Pareronia valeria lutescens  (Butler, 1879)

Pareronia valeria lutescens ♂ Up. Pareronia valeria lutescens ♂ Un. Pareronia valeria lutescens ♀ Up. Pareronia valeria lutescens ♀ Un.
♂, Ranong, Thailand. ♀, Ranong, Thailand.
Pareronia valeria lutescens ♂ Up. Pareronia valeria lutescens ♂ Un. Pareronia valeria lutescens ♀ Up. Pareronia valeria lutescens ♀ Un.
♂, Ranong, Thailand. ♀, Ranong, Thailand.

ON : Nepheronia lutescens Butler, 1879
OD : Cistula Entomologica 2:431.
TL : Borneo ; Tenasserim.
Distribution : S.Myanmar, P.Thailand (Ranong and Southward),
Langkawi, W.Malaysia, Tioman, Aur, Singapore, Borneo, Sumatra.
Pareronia valeria lutescens map

Synonyms

Papilio philomela Fabricius, 1793 : Ent. syst. 3(1):57-58. TL. 'Indiis' [Pulau Salang (Phuket Is.)] (homonym)
Pareronia anais ♀-f.lutea Eliot, 1978 : Butts. Malay Penin. (3rd.ed.):467. (replacement name for Papilio philomela Fabricius).


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Pareronia valeria hippia ; Pendlebury,1923 : 28. (Nakhon Sri Thammarat: Lan Saka)
Pareronia valeria hippia ; Godfrey,1931 : 192. (Ko Tao)
Pareronia valeria hippia ; Godfrey,1932a : 265. (P)
Pareronia valeria lutescens ; Pinratana,1983 : 23, pl.18, figs.41,♂,♀. (Krabi; Ranong; Phuket; Trang; Yala)
Pareronia valeria lutescens ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 164, pl.54, figs.Pi44,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Krabi; Yala)
Pareronia valeria lutescens ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 153, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Kam Puan; Khlong Naka; Ka Chong; Than To WF.)
Pareronia valeria lutescens ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 164, pl.54, figs.Pi44,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Krabi; Yala)
Pareronia valeria lutescens ; Küppers & Janikorn,2017 : 199, figs.Abb.Pi-080-086. (Phang Nga)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Ranong : 9♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 1♂ (photo by S.Atdhabhan).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is common in secondary and montane forest at low to moderate elevations (Alt. 10 - 800m). Both sexes visit flowers. The females mimic Parantica aspasia (Danainae).
According to Eliot,1978, Papilio philomera is a synonym of anais and also a homonym. Therefore, he described a replacement name ♀-f.lutea. However, judging from the photo of the type specimen in Corbet & Pendlebury,1956, it seems to be definitely a female of Pareronia valeria.
Characteristics of anais female ; black stripe in the cell on the UpH and along vein 1c on the UpF are conspicuous, Yellow area on the UpH only into the base of cell and the part of space 2, and never covers the whole cell and around. On the other hand, valeria female ; black stripe in the cell on the UpH and along vein 1c on the UpF are obscure, yellow area on the UpH entirely covers the whole cell and around. Thus, I consider it should be a synonym of valeria.


Literature

Butler, A.G.,1879 : Descriptions of new Butterflies of the Indian Region.
Cistula Entomologica. 2:431-432, pl.8, fig.1.

Corbet, A.S.,1941 : Observations on Certain of the Fabrician Names onf Indo-Australian Rhopalocera (Lepid.)
Proc. R. ent. Soc. Lond. (B)10(6):98-106.

Cobert, A.S. & Pendlebury, H.M.,1956
The Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula: Second Edition Revised.
537 pp, 55 (partly col.)pls. London.

Cobert, A.S. & Pendlebury, H.M.,1978 (Revised by Eliot, J.N.)
The Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula, 3rd Edition.
577 pp, 438 figs, 35 pl. (29 in col.) Malayan Nature Society.

Eliot, J.N., 1992 : Cobert, A.S. & Pendlebury, H.M. (Revised by Eliot, J.N.), The Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula, 4th Edition.
x + 595 + [69] pp., 69pp. of plates (some col.). Malayan Nature Society.


Pareronia valeria lutescens ♂
♂, Yala, Thailand. (photo by S.Atdhabhan)

1996.10.31 - 2022.11.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.