Parantica melaneus   (Cramer,[1775])

melaneus ♂ Up. melaneus ♂ Un. melaneus ♀ Up. melaneus ♀ Un.
♂, 1991.10.12. Doi Phu Kha, Nan, Thailand. ♀, 1983.03.05. Doi Suthep, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
melaneus ♂ Up. melaneus ♂ Un. melaneus ♀ Up. melaneus ♀ Un.
♂, 1987.04.14. Muang Chone, Ranong, Thailand. ♀, 1987.04.15. Muang Chone, Ranong, Thailand.

ON : Papilio melaneus  Cramer,[1775]
OD : Uitl. Kapellen 1:48-49, pl.30, fig.D.
TL : "China" [Canton ?]



Distribution :
Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar,
Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, China, W.Malaysia,
Singapore, Borneo.
melaneus map

Synonyms

Hestia ephyre  Hubner,1816 : Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (1):15.
Danaida melaneus plataniston  Fruhstorfer,1910 : in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 9:210. TL. Sikkim, India.
Danaida melaneus plataniston f.neopatra  Fruhstorfer,1910 : in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 9:210. TL. Sikkim, India.
Danaida melaneus sinopion  Fruhstorfer,1910 : in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 9:210. TL. West Malaysia.


Type Materials Information

plataniston ; Syntypes 1♂ 1♀, Sikkim. Fruhstorfer. designated by H.Taylor,1988. (BMNH. examined.)
f.neopatra ; Syntype 1♂, Darjeeling, Sikkim. H.Fruhstorfer. designated by H.Taylor,1988. (BMNH. examined.)
sinopion ; Syntypes 4♂ 1♀, Malaka, Fruhstorfer, H.Frushtorfer. designated by H.Taylor,1988. (BMNH. examined.)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Danaida melaneus plataniston ; Fruhstorfer,1910 : 210. (Siam)
Danaida melaneus plataniston ; Pendlebury,1923 : 29. (Nakhon Sri Thammarat: Khao Ram ; Khao Luang)
Danais melaneus plataniston ; Godfrey,1916 : 118. (Prae: Me Song forest / Chonburi: Hup Bon)
Danaida melaneus plataniston ; Godfrey,1930 : 236. (Prae: Me Song forest / Chiang Rai / Chonburi: Sriracha / Hat Sanuk, S.W / Me Wong. West / Nakhon Sri Thammarat)
Danaida melaneus plataniston ; Godfrey,1932a : 266. (Peninsular)
Danaus melaneus sinopion ; Reeves,1966 : 13. (Nakhon Nayok: Khao Yai)
Danaus melaneus plataniston ; Pinratana,1977 : 72, fig.D11,♂,♂(Un). (all over)
Parantica melaneus plataniston ; Pinratana,1992 : 59,72, pl.73, fig.11,♂. (Chiang Mai / Chanthaburi / Nakhon Nayok / Nakhon Sri Thammarat / Ranong / Yala)
Parantica melaneus ; Koiwaya & Nishimura,1997 : 59,60, figs.1-4, 20-31. (Chiang Mai: Chiang Dao ; Tha Thon / Nan: Doi Phu Kha ; Ban Nam Avan / Lampang: Mae Mo / Uttaradit: Phu Soai Dao / Mae Hong Son: Ban Longhaeng / Tak: Umphang / Phetchaburi: Padeng / Trang: Khao Chong / Yala: Than To ; Ton Nga Chang)
Parantica melaneus plataniston ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 188, pl.66, fig.D11,♂,♂(Un),♀[♂],♀(Un)[♂(Un)]. (Chiang Mai: Chiang Dao / Phrae: Wang Chin / Phetchaburi: Kaeng Krachan)

[ LAOS ]
Parantica melaneus plataniston ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 52, pl.33, figs.3♂,4♂(Un). (Luang Prabang / Vang Vieng / Phatong)
Parantica melaneus ; Koiwaya & Nishimura,1997 : 59,60, figs.1-4, 20-31. (Xaignabouri: Doi Pee Ban Nam / Xieng Kouang: Ban Nam Hom ; Nong Het ; Xieng Kouang / Boli Kham Xai: Laksao ; Phong Sali)
Parantica melaneus ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 204, pl.43, fig.♂. (Phong Saly)
Parantica melaneus ; Onodera,2009b : 37. (Xieng Kouang: Nam Noen)

