Appias nero nero  (Fabricius, 1793)

Appias nero nero ♂ Up. Appias nero nero ♂ Un. Appias nero nero ♀ Up. Appias nero nero ♀ Un.
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♀, Yala, Thailand.
Appias nero nero ♂ Up. Appias nero nero ♂ Un. Appias nero nero ♀ Up. Appias nero nero ♀ Un.
♂, Ranong, Thailand. ♀ (dsf), Ranong, Thailand.
Appias nero nero ♂ Up. Appias nero nero ♂ Un. Appias nero nero ♀ Up. Appias nero nero ♀ Un.
♂, Phetchaburi, Thailand. ♀, Chanthaburi, Thailand.
Appias nero nero ♂ Up. Appias nero nero ♂ Un. Appias nero nero ♀ Up. Appias nero nero ♀ Un.
♂ (ab.), Ranong, Thailand. ♀, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand.

ON : Papilio nero Fabricius, 1793
OD : Ent. Syst. 3(1):15.
TL : 'Asia' [Java]. (♂, NHML)
Distribution : Thailand, Langkawi, W.Malaysia,
{Singapore}, Sumatra, Java, Bali.
Appias nero nero map

Synonyms

Pieris thyria Godart, 1819 : Encyclopédie Méthodique 9(1):147. TL. Java.
Pieris figulina Butler, 1867 : Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (3)20:399, pl.8, fig.1,♀. TL. Singapore.


Type Materials Information

nero ; Neotype ♂, Preanger, W.Java, Palboean Ratoe (NHML)
figulina ; Lectotype ♂, #141751, Singapore. (NHML, examined)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Appias nero galba ; Godfrey,1916 : 115. (Chonburi: Sriracha)
Appias nero galba ; Pendlebury,1923 : 26. (Nakhon Sri Thammarat: Khao Ram; Khao Luang; Wat Kiriwong)
Appias nero galba ; Godfrey,1930 : 225. (Chonburi: Sriracha; Muak Lek; Nakhon Sri Thammarat) (in part)
Appias nero galba ; Godfrey,1932a : 265. (P)
Appias nero figulina ; Pinratana,1983 : 17, pl.3, fig.28b♀. (in part)
Appias nero galba ; Pinratana,1983 : 17, pl.14, figs.28a♂,♀. (Phang Nga; Ranong; Phuket; Nakhon Sri Thammarat; Trang; Yala)
Appias nero figulina ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 148, pl.46, figs.Pi28b♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♂(Gynandromorph),♂(Un,Gynandromorph). (Ranong; Than To)
Appias nero figulina ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 156, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Kao Soi Dao; Ranong; Kam Puang; Khlong Naka; Kao Luang; Ka Chong; Thaleban; Than To WF.)
Appias nero galba ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : pl.47, figs.Pi30a♀,♀(Un). (in part)
Appias nero figulina ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 150, pl.47, figs.Pi30b♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♂♀(Gynandromorph),♂♀(Gynandromorph,Un). (Ranong; Than To)
Appias nero figulina ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Chanthaburi; Phetchaburi; Yala) (accessed: 2022.09.22)
Appias nero figulina ; Küppers & Janikorn,2017 : 195-196, figs.Abb.Pi-055-063,017,023. (Phang Nga)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Chanthaburi : 3♂ 1♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Ranong : 13♂ 15♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Si Thammarat : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Trang : 2♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Satun : 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 16♂ 2♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Narathiwat : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally common in montane forest at low elevations (Alt. 30 - 350m). Both sexes visit flowers, and males frequently come to the banks of streams and puddles to suck water.


Literature

Fabricius, J.C.,1793 : Entomologia systematica emedata et aucta. secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, adjectis synonymis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus.
3(1): [iv] + 488 pp. Copenhagen. C.G.Proft.

Godart, J.B.,1819 : Encyclopédie Méthodique. Histoire naturelle Entomologie, ou histoire naturelle des crustacés, des arachnides et des insectes
Encyclopédie Méthodique 9(1):3-328 (1819).

Butler, A.G.,1867 : Descriptions of new or little-known species of Asiatic Lepidoptera.
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (3)20:399-405, 2 pls.

Yata, O., Chainey, J.E. & Vane-Wright, R.I.,2010 :
The Golden and Mariana albatrosses, new species of pierid butterflies, with a review of subgenus Appias (Catophaga) (Lepidoptera)
Syst. Entomol. 35(4):764-800.


Appias nero nero ♂ Appias nero nero ♀
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♀, Yala, Thailand.
Appias nero nero ♂ Appias nero nero ♀
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♀, Chanthaburi, Thailand.

1996.10.31 - 2022.09.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.