Junonia lemonias lemonias  (Linnaeus,1758)

Junonia lemonias lemonias ♂ Up. Junonia lemonias lemonias ♂ Un. Junonia lemonias lemonias ♀ Up. Junonia lemonias lemonias ♀ Un.
♂, Ranong (dsf), Thailand. ♀, Lampang (dsf), Thailand.
Junonia lemonias lemonias ♂ Up. Junonia lemonias lemonias ♂ Un. Junonia lemonias lemonias ♀ Up. Junonia lemonias lemonias ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Phetchaburi, Thailand.

ON : Papilio lemonias Linnaeus,1758
OD : Syst. Nat. (ed.10) 1:473.
TL : "Indiis" [Canton, S.China].

Distribution : India to Myanmar, Thailand, Laos,
Cambodia, Vietnam, Hainan, China, Langkawi, W.Malaysia.
Junonia lemonias lemonias map

Synonyms

Papilio aonis Linnaeus,1758 : Syst. Nat. (ed.10) 1:472. TL. "Asia"
Precis lemonias f.persicaria Fruhstorfer,1912 : in Seitz, Grossschmett Erde 9:520. TL. Cashmere ; Ceylon ; Siam ; S.Annam.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Precis lemonias f.persicaria ; Fruhstorfer,1912 : 520. (Siam)
Precis lemonias aenaria ; Godfrey,1916 : 126.
Precis lemonias ; Pendlebury,1923 : 37-38. (Nakhon Sri Thammarat: Khao Ram; Tai Sai River)
Precis lemonias lemonias ; Godfrey,1927 : 123. (N)
Precis lemonias ; Godfrey,1930 : 272. (except P)
Precis lemonias ; Godfrey,1932a : 268. (P)
Precis lemonias aenaria ; Davidson & Macbeth,1938 : 73. (Lampang: Me Htam forest; Prayao: Me Tum forest)
Precis lemonias lemonias ; Pinratana,1979 : 24, figs.N34,♂(dsf),♂(dsf,Un),♂(wsf),♂(wsf,Un). (Chiang Mai; Bangkok; Nakhon Nayok; Nonthaburi; Nakhon Pathom)
Precis lemonias lemonias ; Pinratana,1979 : 24, figs.N34s♂(ab.). (Nakhon Pathom)
Junonia lemonias lemonias ; Pinratana & Eliot,1996 : 33, pl.14, figs.37,♂,♀. (Chiang Mai; Chaiyaphum; Nakhon Nayok; Bangkok; Kanchanaburi; Chanthaburi; Chonburi; Trang)
Junonia lemonias lemonias ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2000 : 254, fig.87.♂. (Mukdahan: Phu Sa Duak Bua ; Phu Pha Phung ; Ban Naudom)
Junonia lemonias lemonias ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 25. (Mukdahan: Ban Lao Kram; Ban Na Lak)
Junonia lemonias lemonias ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 50. (Mukdahan: Ban Lao Kram; Phu Hin Khan; Phu Huai Sing; Ubon Ratchathani: Nam Tok Soi Sawan)
Junonia lemonias lemonias ; Katsuyama et al.,2005 : 69, fig.141.♂. (Umphang)
Junonia lemonias lemonias ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 370, pl.159, figs.N38,♂,♂(Un). (Bangkok; Nakhon Pathom)
Junonia lemonias lemonias ; Les Day,2011- : Samui Butterflies, figs. (Koh Samui; Koh Phangan) (accessed: 2021.09.18)
Junonia lemonias lemonias ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 500, pl.223, figs.N386,♂,♂(Un). (Bangkok; Nakhon Pathom)
Junonia lemonias lemonias ; Okamoto et.al.,2013 : 9. (Kanchanaburi: Mae Klong Station)
Junonia lemonias lemonias ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs., Early Stages. (Bangkok; Chachoengsao; Chanthaburi; Trat) (accessed: 2021.09.21)
Junonia lemonias lemonias ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 59, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Chieng Dao; Doi Suthep; Doi Inthanon; Phu Khiewo; Sarika; Nakohn Nayork; Wan Nam Khiewo; Kratching WF; Bang Phra; Bangkok; Doi Musso; Sai York Noi; Erawan WF; Kuwai Yai; Kanchanaburi; Ka Chong; Thaleban)
Junonia lemonias lemonias ; Chaianunporn & Chaianunporn,2019 : 86. (Chaiyaphum: Chulabhorn Dam)

