Appias pandione lagela  (Moore, [1879])

Appias pandione lagela ♂ Up. Appias pandione lagela ♂ Un. Appias pandione lagela ♀ Up. Appias pandione lagela ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Appias pandione lagela ♂ Up. Appias pandione lagela ♂ Un. Appias pandione lagela ♀ Up. Appias pandione lagela ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Appias pandione lagela ♂ Up. Appias pandione lagela ♂ Up. Appias pandione lagela ♀ Up. Appias pandione lagela ♀ Up.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Mae Hong Son, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

Appias pandione lagela ♂ Up. Appias pandione lagela ♂ Un. Appias pandione lagela ♀ Up. Appias pandione lagela ♀ Un.
♂, Surat Thani, Thailand. ♀, Surat Thani, Thailand.
Appias pandione lagela ♂ Up. Appias pandione lagela ♂ Un. Appias pandione lagela ♂ Up. Appias pandione lagela ♂ Un.
♂, Ranong, Thailand. ♂, Surat Thani, Thailand.

ON : Catophanga lagela Moore,[1879]
OD : Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878(4):838, pl.52, fig.4.
TL : Moolai, Tenasserim. (NHML)
Distribution : S.Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam,
Yunnan.
Appias pandione lagela map

Type Materials Information

lagela ; 1♂ 1♀, Type (red), Moolai, Upper Tenasserim. (NHML, examined)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Appias lalage lagela ; Pendlebury,1923 : 26. (Nakhon Sri Thammarat: Khao Luang)
Appias lalage lagela ; Godfrey,1930 : 226. (Chiang Mai; Nakhon Sri Thammarat)
Appias lalage lagela ; Godfrey,1932a : 265. (P)
Appias pandione lagela ; Pinratana,1983 : 19, pl.15, figs.32,♂,♀. (Chiang Mai; Chaiyaphum; Loei; Surat Thani; Nakhon Sri Thammarat)
Appias pandione lagela ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 154, pl.49, figs.Pi34,♂,♂(Un),♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Surat Thani; Chiang Mai)
Appias pandione lagela ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 159, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Pha Hom Pok; Doi Suthep; Doi Inthanon; Phu Khiewo; Kao Poh Ta)
Appias pandione lagela ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 154, pl.49, figs.Pi34,♂,♂(Un),♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Surat Thani; Chiang Mai)
Appias pandione lagela ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, fig. (Nan) (accessed: 2022.09.22)

[ LAOS ]
Appias pandione lagela ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 50, pl.23, figs.1,♂,2,♂(Un). (Vang Vieng; Phatong)
Appias pandione lagela ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 202, pl.35, figs.♂,♂,♂,♂(Un). (Vang Vieng; Oudomxay)
Appias pandione lagela ; Onodera,2009b : 36-37, fig.23♀. (Xieng Kouang: Nam Noen)
Appias pandione lagela ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 42, pl.2, figs.Pi-31,♀,♀(Un). (Phou Samsoum)
Appias pandione lagela ; Onodera,2022 : pl.65, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un), text:16. (Bolikhamxai; Xiengkhouang)

[ VIETNAM ]
Appias pandione lagela ; Luong et al.,2004 : 2, 33, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Appias pandione ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 39. (Thua Thien Hue: Huong Thuy)
Appias pandione lagela ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006 : 11, figs.Pi-18,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri; Dai Duc Me)
Appias pandione lagela ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 17. (N / C / S)
Appias pandione lagela ; Yokochi et al.,2015 : 39, figs.21,♀,21v♀(Un),22,♀,22v♀(Un). (Khanh Hoa: Hon Ba)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 6♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Rai : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 20♂ 11♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 2♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 8♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Ranong : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Surat Thani : 3♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally very common in montane forest at moderate to high elevations (Alt. 900 - 2500m) and is frequently found at hilltops. Males often come to the banks of streams and puddles to suck water.
The taxon aornus from W.Malaysia is conventionally regarded as a synonym of lagela, however I consider it to be a distinct subspecies. The relationship between Appias lalage and Appias pandione is still uncertain. The differences are unclear, especially in females. Further taxonomic study, including DNA analysis, is needed.


Literature

Moore, F.,[1879] : A list of the lepidopterous insects collected by Mr.Ossian Limborg in upper Tenasserim, with descriptions of new species.
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878(4):821-859, 3 pls.


Appias pandione lagela ♂ Appias pandione lagela ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Appias pandione lagela ♂ Appias pandione lagela ♂
♂, Nan, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

1996.10.31 - 2022.09.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.