Junonia almana almana   (Linnaeus,1758)


ON : Papilio almana  Linnaeus,1758
OD : Syst. Nat. (ed.10) 1:472.
TL : "Asia" [Canton, S.China].

Distribution : Sri Lanka, India to Myanmar, Andamans, Thailand,
Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Hainan, China, Taiwan, S.Japan,
Malay Pen., Sumatra, Simeulue, Nias, Banjak, Java, Bali, Lombok,
Sumba, Sumbawa, Palawan, Philippines.


Synonyms

Papilio asterie  Linnaeus,1758 : Syst. Nat. (ed.10) 1:472. TL. India.
Junonia asterie var. javana  C. Felder,1862 : Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien. 12:487.  TL. Batavia (Java).
Junonia asterie var.sumbae  Doherty,1891 : J. asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt.2. 60(2):172.  TL. Sumba ; Sumbawa.
* Precis xerophylla  Roepke,1938 : Rhopal. Javan. :265. TL: Java.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Junonia almana almana : Fruhstorfer,1906 : 352. (Siam)
Precis almana almana ; Godfrey,1916 : 126.
Precis almana javana ; Pendlebury,1923 : 38. (Nakhon Sri Thammarat: Khao Ram)
Precis almana almana ; Godfrey,1927 : 123. (North)
Precis almana almana ; Godfrey,1930 : 272. (except Pninsular)
Precis almana javana ; Godfrey,1932a : 268. (Peninsular)
Precis almana javana ; Reeves,1966 : 15. (Nakhon Nayok: Khao Yai)
Precis almana almana ; Pinratana,1979 : 23, fig.N33,‰(DSF),‰(DSF,Un),‰(WSF),‰(WSF,Un).
  (Chiang Mai / Bangkok / Nonthaburi / Tak)
Junonia almana almana ; Pinratana,1996 : 33, pl.14, fig.36a,‰,Š.
  (Chiang Mai / Tak / Nakhon Nayok / Bangkon / Chanthaburi / Rayong)
Junonia almana javana ; Pinratana,1996 : 33, pl.14, fig.36b,‰. (Songkhla)
Junonia almana almana ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 25, fig.65‰.
  (Mukdahan: Ban Lao Kram ; Phu Huay Sing ; Nam Tok Tad Ton ; Nam Tok Kham Cha I ; Ban Na Lak / Ubon Ratchathani: Ban Na Pho Krang ; Phu Chong Na Yoi ; Kaeng Tana ; Nam Tok Soi Sawan ; Kaeng E-Keow)
Junonia almana almana ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 50. (Mukdahan: Ban Lao Kram ; Phu Hin Khan ; Nam Tok Tad Ton)
Junonia almana almana ; Katsuyama et al.,2005 : 69, fig.139‰. (Umphang)
Junonia almana almana ; Katsuyama et al.,2006 : 49, fig.107Š. (Nan: Ban Nam Poon)
Junonia almana almana ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 370, pl.159, fig.N37a,‰,‰(Un),‰(dsf). (Bangkok)
Junonia almana javana ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 370, pl.159, fig.N37b,‰,‰(Un),‰. (Krabi / Hat Yai)

[ LAOS ]
Junonia almana almana ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 55, pl.49, figs.3‰(dsf),4‰(dsf.Un),5‰(wsf),6‰(wsf.Un). (no data)
Junonia almana almana ; Osada, Uemura & Uehara,1999 : 205, pl.50, figs.‰,‰(dsf). (Xam Neua / Oudomxay)
Junonia almana almana ; Nimura & Wakahara,2005 : 41. (Namdhua / Thabeng / Thakhek / Nhahin / Laksao / Nakai)

[ CAMBODIA ]
Junonia almana almana ; Woodfield & Murton,2006 : figs,Š,Š(Un). (Botum Sakor NP.)

[ VIETNAM ]
Junonia almana ; Joannis,1901 : 321. (Tonkin: Cao Bang)
Junonia almana almana : Fruhstorfer,1906 : 352. (Tonkin / Annam)
Precis almana almana ; Fruhstorfer,1912 : 519. (Tonkin)
Precis almana almana ; Godfrey,1919 : 467. (South: Daban)
Precis almana almana ; Moulton,1923 : 130. (Pulo Condore)
Precis asterie ; Lemee,1950 : 12. (Hagiang)
Precis almana ; Lemee,1950 : 12. (Hagiang / Langson)
Precis almana almana f.hib.almana ; Metaye,1957 : 94. (North / Central / South)
Precis almana almana f.aest.asterie ; Metaye,1957 : 94. (North / Central / South)
Junonia almana almana ; Ikeda et al.,2000 : 30, fig.3:5‰(WSF),6‰(WSF,Un),fig.7‰(DSF),8‰(DSF,Un), fig.9:16(‰,genitalia). (Cuc Phuong)
Junonia almana ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 40. (Thua Thien Hue: A Luoi; Huong Thuy)
Junonia almana almana ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006b : 17, figs.N-23‰,Š. (Lam Dong: Gung Re / Dong Nai / Bin Thuan: Dong Tien)
Junonia almana almana ; Nihira,2009 : 99. (Phu Quoc)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
 Mae Hong Son, Ban Na Plachat.     1984.03.12       1Š   Y.Inayoshi    (YI)
 Mae Hong Son, Mae Hong Son.       1993.01.25   1‰       P.Sukkit      (YI)
 Mae Hong Son, Pai.                1991.10.29   1‰       Y.Inayoshi    (YI)
 Chiang Mai, Doi Suthep.           1987.02.01   2‰       A.Wakaumi     (YI)
 Chiang Mai, Doi Suthep.           1983.03.01   1‰       Y.Inayoshi    (YI)
 Chiang Mai, Doi Suthep.           1990.03.11   1‰       K.Yasuda      (YI)
 Nan, Doi Phu Kha.                 1991.03.--   1‰       Local Catcher (YI)
 Ranong, Muang Chone.              1987.04.17   1‰       T.Sakai       (YI)
 Nakhon Sri Thammarat, Ka Rom WF.  1992.03.12       1Š   S.Ruangrit    (YI)
 Nakhon Sri Thammarat, Ka Rom WF.  1992.03.13   1‰       Y.Inayoshi    (YI)
 Nakhon Sri Thammarat, Ka Rom WF.  1992.03.13       1Š   S.Ruangrit    (YI)

Notes
Literature

Linnaeus, C.,1758 : Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis.
Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. (Edition 10). 1(Animalia):[iv]+824pp.

Felder, C.,1862 : Verzeichniss der von den Naturforschern der K.K.Fregatte "Novara" gesammelten Macrolepidopteren.
Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 12:473-496.

Doherty, W.,1891 : The Butterflies of Sumba and Smbawa, with some Account of the Island of Sumba.
J. asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt.2. 60(2):141-197, pl.2.

2008.02.29 - 2011.02.28.