Polyura athamas athamas   (Drury,[1773])
athamas male Up. athamas male Un. athamas female Up. athamas female Un.
‰, 1991.04.--. Doi Phu Kha, Nan, Thailand. Š, 1989.09.25. Wang Chin, Phrae, Thailand.
athamas male Up. athamas male Un. athamas male Up. athamas male Un.
‰, 1991.06.--. Doi Phu Kha, Nan, Thailand. ‰, 1992.02.12. Doi Phu Kha, Nan, Thailand.
athamas male Up. athamas male Un. athamas male Up. athamas male Un.
‰, 1991.01.12. Doi Phu Kha, Nan, Thailand. ‰, 1992.03.19. Than To, Yala, Thailand.
athamas male Up. athamas male Un. athamas male Up. athamas male Un.
‰, 1992.04.15. Muang Chone, Ranong, Thailand. ‰, 1994.05.19. Muang Chone, Ranong, Thailand.

ON : * Papilio athamas  Drury,[1773]
OD : Ill. nat. Hist. Exot. Insects 1: index,5, pl.2, fig.4.
TL : China.



Distribution :
Sri Lanka, India, Nepal to Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam,
Hainan, S.China, Malay Pen.
athamas map


Synonyms

Charaxes bharata  Felder & Felder,[1867] : Reise Fregatte Novara, Lep. Rhop. (3):438.  TL. Darjeeling. (BMNH)
Charaxes samatha  Moore,[1879] : Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878(4):831.  TL. Moolai, Tenasserim.
Eulepis hamasta  Moore,1882 : Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1882(1):238.  TL. Dharmsala. (BMNH)
Eulepis athamas agrarius f.madeus  Rothschild,1899 : Novit. zool. 6:249. TL. Sri Lanka. (BMNH)
Eriboea athamas dexippus  Fruhstorfer,1914 : in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 9: 748. TL. S.Annam. (Geneva Mus.)


Type Material Information

bharata :
Lectotype ‰, Darjeeling. designated by R.L.Smiles,1979. (BMNH)
Paralectotype 1‰, Silhet, India. designated by R.L.Smiles,1979. (BMNH)
hamasta : Lectotype ‰, Dharmsala. designated by R.L.Smiles,1979. (BMNH)
madeus : Holotype ‰, Kandy. designated by R.L.Smiles,1977. (BMNH)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Eriboea athamas samatha ; Fruhstorfer,1914 : 719. (Ranong / Petchaburi)
Eulepis athamas ; Godfrey,1916 : 133.
Eriboea athamas samatha ; Pendlebury,1923 : 42. (Nakhon Sri Thammarat: Lan Saka ; Khao Luang)
Eriboea athamas samatha ; Godfrey,1927 : 124. (North)
Eriboea athamas samatha ; Godfrey,1930 : 301. (except Peninsular)
Eriboea athamas samatha ; Godfrey,1932a : 270. (Peninsular)
Polyura athamas samatha ; Reeves,1966 : 17. (Nakhon Nayok: Khao Yai)
Polyura athamas samatha ; Pinratana,1979 : 98, fig.N166, ‰,‰(Un).
  (Chanthaburi / Chonburi / Kanchanaburi / Nakhon Nayok / Nonthaburi / Ratchaburi / Trang)
Polyura athamas athamas ; Smiles,1984 : 167.
  (Doi Inthanon / [Klong Pong Kapo] / [Hue Tak So] / [Muok-Lek] / Phrae : [Me Sai Song] / Khlong Khlung / [Khao Sabab] / nr Chanthaburi : Hin Lap / [Luhang Prahang] / Bangkok / Ranong / Prauchuap : [Pak Tawan])
Polyura athamas athamas ; Pinratana,1996 : 98, pl.75, fig.187,‰,Š.
  (Chiang Mai / Chaiyaphum / Nakhon Ratchasima / Nakhon Nayok / Chonburi / Chanthaburi / Kanchanaburi / Ratchaburi / Trang / Yala)
Polyura athamas athamas ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2000 : 256, fig.115‰. (Mukdahan: Phu Sa Duak Bua ; Phu Mu)
Polyura athamas athamas ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 52. (Ubon Ratchathani: Phu Pung)
Polyura athamas athamas ; Katsuyama et al,2005 : 71, fig.177‰. (Umphang)
Polyura athamas athamas ; Katsuyama et al,2006 : 50, fig.125‰. (Nan: Ban Nam Poon)
Polyura athamas athamas ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 486, pl.217, fig.N200,‰,‰(Un),‰,‰(Un),Š[‰],Š(Un)[‰(Un)].
  (Kanchanaburi / Pathum Thani: Rangsit)

