Neope bhadra bhadra  (Moore, [1858])

Neope bhadra ♂ Up. Neope bhadra ♂ Un. Neope bhadra ♀ Up. Neope bhadra ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Neope bhadra ♂ Up. Neope bhadra ♂ Un. Neope bhadra ♀ Up. Neope bhadra ♀ Un.
♂, Nan, Thailand. ♀, Xiang Khouang, Laos. (photo by H.Onodera)

ON : Lasiommata bhadra Moore, [1858]
OD : In Horsfield & Moore,
Cat. lep. Ins. Mus. East India Co. (1):227-228.
TL : Darjiling. (NHML)
Distribution : Nepal, N.India, Myanmar, Thailand,
Laos, Vietnam, S.Yunnan, Guangxi.
Neope bhadra bhadra map

Synonyms

Lethe bhadra dsf.beata Talbot, 1947 : Fauna Brit. India (Butts) (ed.2) 2:236. TL. East Pegu.
Neope bhadra subflava Chou, 1994 : Monograph. Rhop. Sin. : 756, pl.344, figs.♂(HT),♂(HT,Un). TL. Mt.Dayaoshan, Guangxi.
Neope bhadra endohi Funahashi, 2003 : Wallace 8:11, pl.4, fig.15,♂(HT),♂(HT,Un). TL. Sa Pa, Lao Cai, N.Vietnam.


Type Materials Information

bhadra : Syntypes 4♂ 1♀ Darjiling. (NHML)
subflava : Holotype ♂,12.Jul.1982. Mt.Dayaoshan, Guangxi. Wang Zhuyin Coll. (GAA)
endohi :
Holotype ♂, May.1993. Sapa, Lao Cai, N.Vietnam. (in coll. A.Funahashi)
Paratypes : 21♂ 21♀, same locality as holotype. (in coll. A.Funahashi ; Morita)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Neope bhadra ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 254, pl.99, figs.S38,♂[♀],♂[♀](Un),♀[♂],♀[♂](Un). ('Doi Pha Hom Pok' [loc.err.])
Neope bhadra ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 252, pl.98, figs.N74,♂[♀],♂[♀](Un) ; pl.99, fig.N74,♀[♂],♀[♂](Un). ('Doi Pha Hom Pok' [loc.err.])
Neope bhadra ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, fig. (Kamphaeng Phet) (accessed: 2022.04.15)
Neope bhadra ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 174, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Mae Hong Son prov.)

[ LAOS ]
Neope bhadra f.bhadra ; Dubois & Vitalis,1924 : 29. (Na-Hon)
Neope bhadra ; Masui & Uehara,1997 : 6-7, pl.2, figs.7,♂,♂(Un). (Phong Sali)
Neope bhadra ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 210, pl.93, figs.♂,♀. (Phong Saly; Xam Neua)
Neope bhadra ; Uémura,2004 : 1, fig.4 map. (Phong Saly)
Neope bhadra ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 48.

[ VIETNAM ]
Neope bhadra ; Funahashi,2003 : 16. (Lao Cai: Sapa)
Neope bhadra ; Monastyrskii,2005 : 73-74, pl.19, figs.1a♂,1b♂(Un). (N: Tam Dao; Muong Hum; Liuet / C: Pu Hoat; Pu Mat; Ngoc Linh; Kon Plong)
Neope bhadra ; Miyazaki et al.,2010 : 24, figs.S-59,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Gung Re)
Neope bhadra bhadra ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 23. (N / C: to Lam Dong)
Neope bhadra ; Yokochi et al.,2015 : 40, 48, figs.34,♂,♂(Un),35,♀,♀(Un). (Khanh Hoa: Hon Ba)
Neope bhadra bhadra ; Saito & Vu,2020 : 27, figs.4,♀,4v♀(Un). (Lam Dong: Di Linh)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Chiang Mai (confined to Omkoi dist.) : 7♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 7♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Xiang Khouang : 1♂ 1♀ (photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phong Saly : 1♂ (photo by K.Phongpiyamit).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally not rare in montane forest at high elevations (Alt.1500m - 2200m).
Ek-Amnuay,[2007],2012 recorded this species from 'Doi Pha Hom Pok, Chiang Mai', however it is considered to be an erroneous location. In that area, Neope armandii is not rare but Neope bhadra has never been found until now.


Literature

Horsfield, T. & Moore, F.,[1858] :
A catalogue of the Lepidopterous Insects in the Museum of the Honourable East-India Company. Vol.1.
London. East India Co.

Talbot, G.,1947 : Fauna of British India, including Ceylon & Burma. Butterflies. 2. (Danaidae, Satyridae, Amathusiidae, Acraeidae) (ed.2).
London : xv + 506pp, tf.1-104, map, pls.1-2.

Chou, I. (ed.),1994 : Monographia Rhopalocerorum Sinensium.
2 vols., 854 pp. Henan Scientific and Technological Publishing House.

Funahashi, A.,2003 : Description of a new subspecies of Neope bhadra Moore, 1857 from Sapa, N.Vietnam.
in Butterflies of Vietnam part.2., Descriptions of 19 New subspecies of Butterflies from Vietnam.
Wallace 8:11, pl.4.


Neope bhadra ♂ Neope bhadra ♂
♂, Nan, Thailand. ♂, Phong Saly, Laos. (photo by K.Phongpiyamit)

1998.12.26 - 2022.04.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © Y.Inayoshi.