Horaga onyx sardonyx  Fruhstorfer, 1914

Horaga onyx sardonyx ♂ Up. Horaga onyx sardonyx ♂ Un. Horaga onyx sardonyx ♀ Up. Horaga onyx sardonyx ♀ Un.
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♀, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand. (photo by E.Ikari)
Horaga onyx sardonyx ♂ Up. Horaga onyx sardonyx ♂ Un. Horaga onyx sardonyx ♀ Up. Horaga onyx sardonyx ♀ Un.
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♀, Surat Thani, Thailand. (photo by A.Guidici)
Horaga onyx sardonyx ♂ Up. Horaga onyx sardonyx ♂ Un. Horaga onyx sardonyx ♂ genitalia Horaga onyx sardonyx ♂ genitalia
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♂ genitalia, Yala, Thailand.

ON : Horaga moulmeina sardonyx Frunstorfer, 1914
OD : Deut. ent. Z. Iris 28(1):33.
TL : Mt.Battak, N.E.Sumatra. (♂, NHML)
Distribution : P.Thailand (Koh Phangan and Southward),
Langkawi, W.Malaysia, {Singapore}, Sumatra, Borneo,
Bangka.

● ssp.onyx
ssp.sardonyx
Horaga onyx sardonyx map

Type Material Information

sardonyx ; Holotype ♂, N.E.Sumatra. (NHML)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Horaga onyx onyx ; Les Day,2011-2022 : Samui Butterflies, fig. (Koh Samui) (accessed: 2022.07.30)
Horaga onyx sardonyx ; Saito & Inayoshi,2018 : 36, figs.82,♂,♂(Un). (Yala)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Surat Thani (Koh Phangan dist.) : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Si Thammarat : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 4♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally common in montane forest at low to moderate elevationas (Alt.150m - 700m). Males are territorial on trees at hilltops and occur sympatrically with Horaga syrinx maenala in Yala. Time of male activity is different between the two species. In syrinx from about 11:00 to 14:30 while in onyx from about 15:00 to 16:00.


Literature

Fruhstorfer, H.,1914 : Neue Lycaenidae.
Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 28(1):33-35.

Cowan, C.F.,1966 : Indo-oriental Horagini (Lepidoptera : Lycaenidae).
Bull. Brit. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 18(4):103-141, 3 pls.


Horaga onyx sardonyx ♂
♂, Yala, Thailand.

1999.07.18 - 2022.07.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.