Appias indra thronion  Fruhstorfer, 1910

Appias indra thronion ♂ Up. Appias indra thronion ♂ Un. Appias indra thronion ♀ Up. Appias indra thronion ♀ Un.
♂, Chanthaburi, Thailand. ♀, Chaiyaphum, Thailand.
Appias indra thronion ♂ Up. Appias indra thronion ♂ Un. Appias indra thronion ♀ Up. Appias indra thronion ♀ Un.
♂, Chanthaburi, Thailand. ♀, Chaiyaphum, Thailand.
Appias indra thronion ♂ Up. Appias indra thronion ♂ Un. Appias indra thronion ♀ Up. Appias indra thronion ♀ Un.
♂, Ninh Binh, Vietnam. ♀ (ws), Vinh Phuc, Vietnam.
Appias indra thronion ♂ Up. Appias indra thronion ♂ Un. Appias indra thronion ♂ Up. Appias indra thronion ♂ Un.
♂, Mae Hong Son, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Appias indra thronion ♂ Up. Appias indra thronion ♂ Un. Appias indra thronion ♂ Up. Appias indra thronion ♂ Un.
♂, Tak, Thailand. ♂, Ranong, Thailand.
Appias indra thronion ♂ Up. Appias indra thronion ♂ Un. Appias indra thronion ♀ Up. Appias indra thronion ♀ Un.
♂, Ranong, Thailand. ♀, Ranong, Thailand.
Appias indra thronion ♂ Up. Appias indra thronion ♂ Un. Appias indra thronion ♀ Up. Appias indra thronion ♀ Un.
♂, Ranong, Thailand. ♀, Ranong, Thailand.
Appias indra thronion ♂ Up. Appias indra thronion ♂ Un. Appias indra thronion ♂ Up. Appias indra thronion ♂ Un.
♂, Satun (Khuan Don dist.), Thailand. (photo by E.Ikari) ♂, Satun (Khuan Don dist.), Thailand. (photo by E.Ikari)
Appias indra thronion ♂ Up. Appias indra thronion ♂ Un. Appias indra thronion ♂ Up. Appias indra thronion ♂ Un.
♂, Phetchaburi, Thailand. ♂, Chanthaburi, Thailand.

ON : Appias indra thronion Fruhstorfer,1910
OD : in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 9:154.
TL : Siam. (NHML)
Distribution : S.Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia,
Laos, Vietnam.
● ssp.thronion
ssp.plana
Appias indra thronion map

Type Material Information

♂, Type, Januar. Hinlap, Siam. H.Fruhstorfer (NHML, examined)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Appias indra thronion ; Godfrey,1916 : 115. (by literatur, from original description.)
Appias indra thronion ; Godfrey,1930 : 226. (Muak Lek; Me Lamoung)
Appias indra thronion ; Pinratana,1983 : 18, pl.15, figs.31a♂,♀,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai; Chaiyaphum; Kanchanaburi; Petchaburi; Rayong; Nakhon Nayok; Chanthaburi; Tak; Prachuap Khiri Khan)
Appias indra plana ; Pinratana,1983 : 18. (Ranong; Trang) (in part)
Appias indra thronion ; Katsuyama et al.,2005 : 65, fig.51,♂. (Umphang: Tha Sai)
Appias indra indra ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 152, pl.48, figs.Pi33a♂,♂(Un),♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Mai: Doi Inthanon; Chaiyaphum: Phu Khieo; Ranong)
Appias indra thronion ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 152, pl.49, figs.Pi33b♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Chanthaburi)
Appias indra indra ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 158, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Pha Hom Pok; Chiang Dao; Doi Musso; Sai York Noi)
Appias indra thronion ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 158, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Phu Khiewo; Kao Yai; Sarika; Nakohn Nayok; Pliewn WF; Kao Soi Dao; Khlong Naka)
Appias indra indra ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 152, pl.48, figs.Pi33a♂,♂(Un),♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Inthanon; Phu Khieo; Ranong)
Appias indra thronion ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 152, pl.49, figs.Pi33b♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Chanthaburi)
Appias indra thronion ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Saraburi; Nakhon Nayok; Phetchaburi) (accessed: 2022.09.22)
Appias indra plana ; Küppers & Janikorn,2017 : 196-197, figs.Abb.Pi-068-069. (Phang Nga)
Appias indra indra ; Chaianunporn & Chaianunporn,2019 : 87. (Chaiyaphum: Chulabhorn Dam)

[ CAMBODIA ]
Appias indra thronion ; Monastyrskii et al.,2011 : 128. (Phnom Samkos W.S.)

[ LAOS ]
Appias indra f.indra ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 20. (Giranville, Vientiane)
Appias indra f.mahana ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 20. (Giranville, Vientiane)
Appias indra f.thronion ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 20. (Ban Sai)
Appias indra indra ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 50, pl.22, figs.7,♂,8,♂(Un). (Luang Prabang; Vientiane; Vang Vieng; Phatong)
Appias indra thronion ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 202, pl.35, figs.♂(dsf),♂(dsf,Un),♂,♂(Un). (Vang Vieng; Lak Sao)
Appias indra thronion ; Nimura & Wakahara,2005 : 39. (Thabok; Namdhua)
Appias indra thronion ; Onodera,2009b : 34-35. (Vientiane: Namsong Riverside)
Appias indra thronion ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 42, pl.2, figs.Pi-30,♀,♀(Un). (near Muang Khoune)
Appias indra indra ; Onodera,2022 : pl.65, figs.♂,♂(Un), text:16. (Vientiane)

[ VIETNAM ]
Appias indra thronion ; Fruhstorfer,1910 : 153. (Tonkin / Annam)
Appias indra thronion ; Metaye,1957 : 86. (N / C)
Appias indra indra ; Ikeda et al.,1998 : 19, figs.7:16,♂,17,♂(Un),11:39(♂genitalia). (Cuc Phuong)
Appias indra thronion ; Luong et al.,2004 : 2, 32, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Appias indra ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 38. (Thua Thien Hue: Nam Dong; A Luoi; Huong Thuy; Phong Dien; Bach Ma)
Appias indra thronion ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006 : 11, figs.Pi-16,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri)
Appias indra indra ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 17. (N)
Appias indra thronion ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 17. (C / S)
Appias indra thronion ; Yokochi et al.,2015 : 39. (Khanh Hoa: Hon Ba)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 20♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 6♂ 1♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 3♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chaiyaphum : 4♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Nayok : 3♂ (photo by M.Hayashi).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 12♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchaburi : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Ranong : 21♂ 6♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Surat Thani : 1♂ 9♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Si Thammarat : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Satun (Khuan Don dist.) : 9♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Vientiana : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Vinh Phuc : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Ninh Binh : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lam Dong : 4♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is common in montane forest at low to high elevations (Alt. 150 - 1800m) and is frequently found at hilltops. Both sexes visit flowers, and males frequently come to the banks of streams and puddles to suck water.
This taxon is highly variable with individual and seasonal variation. I provisionally treat the whole Indo-China continental populations as ssp.thronion here. Further taxonomic study is needed.


Literature

Fruhstorfer, H.,1910 : 2. Familie: Pieridae in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9
153-168. (2.Apr.1910)


Appias indra thronion ♂ Appias indra thronion ♂
♂, Mae Hong Son, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Appias indra thronion ♂ Appias indra thronion ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂ with Delias hyparete, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Appias indra thronion ♂ Appias indra thronion ♂
♂ with Appias albina, Chanthaburi, Thailand. ♂, Chanthaburi, Thailand.

1996.10.31 - 2022.09.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.