Appias galba  (Wallace, 1867)

Appias galba ♂ Up. Appias galba ♂ Un. Appias galba ♀ Up. Appias galba ♀ Un.
♂, Mae Hong Son, Thailand. ♀ (wsf), Bolikhamxai, Laos.
Appias galba ♂ Up. Appias galba ♂ Un. Appias galba ♂ Up. Appias galba ♂ Un.
♂, Nan, Thailand. ♂, Ninh Binh, Vietnam.

ON : Tachyris galba Wallace, 1867
OD : Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. (3)4(3):378-379.
TL : N.India. (♂, NHML)
Distribution : N.India to Myanmar, Thailand,
Laos, Vietnam, Yunnan, Guangxi, Hainan.
Appias galba map

Synonyms

Appias nebo Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1894 : Rhop. exot. 2 : Appias 1, figs.1,♂,2,♂(Un). TL. Chindwin River, Upper Burmah.
Tachyris nero hainanensis Fruhstorfer, 1902 : Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 15(1):178. TL. Five Finger Mountains, Hainan.


Type Material Information

galba ; ♂, Type (red), 'N.India' [India] (NHML, examined)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Appias nero galba ; Godfrey,1930 : 225. (Prae) (in part)
Appias nero figulina ; Pinratana,1983 : 17, pl.3, fig.28b♂. (in part)
Appias nero galba ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 150, pl.47, figs.Pi30a♂,♀,♀(Un). (Chaiyaphum: Phu Khieo; Mae Hong Son)
Appias galba ; Yata et al.,2010 : 794. (N.Thailand)
Appias galba ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 156, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Dao; Phu Khiewo)
Appias nero galba ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 150, pl.47, fig.Pi30a♂. (in part)
Appias galba ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Chiang Mai) (accessed: 2022.09.22)

[ LAOS ]
Appias galba ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 218. (Laos)
Appias nero f.galba ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 20. (Ban Na Hai ; Ban Suoi)
Appias nero f.nebo ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 20. (Laos)
Appias nero galba ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 50, col.pl.12, fig.♂ ; pl.21, figs.5,♂,6,♂(Un),7,♀. (Vang Vieng; Luang Prabang; Phatong)
Appias nero galba ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 202, pl.34, figs.♂,♀. (Nhahin; Oudomxay)
Appias nero galba ; Onodera,2009b : 34-35. (Vientiane: Namsong Riverside)
Appias galba ; Yata et al.,2010 : 794. (Laos)
Appias galba ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 42.
Appias galba ; Onodera,2022 : pl.66, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un), text:17. (Vientiane; Xaisomboun)

[ VIETNAM ]
Tachyris nero ; Joannis,1901 : 330. (Tonkin: Cao Bang)
Appias nebo ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 218. (Tonkin)
Appias nero f.galba ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 20. (Tonkin: Hagiang; Dap Can; Chapa)
Appias nero f.nebo ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 20. (Tonkin)
Appias nero galba ; Ikeda et al.,1998 : 19, figs.7:9,♂(wsf),10,♂(dsf),11,♀(dsf),10:37(♂genitalia). (Cuc Phuong)
Appias nero galba ; Luong et al.,2004 : 2, 32, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Appias nero ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 38. (Thua Thien Hue: Nam Dong; A Luoi)
Appias nero figulina ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006 : 11, fig.Pi-15,♂. (Lam Dong: Dambri; Dai Duc Me)
Appias galba ; Yata et al.,2010 : 794, fig.21-B♂(Black River, Nam Hou),F♀(Muong-Khuong, Laokay). (Vietnam)
Appias galba ; Miyazaki et al.,2010 : 20, fig.Pi-15,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri)
Appias galba ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 17. (N / C / S)
Appias galba ; Yokochi et al.,2015 : 39, figs.19,♂,19v♂(Un),20,♀,20v♀(Un). (Khanh Hoa: Hon Ba)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 12♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 2♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 5♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Vientiane : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Xiang Khouang : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Bolikhamxai : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Ninh Binh : 7♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally not rare in montane forest at low to moderate elevations (Alt. 350 - 1000m). Both sexes visit flowers, and males frequently come to the banks of streams and puddles to suck water.


Literature

Wallace, A.R.,1867 : On the Pieridae of the Indian and Australian Regions.
Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. (3)4(3):301-416, pls.6-9.

Grose-Smith, H. & Kirby, W.F.,1887-1902 :
Rhopalocera Exotica. being Illustrations of new, rare and unfigured Species of Butterflies.
London, Gurney and Jackson. 3 volumes (60 parts).

Fruhstorfer, H.,1902 : Neue Lepidopteren aus dem Indo-Malayischen Gebiet
Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 15(1):169-178

Yata, O., Chainey, J.E. & Vane-Wright, R.I.,2010 :
The Golden and Mariana albatrosses, new species of pierid butterflies, with a review of subgenus Appias (Catophaga) (Lepidoptera)
Syst. Entomol. 35(4):764-800.


Appias galba ♂ Appias galba ♂
♂, Nan, Thailand. ♂, Nan, Thailand.
Appias galba ♂ Appias galba ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Nan, Thailand.

1996.10.31 - 2022.09.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.