Tirumala gautama gautama  (Moore, 1877)

Tirumala gautama gautama ♂ Up. Tirumala gautama gautama ♂ Un. Tirumala gautama gautama ♀ Up. Tirumala gautama gautama ♀ Un.
♂, Prachuap Khiri Khan, Thailand. ♀, Prachuap Khiri Khan, Thailand.
Tirumala gautama gautama ♂ Up. Tirumala gautama gautama ♂ Un. Tirumala gautama gautama ♀ Up. Tirumala gautama gautama ♀ Un.
♂, Bin Thuan, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito) ♀, Dong Nai, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito)

ON : Danais gautama Moore, 1877
OD : Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4)20:43.
TL : Henzada, Rangoon, Burmah.
Distribution : Myanmar, Thailand, Laos,
Cambodia, Vietnam, Hainan, China,
Langkawi.
Tirumala gautama gautama map

Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Danaida gautama gautama ; Godfrey,1930 : 235. (Huey Tak Sao)
Danaus gautama gautama ; Pinratana,1977 : 70, fig.D6,♀.
Tirumala gautama gautama ; Pinratana & Eliot,1992 : 57,71, pl.72, fig.6,♂[♀]. (Phuket)
Ideopsis vulgaris macrina ; RDPB & DNP,2006-2008 : Butterflies in Hala-Bala Forest, fig.[♀](Un). (Narathiwat: Hala Bala) (last update: 2006.12.22 ; accessed: 2024.04.30)
Tirumala gautama gautama ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 186, pl.65, figs.D6,♂,♂(Un). (Chanthaburi; Huey Sat Yai; Phuket)
Tirumala gautama gautama ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 186, pl.65, figs.N6,♂,♂(Un). (Huey Sat Yai; Chanthaburi; Phuket)
Tirumala gautama gautama ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 27, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un). (Kao Saverb; Nam Tok Tonesai)
Tirumala gautama gautama ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2022- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Chumphon) (accessed: 2022.12.07)

[ LAOS ]
Tirumala gautama gautama ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 204, pl.42, fig.♂. (Thakhek)
Tirumala gautama gautama ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 43.

[ CAMBODIA ]
Tirumala gautama ; Onodera,2007 : 24, fig.22,♀. (Rattanakiri: Ou Chum)
Tirumala gautama gautama ; Onodera,2022 : 127, pl.265, figs.♀,♀(Un). (Ratanakiri: Ou Chum)
Tirumala gautama gautama ; Chartier & Kosterin,2022 : 114. (Ratanakiri)

[ VIETNAM ]
Danaus gautama gautama ; Metaye,1958a : 155. (Dinh Quan: Bao Liet; Dong Nai: Trang Bom)
Danaus gautama gautama ; Metaye,1958b : 174. (S: Foret de Bao Liet; Foret de Dinh Quan; Trang Bom)
Tirumala gautama gautama ; Morishita,1970 : 65, fig.6,♂. (Dinh Quan; Trang Bom)
Tirumala gautama gautama ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006 : 15, fig.D-6,♂. (Bin Thuan: Dong Tien)
Tirumala gautama gautama ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2007c : 37, fig.D-6,♀. (Dong Nai: Thac Mai)
Tirumala gautama gautama ; Monastyrskii,2011 : 33, pl.4, figs.3,♂. (C: Phong Nha-Ke Bang; Yok Don / S: Cat Tien)
Tirumala gautama gautama ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 19. (C: Quang Binh / S)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Prachuap Khiri Khan : 5♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Surat Thani : 1♂ (photo by A.Giudici).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Bin Thuan : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Dong Nai : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally not rare in lowland forest, especially in mangrove forest at the seaside. Both sexes visit flowers.


Literature

Moore, F.,1877 : Descriptions of Asiatic Diurnal Lepidoptera.
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4)20:43-52.


Tirumala gautama gautama ♂
♂, Surat Thani, Thailand. (photo by A.Giudici)

1998.11.23 - 2024.05.31.