Appias olferna olferna  Swinhoe, 1890

Appias olferna olferna ♂ Up. Appias olferna olferna ♂ Un. Appias olferna olferna ♀ Up. Appias olferna olferna ♀ Un.
♂ (dsf), Chanthaburi, Thailand. ♀ (dsf), Uttaradit, Thailand.
Appias olferna olferna ♂ Up. Appias olferna olferna ♂ Un. Appias olferna olferna ♀ Up. Appias olferna olferna ♀ Un.
♂, Chanthaburi, Thailand. ♀, Bangkok, Thailand.

ON : Appias olferna Swinhoe, 1890
OD : Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6)5:358-359.
TL : Maldah.
Distribution : E.India to Myanmar, Thailand,
Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, W.Malaysia, Aur,
Singapore, Sumatra, W.Java.
Appias olferna olferna map

Synonyms

Appias irvinii Swinhoe, 1890 : Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6)5:359-360. TL. Upper Burmah.
Appias libythea f.sopara Fruhstorfer, 1910 : in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 9:147. TL.Siam ; Assam.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Appias libythea zelmira ; Godfrey,1916 : 114-115.
Appias libythea ; Godfrey,1930 : 225. (all over)
Appias libythea ; Godfrey,1931 : 192. (Ko Tao)
Appias libythea ; Godfrey,1932a : 265. (P)
Appias libythea olferna ; Pinratana,1983 : 16, pl.13, figs.27,♂,♀,♀. (Chiang Mai; Bangkok; Chonburi; Kanchanaburi; Loei; Nakhon Nayok; Nakhon Pathom; Nakhon Ratchasima; Nonthaburi; Chumphon; Petchaburi; Prae; Saraburi; Songkhla; Trang; Uthai Thani)
Appias olferna olferna ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 18, fig.42,♂. (Ubon Ratchathani: Kaeng Tana; Kaeng E-Keow)
Appias olferna olferna ; Katsuyama et al.,2006 : 46, fig.36,♂. (Nan: Ban Nam Poon)
Appias olferna olferna ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 148, pl.46, figa.Pi29,♂,♂(Un),♂(dsf,Un),♀,♀(Un),♀(dsf). (Bangkok; Phrae; Chanthaburi)
Appias olferna olferna ; Les Day,2011-2022 : Samui Butterflies, fig.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Koh Samui) (accessed: 2022.09.22)
Appias olferna olferna ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 156, figa.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Sarika; Nakohn Nayok; Wan Nam Khiewo; Bang Phra; Kao Khiewo; Bang Sarrey; Sai York Noi; Erawan WF; Wang Kheo; Kanchanaburi; Kaeng Krachan; Ka Chong; Haadjai)
Appias olferna olferna ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 148, pl.46, figa.Pi29,♂,♂(Un),♂(Un,dsf),♀,♀(Un),♀(Un,dsf). (Bangkok; Phrae; Chanthaburi)
Appias olferna olferna ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs., Early Stages. (Nakhon Ratchasima; Sa Kaeo; Bangkok; Saraburi; Chonburi; Chachoengsao; Trat; Phetchaburi) (accessed: 2022.09.22)
Appias olferna olferna ; Küppers & Janikorn,2017 : 194-195, figs.Abb.Pi-049-054,123-141-2. (Phang Nga)

[ LAOS ]
Appias olferna olferna ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 49, pl.20, figs.3,♂,4,♂(Un),5,♀,6,♀(Un). (Vientiane; Tha Ngone; Nam Ngum Dam)
Appias libythea olferna ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 202, pl.34, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀. (Thabok; Vientiane)
Appias olferna olferna ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 42.
Appias offerna olferna ; Onodera,2022 : pl.65, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un), text:16. (Vientiane; Bolikhamxai)

[ CAMBODIA ]
Appias libythea olferna ; Monastyrskii et al.,2011 : 128. (Phnom Samkos W.S.)

[ VIETNAM ]
Appias libythea zelmira ; Fruhstorfer,1910 : 148. (Annam)
Appias libythea zelmira ; Godfrey,1919 : 464. (S: Daban)
Appias libythea ; Lemee,1950 : 63. (Saigon)
Appias libythea libythea f.hib.ares ; Metaye,1957 : 85. (N / C / S)
Appias libythea libythea f.aest.♀zelima ; Metaye,1957 : 85. (N / C / S)
Appias libythea libythea f.aest.♂libythea ; Metaye,1957 : 85. (N / C / S)
Appias libythea zelmira f.hib.olferna ; Metaye,1957 : 86. (N / C / S)
Appias libythea zelmira f.vern.irvini ; Metaye,1957 : 86. (N / C / S)
Appias libythea zelmira f.aest.zelmira ; Metaye,1957 : 86. (N / C / S)
Appias libythea ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 38. (Thua Thien Hue: Huong Thuy)
Appias libythea olferna ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006 : 11, figs.Pi-12,♂,♀. (Bin Thuan: Dong Tien; Ho Chi Minh)
Appias olferna olferna ; Nihira,2009 : 98. (Phu Quoc)
Appias olferna olferna ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 17. (C / S)
Appias olferna olferna ; Saito et al.,2017 ; 78. (S: Nui Cam; Nui Coto; Nui Ket)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Rai : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 6♂ 6♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Uttaradit : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Kanchanaburi : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Bangkok : 3♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chonburi : 2♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 4♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchaburi : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Satun (Koh Tarutao) : 4♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 1♂ 1♀ (photo by S.Atdhabhan).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Champasak : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is very common in secondary forest and gardens at low to moderate elevations (Alt. 10 - 1300m). Both sexes visit flowers, and males frequently come to the banks of streams and puddles to suck water.


Literature

Swinhoe, C.,1890 : New Species of Indian Butterflies.
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6)5:353-365.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1910 : 2. Familie: Pieridae in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9
145-152. (11.Feb.1910)

Yata, O., & Morishita, K.,1981 : Butterflies of the South East Asian Islands II, Pieridae, Danaidae.
Plapac co., Ltd. 628pp. (162 col. pls.) (in Japanese)


Appias olferna olferna ♂ Appias olferna olferna ♂
♂, Chiang Rai, Thailand. ♀ + ♂ (mating), Yala, Thailand. (photo by S.Atdhabhan)

1996.10.31 - 2022.09.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.