Pareronia anais anais  (Lesson, 1837)

Pareronia anais anais ♂ Up. Pareronia anais anais ♂ Un. Pareronia anais anais ♀ Up. Pareronia anais anais ♀ Un.
♂, Bangkok, Thailand. ♀, Kanchanaburi, Thailand.
Pareronia anais anais ♂ Up. Pareronia anais anais ♂ Un. Pareronia anais anais ♀ Up. Pareronia anais anais ♀ Un.
♂, Mae Hong Son, Thailand. ♀, Lampang, Thailand.
Pareronia anais anais ♂ Up. Pareronia anais anais ♂ Un. Pareronia anais anais ♀ Up. Pareronia anais anais ♀ Un.
♂, Satun, Thailand. ♀, Chonburi, Thailand.

ON : Danais anais Lesson, 1837
OD : Voy. Thet. : 343, pl.44, fig.2,♀,♀(Un).
TL : 'Oceanie' [Langkawi, Malaysia].
Distribution : India to Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam,
Langkawi, W.Malaysia. (Kedah, Trengganu).
Pareronia anais anais map

Synonyms

Papilio hippia Fabricius, 1787 : Mantisa. Ins. 2:55. TL. Pulicandor [Pulo Condor]. (homonym)
Nepheronia hippia ♀ab.livilla Fruhstorfer, 1902 : Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 15:300. TL. Insel Bay Miu, S.Annam. (NHML)
Nepheronia valeria persides Fruhstorfer, 1903 : Berl. ent. Z. 48(1/2):98. TL. Than-Moi, Nord-Tonkin. (NHML)


Type Materials Information

livilla ; ♀, Type (red), Januar. Ins. bay Miu. H.Fruhstorfer (NHML, examined)
persides ; ♀, Type (red), Juni-Juli. Than Moi, Tonkin. (NHML, examined)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Pareronia valeria hippia ; Fruhstorfer,1910 : 178. (Siam)
Pareronia valeria hippia ; Godfrey,1916 : 116. (Pak Jong)
Pareronia valeria hippia ; Godfrey,1927 : 120. (N)
Pareronia valeria hippia ; Godfrey,1930 : 231. (all over)
Pareronia persides ♀f.livilla ; Davidson & Macbeth,1938 : 71. (Lampang)
Pareronia anais ; Pinratana,1983 : 23, pl.18, figs.40,♂,♀,♀(f.lutea). (Bangkok; Chachoengsao; Chaiyaphum; Chiang Mai; Chonburi; Loei; Mae Hong Song; Phetchabun; Kanchanaburi; Nakhon Nayok; Nakhon Ratchasima; Nakhon Sri Thammarat; Petchaburi; Nonthaburi; Ranong; Ratchaburi; Sakon Nakhon; Saraburi; Satun; Sukhothai; Trang; Uthai Thani; Lop Buri)
Pareronia anais anais ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2000 : 252, fig.52,♂. (Mukdahan: Phu Pha Thaep; Phu Sa Duak Bua; Phu Pha Phung; Phu Mu)
Pareronia anais anais ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 18. (Mukdahan: Ban Lao Kram; Phu Huay Sing; Ban Na Lak; Ban Gok Tum; Ubon Ratchathani: Kaeng E-Keow)
Pareronia anais anais ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 46. (Mukdahan: Nam Tok Tad Ton; Ubon Ratchathani: Nam Tok Soi Sawan; Phu Chong Na Yoi; Phu Pung; Don Far Huan)
Pareronia anais anais ; Katsuyama et al.,2006 : 46, fig.38,♂. (Nan: Ban Nam Poon)
Pareronia anais anais ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 162, pl.53, figs.Pi43,♂,♀(f.anais),♀(f.anais),♀(f.lutea),♀(f.lutea,Un),♀(f.lutea). (Bangkok; Kanchanaburi; Khao Khieo; Ratchaburi; Chiang Mai: Doi Pui)
Pareronia anais anais ; Les Day,2011-2022 : Samui Butterflies, figs. (Koh Samui; Koh Phangan) (accessed: 2022.10.15)
Pareronia anais anais ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 152, figs.♂,♂(Un), f.anais♀,♀(Un), f.lutea♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Dao; Thung Saleng Luang; Phu Khiewo; Wan Nam Khiewo; Wang Keo; Kao Chamaoh; Kao Soi Dao; Sai York Noi; Erawan WF; Kuwai Yai; Kanchanaburi; Ratchaburi; Kaeng Krachan)
Pareronia anais anais ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 162, pl.53, figs.Pi43,♂,♀,♀,♀(f.lutea),♀(Un),♀(f.lutea). (Bangkok; Kanchanaburi; Khao Khieo; Ratchaburi; Doi Pui)
Pareronia anais anais ; Okamoto et al.,2013 : 6. (Kanchanaburi: Mae Klong Station)
Pareronia anais anais ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Nakhon Ratchasima; Sa Kaeo; Chanthaburi) (accessed: 2022.10.15)
Pareronia anais anais ; Chaianunporn & Chaianunporn,2019 : 87. (Chaiyaphum: Chulabhorn Dam)

