Junonia orithya ocyale  (Hubner,[1822])

Junonia orithya ocyale ♂ Up. Junonia orithya ocyale ♂ Un. Junonia orithya ocyale ♀ Up. Junonia orithya ocyale ♀ Un.
♂, Nan, Thailand. ♀, Nan, Thailand.
Junonia orithya ocyale ♂ Up. Junonia orithya ocyale ♂ Un. Junonia orithya ocyale ♀ Up. Junonia orithya ocyale ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chanthaburi, Thailand.
Junonia orithya ocyale ♂ Up. Junonia orithya ocyale ♂ Un. Junonia orithya ocyale ♀ Up. Junonia orithya ocyale ♀ Un.
♂, Trat, Thailand. ♀, Trat, Thailand.

ON : Junonia ocyale Hubner,[1822]
OD : Samml. exot. Schmett. 2:pl.[33], fig.1,♂,2,♂(Un),3,♀,4,♀(Un).
TL : Coromandel Coast.

Distribution : Afghanistan, India to Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos,
Vietnam, S.E.Tibet, S.Yunnan.

● ssp.ocyale
ssp.wallacei
Junonia orithya ocyale map

Synonyms

* Junonia alleni Kirby,[1900] ; in Hubner, Samml. exot. Schmett. (n.ed., Wytsman.): 246, figs.1,2.
Junonia swinhoei Butler,1885 : Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5)16:309.  TL. Mhow ; Poona, India.
Precis orithya hainanensis Fruhstorfer,1912 : in Seitz, Grossschmett Erde 9:522. TL. Hainan.
Precis orithya ocyale f.phycites Fruhstorfer,1912 : in Seitz, Grossschmett Erde 9:522. TL. Sikkim. (rainy season form)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Precis orithya ocyale ; Fruhstorfer,1912 : 522. (Siam)
Precis orithya ocyale ; Godfrey,1916 : 126.
Precis orithya ocyale ; Godfrey,1927 : 123. (N)
Precis orithya ocyale ; Godfrey,1930 : 272. (Prae: Me Song forest; Muak Lek; Chonburi: Sriracha; Kambengpet [Kamphaeng Phet])
Precis orithya magna ; Davidson & Macbeth,1938 : 73. (Prayao: Me Tum forest; Lampang: Me Chang)
Precis orithya ocyale ; Pinratana,1979 : 25, figs.N35a♂,♀. (Chiang Mai; Loei; Chanthaburi; Kanchanaburi; Saraburi; Nonthaburi)
Junonia orithya ocyale ; Pinratana & Eliot,1996 : 33, pl.15, figs.38a♂,♀. (Chiang Mai; Nong Khai; Loei; Phisanulok; Nakhon Nayok; Nakhon Ratchasima; Kanchanaburi; Chonburi; Chanthaburi; Rayong; Saraburi; Petchaburi)
Junonia orithya ocyale ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 25, fig.66,♂. (Mukdahan: Ban Na Lak)
Junonia orithya ocyale ; Katsuyama et al.,2005 : 69, fig.142,♂. (Umphang: Tha-Sai)
Junonia orithya ocyale ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 370, pl.159, figs.N39a♂,♂(Un),♀. (Pak Chong)
Junonia orithya ocyale ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 502, pl.223, figs.N387a♂,♂(Un),♀. (Pak Chong)
Junonia orithya ocyale ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs., Early Stages. (Nakhon Nayok; Chanthaburi) (accessed: 2021.09.18)
Junonia orithya ocyale ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 59, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Suthep; Thung Saleng Luang; Phu Kradung; Bung Khan; Nakohn Nayork; Wan Nam Khiewo; Kao Soi Dao; Bang Phra; Kao Chamaoh; Sai York Noi; Kaeng Krachan)

[ LAOS ]
Junonia orithya ocyale ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 55, pl.50, figs.3,♂,4,♂(Un),5,♀,6,♀(Un). (Pakse; Nam Moh)
Junonia orithya ocyale ; Osada, Uemura & Uehara,1999 : 205, pl.50, figs.♂,♀. (Xam Neua; Xiang Khouang)
Junonia orithya ocyale ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 44.

[ CAMBODIA ]
Junonia orithya ocyale ; Woodfield & Murton,2006 : figs,♀,♀(Un). (Botum Sakor NP.)
Junonia orithya ; Onodera,2009 : 63. (Mondolkiri: Bousra)

[ VIETNAM ]
Junonia orithya ; Joannis,1901 : 321. (Tonkin: Cao Bang)
Precis orithya ocyale ; Fruhstorfer,1912 : 522. (Tonkin / Annam)
Precis ocyale ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1919 : 227. (Annam / Tonkin)
Precis orithya ; Lemee,1950 : 12. (Hagiang / Sontay)
Precis orithya orithya f.aest.orithya ; Metaye,1957 : 94. (N / C / S)
Precis orithya orithya f.hib.isocratia ; Metaye,1957 : 94. (N / C / S)
Precis orithya ocyale ; Metaye,1957 : 94. (N / C)
Junonia orithya ; Lien,2003 : 57. (Phu Quoc)
Junonia orithya ocyale ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006b : 17, figs.N-26,♂,♀,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri)
Junonia orithya ocyale ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 33. (N / C / S: to Lam Dong)
Junonia orithya ocyale ; Saito et al.,2017 ; 81. (S: Nui Cam)
Junonia orithya ocyale ; Monastyrskii,2019 : 4(1):125-126, pl.29, figs.1a♂,1b♂(Un),1c♀. (N: Muong Nhe; Hoang Lien; Ba Be; Na Hang; Tam Dao; Ba Vi; Huu Lien; Cuc Phuong / C: Ben En; Kon Plong; Kon Ka Kinh; Bi Doup; Cat Tien; Da Teh; Yok Don / S: Cat Tien; Lo Go Xa Mat)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Chiang Mai : 4♂ 1♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 3♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Kanchanaburi : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 4♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Trat : 3♂ 3♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Phong Saly : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Houaphan : 1♂ 1♀ (photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Xieng Khouang : 1♂ 1♀ (photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Khammouan: 1♀ (photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
The butterfly is locally common in dry grass field, open land and secondary forest at low to moderate elevations (alt.10m - 600m). Male makes a territory on the ground.

Literature

Hubner, J.,[1819]-[1827] : Sammlung Exotischer Schmetterlinge.
2:[221] pls.

Butler, A.G.,1885 : On a collection of Lepidoptera made at Manipur and on the borders of Assam by Dr.George Watt.
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5)16:298-310, 334-347, pl.8.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1912 : 6. Familie: Nymphalidae in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9
521-528. (21.May.1912)

Junonia orithya ocyale ♂ Junonia orithya ocyale ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Junonia orithya ocyale ♂
♂ (territorial behavior), Chiang Mai, Thailand.

2008.02.29 - 2021.09.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.