[ LAOS ]
Eriboea athamas athamas ; Fruhstorfer,1914 : 718. (Luang Prabang)
Eriboea athamas ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1919 : 233. (Laos)
Polyura athamas athamas ; Smiles,1984 : 167. ([Muang Baw] / Sekong River)
Polyura athamas samatha ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 62, pl.77, figs.3-4.
  (Vang Vieng / Phatong/ Tha Ngone / Vientiane / Luang Prabang / Ban Houei Sai / Nam Ngum Dam)
Polyura athamas athamas ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 208, pl.78, figs.‰,‰(f.hamasta),‰(Un)
  (Vang Vieng / Oudomxay / Nong Het)
Polyura athamas athamas ; Nimura & Wakahara,2005 : 44. (Namdhua / Thakhek / Nhahin)
Polyura athamas athamas ; Onodera,2009b : 35,36,39,43. (Vientiane: Namsong Riverside / Xieng Kouang: Muang Kham / Bolikhamxai: Thabok; Phon Si)

[ VIETNAM ]
Eriboea athamas athamas ; Fruhstorfer,1914 : 718. (Tonkin / S.Annam)
Eriboea athamas ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1919 : 233. (Annam / Tonkin)
Eriboea athamas athamas f.aest.athamas ; Metaye,1957 : 99. (North / Central / South)
Eriboea athamas athamas f.hib.hamasta ; Metaye,1957 : 99. (North / Central / South)
Polyura athamas athamas ; Smiles,1984 : 167.
  (Muong Khuoug / Tongkin: Yen Bai / Chiem Hoa / [Nam-Hou] / Xom Giong / [Nacham] / [Bac-Kan])
Polyura athamas athamas ; Ikeda et al.,2000 : 37, fig.8:5‰,6‰(Un), fig.9:46(‰,genitalia). (Cuc Phuong)
Polyura athamas athamas ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006b : 34, fig.N-111‰.
  (Lam Dong: Dai Duc Me / Dong Nai: Madagui ; Thac Mai)
Polyura athamas ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 42. (Thua Thien Hue: Nam Dong; A Luoi; Phong Dien; Bach Ma)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
 Mae Hong Son, Ban Ten Doi.      1992.01.30   1‰        C.Pensri       (YI)
 Mae Hong Son, Ban Huai Pung.    1993.02.10   1‰        P.Sukkit       (YI)
 Chiang Mai, Doi Suthep.         1983.03.04   1‰        Y.Inayoshi     (YI)
 Chiang Mai, Doi Suthep.         1983.03.05   2‰        Y.Inayoshi     (YI)
 Chiang Mai, Doi Suthep.         1983.03.09   2‰        Y.Inayoshi     (YI)
 Chiang Mai, Ban Mae Khong.      1994.03.17   1‰        Local Catcher  (YI)
 Chiang Mai, Ban Mae Khong.      1994.04.23   1‰        Local Catcher  (YI)
 Phrae, Wang Chin.               1989.09.25        1Š   Local Catcher  (YI)
 Nan, Doi Phu Kha.               1992.01.12   1‰        Local Catcher  (YI)
 Nan, Doi Phu Kha.               1992.02.17   1‰        Local Catcher  (YI)
 Nan, Doi Phu Kha.               1991.03.--   4‰        Local Catcher  (YI)
 Nan, Doi Phu Kha.               1991.03.12   1‰        Y.Inayoshi     (YI)
 Nan, Doi Phu Kha.               1991.04.--   2‰        Local Catcher  (YI)
 Nan, Doi Phu Kha.               1991.06.--   1‰        Local Catcher  (YI)
 Nan, Doi Phu Kha.               1991.08.--   1‰        Local Catcher  (YI)
 Umphang, Ya Mo Kwi.             1994.03.24   1‰        Y.Inayoshi     (YI)
 Ranong, Muang Chone.            1992.04.15   1‰        S.Ruangrit     (YI)
 Ranong, Muang Chone.            1994.05.19   1‰        S.Ruangrit     (YI)
 Yala, Than To.                  1992.03.19   1‰        Y.Inayoshi     (YI)
 Yala, Than To.                  1992.03.19   1‰        S.Ruangrit     (YI)

[ VIETNAM ]
 Lam Dong, Dai Duc Me.           2004.01.02   2‰        K.Saito  (KS)
 Lam Dong, Dai Duc Me.           2003.12.29   1‰        K.Saito  (KS)

Notes
Literature

Felder, C. & Felder, R.,1865-1875 :
Rhopalocera. In Reise der Osterreichischen Fregatte "Novara" um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Befehlen Commodore B. von Wullerstorf-Urbair. Zoologischer Theil. Zweiter Band:
Abtheilung. Wien : vi + 548 + [1] pp in 5 parts, 140 pls.

Moore, F.,1882 : List of the Lepidoptera collected by the Rev.J.H.Hocking chiefly in the Kangra District, N.W.Himalaya;
with Descriptions of new Genera and Species.
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1882(1):234-263, pls.11,12.

Moore, F.,[1879] : A list of the lepidopterous insects collected by Mr.Ossian Limborg in upper Tenasserim,
with descriptions of new species.
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878(4):821-859, 3 pls.

Rothschild, L.W. & Jordan, K.,1899 : A monograph of Charaxes and the allied Prionopterous genera. Part 2.
Novit. zool. 6:220-286, pl.7.

2006.12.09 - 2010.05.15.