[ LAOS ]
Pareronia philomela ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1919 : 220. (Laos)
Pareronia anais anais ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 50, pl.25, figs.5,♂,6,♂(Un),7,♀,8,♀(Un). (Tha Ngone; Vientiane; Luang Prabang; Ban Houei Sai; Nam Ngum Dam)
Pareronia anais anais ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 202, pl.39, figs.♂,♀,♀. (Thakhek; Nhahin)
Pareronia anais anais ; Nimura & Wakahara,2005 : 39. (Namdhua; Thakhek)
Pareronia anais anais ; Onodera,2009b : 34-35,42. (Vientiane: Namsong Riverside; Bolikhamxai: Nahin)
Pareronia anais anais ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 43.
Pareronia anais anais ; Onodera,2022 : pl.72, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un), text:18. (Khammouan; Champasak)

[ CAMBODIA ]
Pareronia anais ; Onodera,2007 : 22,24,25,26,27, figs.13,♂,14,♀. (Rattanakiri: Poy; Ou Chum; Siem Reap: Phnum Kuhlen)

[ VIETNAM ]
Pareronia persides ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1919 : 220. (Tonkin)
Pareronia persides ; Lemee,1950 : 63. (Saigon)
Pareronia valeria persides ; Metaye,1957 : 87. (N / C / S)
Pareronia valeria persides f.♀livilla ; Metaye,1957 : 87. (N / C / S)
Pareronia anais ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 39. (Thua Thien Hue: Bach Ma)
Pareronia anais anais ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006 : 14, figs.Pi-23,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri; Dai Duc Me; Madagui; Dong Nai: Thac Mai; Bin Thuan: Dong Tien)
Pareronia anais anais ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 17. (N / C / S)
Pareronia anais anais ; Saito et al.,2017 ; 77. (S: Nui Cam; Nui Coto)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 14♂ 3♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 10♂ 2♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lampang : 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 4♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchabun: 2♂ 2♀ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Kanchanaburi : 4♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Bangkok : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chonburi : 1♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 5♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Trat : 2♂ (photo by E.Ikari).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Prachuap Khirikhan : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Si Thammarat : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Satun : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Xieng Khouang : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Champasak : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Lam Dong : 3♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Dong Nai : 3♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Bin Thuan : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is common in secondary and montane forest at low to moderate elevations (Alt. 10 - 1100m). Both sexes visit flowers, and males occasionally come to the banks of streams and puddles to suck water. The females are dimorphic and both forms mimic Danainae species such as Parantica aglea, agleoides and aspasia.


Literature

Fabricius, J.C.,1793 : Entomologia systematica emedata et aucta. secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, adjectis synonymis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus.
3(1): [iv] + 488 pp. Copenhagen. C.G.Proft.

Lesson, R.P.,1837 : Journal de la Navigation autour du Globe de la Fregate la Thetis et de la Covervette l'Esperance pendant les Annees 1824, 1825 et 1826 in Bougainville, Voyage Thetis
2:1-351, pl.1-56.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1902 :
Verzeichniss der in Tonkin, Annam und Siam gesammelten Pieriden und Besprechung verwandter Formen.
Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 15:269-305.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1903 : Neue Pieriden und Uebersicht verwandter Formen.
Berl. ent. Z. 48(1/2):97-111.

Corbet, A.S.,1941 : Observations on Certain of the Fabrician Names onf Indo-Australian Rhopalocera (Lepid.)
Proc. R. ent. Soc. Lond. (B)10(6):98-106.

Cobert, A.S. & Pendlebury, H.M.,1978 (Revised by Eliot, J.N.)
The Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula, 3rd Edition.
577 pp, 438 figs, 35 pl. (29 in col.) Malayan Nature Society.


Pareronia anais anais ♂ Pareronia anais anais ♀
♂, Phetchabun, Thailand. ♀, Phetchabun, Thailand.
Pareronia anais anais ♂ Pareronia anais anais ♀
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Pareronia anais anais ♂♀ Pareronia anais anais ♂
♂ and ♀, Phetchabun, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

1996.10.31 - 2022.11.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.