[ CAMBODIA ]
Danaida neopatra ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1919 : 221. (Cambodge)

[ VIETNAM ]
Danais melaneus ; Joannis,1901 : 316. (Tonkin: Cao Bang)
Parantica melaneus ; Koiwaya & Nishimura,1997 : 59,60, figs.1-4, 20-31. (Hoa Binh: Mai Chau / Vinh Phu: Tam Dao / Ninh Binh: Cuc Phuong / Lam Dong: Bao Loc)
Parantica melaneus plataniston ; Morishita,1970 : 65, fig.11,♂. (Blao / Bobla / Ding Quan / Banmethuot)
Parantica melaneus ; Ikeda et al.,1999 : 50,53, figs.2:1♂,2♂(Un),3♀,9:6(♂genitalia). (Cuc Phuong)
Parantica melaneus melaneus ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006 : 15, fig.D-10,♂. (Lam Dong: Dambri ; Dai Duc Me ; Gung Re)
Parantica melaneus melaneus ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2007c : 37, fig.D-10,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
 Chiang Mai, Chiang Dao.           1983.04.03   1♂       Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Chiang Mai, Doi Suthep.           1983.03.05   1♂  2♀  Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Nan, Doi Phu Kha.                 1991.03.--   2♂       Local Catcher (YI)
 Nan, Doi Phu Kha.                 1991.10.12   3♂       Local Catcher (YI)
 Nan, Doi Phu Kha.                 1991.10.18   1♂       Local Catcher (YI)
 Tak, Umphang.                     1994.03.20   1♂       Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Phetchaburi, Kaeng Kra Chan.      1993.03.23   1♂       P.Sukkit (YI)
 Ranong, Klong Nakha.              1987.04.21        1♀  Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Ranong, Muang Chone.              1994.01.02   1♂       S.Ruangrit (YI)
 Ranong, Muang Chone.              1987.04.14   1♂       Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Ranong, Muang Chone.              1987.04.14   4♂       Y.Shiraishi (YI)
 Ranong, Muang Chone.              1987.04.15   3♂  1♀  Y.Shiraishi (YI)
 Phuket, Tone Sai Waterfall.       1987.03.01   1♂       A.M.Cotton (YI)
 Nakhon Sri Thammarat, Ka Rom WF.  1992.03.13   1♂       Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Yala, Than To.                    1987.03.21        1♀  Y.Inayoshi (YI)

[ LAOS ]
 Xiang Khouang, Muang Phon Savan.  1993.06.22   1♂       P.Sukkit (YI)
 Muang Baw.                                     1♂       (BMNH)

[ CAMBODIA ]
 Bokor.                                         1♂  2♀  (BMNH)

[ VIETNAM ]
 Tonkin, Ngai-Tio.                              1♂       (BMNH)
 U.Tonkin, Van Bu.                              1♂       (BMNH)
 Annam, Suoidau.                                1♂       (BMNH)
 Lam Dong, Dambri.                 2003.09.19        1♀  K.Saito (KS)
 Lam Dong, Dambri.                 2003.09.20   1♂       K.Saito (KS)
 Lam Dong, Dambri.                 2003.12.28   1♂       K.Saito (KS)
 Lam Dong, Dambri.                 2002.12.29   1♂       K.Saito (KS)
 Lam Dong, Loc Tan.                2006.10.06   1♂       K.Saito (KS)

Notes
Literature

Cramer, P.,[1775]-[1776] :
Uitlandsche Kapellen. voorkomende in de drie Waereld-Deelen Asia, Africa en America, by een verzameld en bescreeven.
Amsterdam. Baalde, and Utrecht, Wild. 1(1-7):xxx + 16 + 132pp, pl.1-84, [1775] ; 1(8):133-156, pl.85-96,[1776]

Hubner, J.,1816-1826 : Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge.
Augsburg, Author. 431+72pp.

1998.11.15 - 2012.05.15.