphic, with f. aenigma very similar to Euploea mulciber and f. aegiatus to Euploea radamantus. In flight, they are indistinguishable.


Wallace, A.R.,1865 :
On the phenomena of variation and geographical distribution as illustrated by the Papilionidae of the Malayan Region.
Trans. linn. Soc. Lond. 25(1):1-71, pls.1-8.

Janson, O.E.,1879 : Descriptions of two new Eastern species of the genus Papilio.
Cistula Entomologica. 2:433-434, pl.8, figs.2,3.

Distant, W.L.,1883 : Contributions to a Knowledge of Malayan Entomology. Part II.
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5)12:351-353.

Butler, A.G.,1885 : On a collection of Lepidoptera made at Manipur and on the borders of Assam by Dr.George Watt.
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5)16:298-310, 334-347, pl.8.

Hagen, B.,1892 : Beitrag zur Kenntniss der Rhopaloceren der Insel Banka.
Berl. ent. Z. 37(2):139-158.

Martin, L.,1895 : Einige neue Tagschmetterlinge von Nordost Sumatra [1]:1-7.

Rothschild, L.W.,1895 : A revision of the Papilios of the Eastern Hemisphere, exclusive of Africa.
Novit. zool. 2(3):167-463, pl.4.

Eliot, J.N.,1980 : New Information on the butterflies of the Malay Peninsula.
Malay Nat. J. 33(3/4):137-155, 16 figs.

Eliot, J.N.,1992 : In Corbet & Pendlebury. The Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula, edn. 4.
Malayan Nature Society, Kuala Lumpur.

Papilio paradoxa aenigma ♂ Papilio paradoxa aenigma ♂
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♂, Yala, Thailand. (photo by S.Atdhabhan)
Papilio paradoxa aenigma ♂ Papilio paradoxa aenigma ♂
♂, Yala, Thailand. (photo by P.Sukkit) ♂, Yala, Thailand.
Papilio paradoxa aenigma larva
Larva, Yala, Thailand.

1996.09.26 - 2024.04.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.