[ LAOS ]
Junonia lemonias lemonias ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 55, pl.49, figs.7,♂,8,♂(Un) ; pl.50, figs.1,♀,2,♀(Un). (Luang Prabang; Tha Ngone; Pakse; Nam Moh; Vientiane; Nam Ngum Dam)
Junonia lemonias lemonias ; Osada, Uemura & Uehara,1999 : 205, pl.50, figs.♂,♀. (Thakhek)
Junonia lemonias lemonias ; Nimura & Wakahara,2005 : 41. (Thakhek)
Junonia lemonias lemonias ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 44.

[ CAMBODIA ]
Junonia lemonias ; Onodera,2008 : 58. (Mondolkiri: Bousra)
Junonia lemonias lemonias ; Monastyrskii et al.,2011 : 129. (Phnom Samkos W.S.)

[ VIETNAM ]
Junonia lemonias ; Joannis,1901 : 321. (Tonkin: Cao Bang)
Precis lemonias f.persicaria ; Fruhstorfer,1912 : 520. (S.Annam)
Precis persiccata [sic] ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1919 : 227. (Annam)
Precis lemonias f.persicaria ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1924 : 37. (S.Annam)
Precis lemonias aenaria ; Godfrey,1919 : 467. (S: Daban)
Precis lemonias aenaria ; Moulton,1923 : 130. (Pulo Condore)
Precis aonis ; Lemee,1950 : 12. (Hanoi)
Precis lemonias lemonias f.aest.lemonias ; Metaye,1957 : 94. (N / C / S)
Precis lemonias lemonias f.hib.aonis ; Metaye,1957 : 94. (N / C / S)
Precis lemonias persicaria ; Metaye,1957 : 94. (C)
Junonia lemonias lemonias ; Hao et al.,2004 : 6, 60, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Junonia lemonias ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 41. (Thua Thien Hue: Huong Thuy; Bach Ma)
Junonia lemonias lemonias ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006b : 17, figs.N-25.♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri ; Dai Duc Me)
Junonia lemonias lemonias ; Nihira,2009 : 99. (Phu Quoc)
Junonia lemonias lemonias ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 33. (N / C / S)
Junonia lemonias lemonias ; Saito et al.,2017 ; 81. (S: Nui Cam; Nui Coto; Nui Ket)
Junonia lemonias lemonias ; Monastyrskii,2019 : 4(1):124-125, pl.28, figs.3a♂,3b♀. (N: Muong Nhe; Ba Be; Cuc Phuong / C: Ben En; Vu Quang; Phong Nha; Huong Thuy; Ba To; Kon Plong; Kon Ka Kinh; Cat Tien; Da Teh; Bao Lam; Binh Chau; Yok Don; Chu Yang Sin; Nui Chua / S: Cat Tien; Con Dao)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 10♂ 2♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lampang : 3♂ 2♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 1♂ 2♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Bangkok : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chonburi : 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchaburi : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Ranong : 3♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Xieng Khouang : 1♀ (photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Vientiane : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
The butterfly is very common in dry grass field, open land and secondary forest at low to moderate elevations (alt.100m - 1300m).

Literature

Linnaeus, C.,1758 : Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis.
Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. (Edition 10). 1(Animalia):[iv]+824pp.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1912 : 6. Familie: Nymphalidae in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9
513-520. (14.May.1912)

Junonia lemonias lemonias ♂ Junonia lemonias lemonias ♀
♂ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Junonia lemonias lemonias ♂ Junonia lemonias lemonias ♂+♀
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂+♀, Lampang, Thailand.

2008.02.29 - 2021.09.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.