Allotinus subviolaceus subviolaceus  Felder & Felder, [1865]

Allotinus subviolaceus subviolaceus ♂ Up. Allotinus subviolaceus subviolaceus ♂ Un. Allotinus subviolaceus subviolaceus ♀ Up. Allotinus subviolaceus subviolaceus ♀ Un.
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♀, Ranong, Thailand.
Allotinus subviolaceus subviolaceus ♂ Up. Allotinus subviolaceus subviolaceus ♂ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. (photo by K.Saito)

ON : Allotinus subviolaceus Felder & Felder, [1865]
OD : Reise Fregatte Novara, Lep. Rhop. (2):286, pl.35, figs.27,♂,28,♂(Un).
TL : Java. (♂, NHML)
Distribution : Manipur, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Langkawi,
W.Malaysia, Tioman, {Singapore}, Borneo, Sumatra, Bangka, Java,
Palawan, Philippines.
Allotinus subviolaceus subviolaceus map

Synonyms

Allotinus alkamah Distant, 1886 : Rhop. malayana : 452, pl.44, fig.3, '♂' recte ♀. TL. Malay Pen. (♀)
Allotinus subviolaceus manychus Fruhstorfer, 1913 : Z. wiss. InsektBiol. 9(11):342. TL. Pegu, Birma. (♀, NHML)
Allotinus subviolaceus kallikrates Fruhstorfer, 1913 : Z. wiss. InsektBiol. 9(11):342. TL. Mindanao. (♂, NHML)
Allotinus subviolaceus silarus Fruhstorfer, 1914 : in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 9:808. TL. Borneo. (♂, NHML)


Type Materials Information

subviolaceus ; Lectotype ♂, Java. (NMML)
alkamah ; Holotype ♀, West Malaysia.
manychus ; Lectotype ♀, Burma. (NHML)
kallikrates ; Lectotype ♂, Mindanao, Philippines. (NHML)
silarus ; Lectotype ♂, Borneo. (NHML)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Allotinus subviolaceus subviolaceus ; Eliot,1986 : 15. (Thailand)
Allotinus subviolaceus manychus ; Pinratana,1981 : 29, pl.4, fig.21,♀(Un) ; pl.5, fig.4,♀. (Chaiyaphum)
Allotinus subviolaceus subviolaceus ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 544, pl.246, figs.L34,♂,♂(Un),♀(Malaysia) [photo from Eliot,1992]. (Chaiyaphum; Ranong; Yala)
Allotinus subviolaceus subviolaceus ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 558, pl.252, figs.L59,♂,♂(Un),♀(Malaysia) [photo from Eliot,1992]. (Chaiyaphum; Ranong; Yala)
Allotinus subviolaceus manychus ; Kimura et al.,2014 : 38, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Musso; Khlong Khavia)
Allotinus subviolaceus subviolaceus ; Kimura et al.,2014 : 38, figs.♀,♀(Un). (Than To WF.)
Allotinus subviolaceus manychus ; Inayoshi,2016 - 2021 : Butterflies in Indo-China. (by literature) (30.Sep.2021 last update. 31.Aug.2023 changed.)

[ LAOS ]
Allotinus subviolaceus manychus ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 214, pl.107, figs.♀,♀(Un). (Thakhek)
Allotinus subviolaceus subviolaceus ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 51.
Allotinus subviolaceus manychus ; Inayoshi,2016 - 2021 : Butterflies in Indo-China. (by literature) (30.Sep.2021 last update. 31.Aug.2023 changed.)

[ VIETNAM ]
Allotinus subviolaceus alkamah ; Inoué & Kawazoé,1965 : 347-348, pl.8, figs.61,♀,62,♀(Un). (Dong Nai: Trang Bom)
Allotinus subviolaceus subviolaceus ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,[2007] : 49, figs.L-8,♀. (Lam Dong: Madagui)
Allotinus subviolaceus manychus ; Inayoshi,2016 - 2021 : Butterflies in Indo-China. (by literature) (30.Sep.2021 last update. 31.Aug.2023 changed.)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Chiang Mai : 4♂ 1♀ (3♂ genitalia dissected).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Ranong : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 1♂ (genitalia dissected).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is uncommon in montane forests at low to moderate elevations (Alt. 30 - 870m). Males are territorial on trees or shrubs at hilltops and fly in circles for long hours in their territory.
Some authors have treated continental populations as ssp.manychus. However, these seem to be included in the nominotypical subspecies, as treated by Eliot (1986:14-15).
The specimens from Chiang Mai have rather different ground colour and markings on the underside. Further taxonomic study is needed.


Literature

Felder, C. & Felder, R.,1865-1875 :
Rhopalocera. In Reise der Osterreichischen Fregatte "Novara" um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Befehlen Commodore B. von Wullerstorf-Urbair. Zoologischer Theil. Zweiter Band:
Abtheilung. Wien : vi + 548 + [1] pp in 5 parts, 140 pls.

Distant, W.L.,1882-1886 : Rhopalocera Malayana : a Description of the Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula.
London, Author, Penang, Logan : xvi+482+[4]pp, 46 pls.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1913 : Uebersicht der Gerydinae und Diagnosen neuer oder verkannter Formen (Lep., Lyc).
Z. wiss. InsektBiol. 9(8/9):242-247, 9(10):307-310, 9(11):341-344, 9(12):367-371.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1914 : 8. Familie: Lycaenidae, 2. Subfamilie: Gerydinae in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9.
803-808. (24.Apr.1914)

Eliot, J.N.,1986 : A review of the Miletini (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae)
Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 53(1):1-105, 108 figs.


1999.07.24 - 2024.01.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.