Horaga syrinx maenala  (Hewitson, 1869)

Horaga syrinx maenala ♂ Up. Horaga syrinx maenala ♂ Un. Horaga syrinx maenala ♂ Up. Horaga syrinx maenala ♂ Un.
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♂, Yala, Thailand.
Horaga syrinx maenala ♂ Up. Horaga syrinx maenala ♂ Un. Horaga syrinx maenala ♂ genitaia Horaga syrinx maenala ♂ genitaia
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♂ genitaia, Yala, Thailand.

ON : Myrina maenala Hewitson, 1869
OD : Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (4):(Suppl.) 7, pl.3, figs.85,♂(Un),86,♂.
TL : Borneo. (♂, NHML)
Distribution : P.Thailand, Langkawi, W.Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra,
Bangka, Borneo.

● ssp.moulmeia
ssp.maenala
Horaga syrinx maenala map

Synonyms

Horaga halba Distant, 1886 : Rhop. Malayana :460, pl.44, fig.23. TL. Penang.
Horaga corniculum Druce, 1895 : Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1895(3):611, pl.34, fig.8,♂,♂(Un). TL. Kina Balu.
Horaga affinis Druce, 1895 : Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1895(3):611, pl.34, fig.9,♂,♂(Un). TL. Kina Balu ; Labuan.


Type Material Information

Holotype ♂, Borneo. (NHML)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
'Horaga syrinx moulmeina ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 678, pl.310, figs.L335,♂,♂(Un). (in part)'
'Horaga amethysta purpurescens ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 678, pl.310, figs.L336,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Ranong)'
Horaga syrinx moulmeina ; Les Day,2011-2022 : Samui Butterflies, figs. (Koh Samui) (accessed: 2022.07.30)
'Horaga syrinx moulmeina ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : pl.328, figs.L359,♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀(right),♀(right,Un). (in part)'
Horaga syrinx maenala ; Saito & Inayoshi,2018 : 36, figs.83,♂,♂(Un). (Yala)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Surat Thani (Koh Phangan dist.) : 1♂ 1♀ (incl.photo by A.Giudici).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 6♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally common in montane forest at moderate elevations (Alt.20m - 700m). Males are territorial on trees at hilltops and occur sympatrically with Horaga onyx sardonyx. Time of male activity is different between the two species. In syrinx from about 11:00 to 14:30 while in onyx from about 15:00 to 16:00.
Cowan,1966 regarded the record from Ranong by Godfrey,1930 as ssp.moulmeina. However, the possibility of ssp.maenala is also considered and needs to be confirmed by reliable specimens.


Literature

Hewitson, W.C.,1863-1878 : Illustrations of diurnal Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae.
London, van Vorst. x+229pp. and 14a-14h, Suppl. 1-47; pls. (108, numbered;)
1-85, 88-92, 3a,3b,3c, Suppl.I-VII, Ia, Ib, IIIa, IIIb, IVa, Va, Vb. In 8 parts.

Distant, W.L.,1882-1886 : Rhopalocera Malayana : a Description of the Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula.
London, Author, Penang, Logan : xvi+482+[4]pp, 46 pls.

Druce, H.H.,1895 : A Monograph of the Bornean Lycaenidae
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1895 (3):556-627, pl.31-34.

Cowan, C.F.,1966 : Indo-oriental Horagini (Lepidoptera : Lycaenidae).
Bull. Brit. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 18(4):103-141, 3 pls.


Horaga syrinx maenala ♂ Horaga syrinx maenala ♂
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♂, Yala, Thailand.
Horaga syrinx maenala ♂ Horaga syrinx maenala ♀
♂, Surat Thani (Koh Phangan), Thailand. (photo by A.Giudici) ♀, Surat Thani (Koh Phangan), Thailand. (photo by A.Giudici)

1999.07.18 - 2022.07.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.