Graphium macareus perakensis  (Fruhstorfer, 1899)

Graphium macareus perakensis ♂ Up. Graphium macareus perakensis ♂ Un. Graphium macareus perakensis ♀ Up. Graphium macareus perakensis ♀ Un.
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♀, Yala, Thailand.
Graphium macareus perakensis ♂ Up. Graphium macareus perakensis ♂ Un. Graphium macareus perakensis ♀ Up. Graphium macareus perakensis ♀ Up.
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♀, Yala, Thailand. ♀, Yala, Thailand.
Graphium macareus perakensis ♂ Up. Graphium macareus perakensis ♂ Un. Graphium macareus perakensis ♂ Up. Graphium macareus perakensis ♂ Un.
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♂, Ranong, Thailand. (photo by A.M.Cotton)
Graphium macareus perakensis ♂ Up. Graphium macareus perakensis ♂ Un. Graphium macareus perakensis ♂ genitalia Graphium macareus perakensis ♂ genitalia
♂, Narathiwat, Thailand. (photo by A.M.Cotton) ♂ genitalia, Narathiwat, Thailand.

ON : Papilio macareus perakensis Fruhstorfer, 1899
OD : Soc. ent. 14(7):49.
TL : Ipoh, Perak. (NHML)
Distribution : S.Myanmar, P.Thailand (Ranong and Southward),
Langkawi, W.Malaysia.
ssp.burmensis
transition zone of burmensis and indochinensis
● ssp.indochinensis
ssp.perakensis
macareus perakensis Map

Type Material Information

♂, Type (red), #149410, Malaka. H.Fruhstorfer (NHML, examined)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Graphium macareus ; Pendlebury,1923 : 25. (Nakhon Sri Thammarat: Tai Sai River)
Papilio macareus indochinensis ; Godfrey,1932a : 264. (P)
Graphium macareus perakensis ; Pinratana,1977 : 60, figs.P50c♂,♂(Un). (P)
Graphium macareus perakensis ; Pinratana & Eliot,1992 : 34,45, pl.59, figs.49c♀. (in part)
Paranticopsis macareus perakensis ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 112, pl.29, figs.P57c♂,♀,♀(f.astyna). (Ranong)
Paranticopsis macareus perakensis ; Les Day,2011- : Samui Butterflies, figs. (Koh Samui)
Graphium macareus perakensis ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 134, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Khlong Naka; Ka Chong; Than To WF.)
Graphium macareus perakensis ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 112, pl.29, figs.P57c♂,♀,♀(f.astyna). (Ranong)
Graphium macareus perakensis ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, fig. (Nakhon Si Thammarat) (accessed: 2022.09.02)
Arisbe macareus perakensis ; Küppers & Janikorn,2017 : 168, fig.Abb.Pa-135. (Phang Nga) (in part)
Graphium macareus (?) ; Maruyama,2018 : 26-27, figs.1,♀,2,♀(Un). (Samui Is)
Graphium macareus perakensis ; Maruyama,2018 : 26-27, figs.5,♀,6,♀(Un). (Samui Is)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Ranong : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Si Thammarat : 2♀ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Satun (Koh Tarutao) : 3♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 19♂ 4♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Narathiwat : 4♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is common in montane forest at low to moderate elevations (alt.20m - 800m). Males frequently come to the banks of streams and puddles to suck water.
Females are polymorphic, with male-like form mimicking Parantica aglea (Danainae) and black form mimicking Euploea species (Danainae). They look similar to the model in flight.
Further distributional research is needed.


Literature

Fruhstorfer, H.,1899 : Drei neue Papilios.
Soc. ent. 14(7):49.

Maruyama, M.,2018 : A Graphium with an unknown wing pattern from Samui Island, S.Thailand
Butterflies 79:26-27.


Graphium macareus perakensis ♂ Graphium macareus perakensis ♀
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♀, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand.
Graphium macareus perakensis ♂ Graphium macareus perakensis ♀
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♀, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand.
Graphium macareus perakensis ♂ Graphium macareus perakensis ♂
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♂, Yala, Thailand.

1996.10.08 - 2022.09.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.