Graphium aristeus hermocrates  (Felder & Felder, 1865)

Graphium aristeus hermocrates ♂ Up. Graphium aristeus hermocrates ♂ Un. Graphium aristeus hermocrates ♀ Up. Graphium aristeus hermocrates ♀ Un.
♂, Chanthaburi, Thailand. ♀, Khammouan, Laos. (photo by K.Saito)
Graphium aristeus hermocrates ♂ Up. Graphium aristeus hermocrates ♂ Un. Graphium aristeus hermocrates ♀ Up. Graphium aristeus hermocrates ♀ Un.
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♀, Yala, Thailand.
Graphium aristeus hermocrates ♂ Up. Graphium aristeus hermocrates ♂ Un. Graphium aristeus hermocrates ♀ Up. Graphium aristeus hermocrates ♀ Un.
♂, Trat, Thailand. ♀, Surat Thani, Thailand. (photo by E.Ikari)
Graphium aristeus hermocrates ♂ Up. Graphium aristeus hermocrates ♂ Up. Graphium aristeus hermocrates ♂ Up. Graphium aristeus hermocrates ♂ Up.
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♂, Songkla, Thailand. ♂, Phetchaburi, Thailand. ♂, Vientiane, Laos.
Graphium aristeus hermocrates ♂ genitalia Graphium aristeus hermocrates ♂ genitalia
♂ genitalia, Mae Hong Son, Thailand.

ON : Papilio hermocrates Felder & Felder, 1865
OD : Reise Fregatte Novara, Lep. Rhop. (1):57-59, pl.12, fig.e.
TL : Luzon.
Distribution : Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Hainan,
Sichuan, Langkawi, W.Malaysia (North), Borneo, Palawan,
Philippines, Sumba, Timor, Wetar, Damar.
Graphium aristeus hermocrates Map

Synonyms

Papilio aristeoides Eimer, 1889 : Artb. Verwandtsch. Schmett. 1:163-164, pl.3, fig.3. TL. Nord Burmah.
Papilio aristeus var.nigricans Eimer, 1889 : Artb. Verwandtsch. Schmett. 1:168-170, text-fig. TL. 'East India'
Papilio aristeus pedo Fruhstofer, 1909 : Ent. Zeit. 22(41):170. TL. Sumba.
Pathysa aristea hainanensis Chou et Gu, 1994 : in Chou et al., Monographia Rhopalocerorum Sinensium. 1:173,751. TL. Hainan.


Type Materials Information

aristeoides ; Origin, ♂, Nord Burmah. (MNHN)
hainanensis ; Holotype ♂, 15.Apr.1989. Jianfengling, Hainan.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Papilio aristeus hermocrates ; Fruhstorfer,1903 : 200-201. (Hinlap; Muok-Lek; Kanburi)
Papilio aristeus hermocrates ; Jordan,1909 : 88. (Siam)
Papilio aristeus hermocrates ; Godfrey,1916 : 111. (Huey Meh Pradone)
Papilio aristeus hermocrates ; Pendlebury,1923 : 24. (Nakhon Sri Thammarat: Lan Saka)
Papilio aristeus hermocrates ; Godfrey,1927 : 120. (N)
Papilio aristeus hermocrates ; Godfrey,1930 : 216. (Prae: Me Song forest; Muak Lek; Chonburi: Sriracha; Phetchaburi River)
Papilio aristeus hermocrates ; Godfrey,1932a : 264. (P)
Graphium aristeus hermocrates ; Pinratana,1977 : 53, figs.P40,♂,♂(Un). (all over)
Graphium aristeus hermocrates ; Pinratana & Eliot,1992 : 33,45, pl.57, fig.47,♂. (Chanthaburi; Chonburi; Nakhon Ratchasima; Phetchaburi; Yala)
Graphium aristeus hermocrates ; Nishimura,1996a : 43-45, figs.11,♂,12,♂,13,♂,15,♂,16,♂,17,♂. (Chanthaburi: Khao Soi Dao; Phetchaburi: Padeng; Kanchanaburi: Say Yok Noi; Songkhla: Namtok Ton Nga Chang; Yala: Than To)
Graphium aristeus hermocrates ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 16, fig.36,♂. (Mukdahan: Ban Gok Tum; Ubon Ratchathani: Kaeng E-Keow)
Pathysa aristeus hermocrates ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 110, pl.27, figs.P55,♂,♂(Un),♀[♂?]. (Trat; Khao Yai)
Pathysa aristeus hermocrates ; Les Day,2011- : Samui Butterflies, fig.♂(Un). (Koh Samui) (accessed: 2022.08.02)
Graphium aristeus hermocrates ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 133, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un). (Phu Khiewo; Khao Yai; Sarika; Wan Nam Khiewo; Kao Soi Dao; Khao Khiewo; Thung Yai; Sai York Noi; Erawan WF; Kaeng Krachan; Hua Hin; Thaleban; Than To WF.)
Graphium aristeus hermocrates ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 110, pl.27, fig.P52s,♂,♂(Un),♂. (Trat; Khao Yai)
Graphium aristeus hermocrates ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Chaiyaphum; Khon Kaen; Udon Thani; Sa Kaeo) (accessed: 2022.08.02)
Arisbe aristeus hermocrates ; Küppers & Janikorn,2017 : 169, figs.Abb.Pa-138-139. (Phang Nga)
Graphium aristeus hermocrates ; Chaianunporn & Chaianunporn,2019 : 87. (Chaiyaphum: Chulabhorn Dam)

[ LAOS ]
Papilio aristeus ab.aristeoides ; Dubois & Vitalis,1914 : 150. (Laos)
Papilio aristeus f.hermocrates ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 14. (Laos)
Papilio aristeus ab.aristeoides ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 14. (Laos)
Graphium aristeus hermocrates ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 47, pl.11, figs.3,♂,4,♂(Un). (Tha Ngone; Pakse; Dan Sum; Tha Dua, Vientiane)
Graphium aristeus hermocrates ; Nishimura,1996a : 43-45. (Viang Chan: Van Vieng)
Graphium aristeus hermocrates ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 201, pl.23, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Nhahin; Vientiane)
Graphium aristeus hermocrates ; Cotton & Racheli,[2007] : 297. (Thabok; Koun Kham)
Graphium aristeus hermocrates ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 41.

[ CAMBODIA ]
Graphium aristeus hermocrates ; Monastyrskii et al.,2011 : 128. (Phnom Samkos W.S.)

[ VIETNAM ]
Papilio aristeus hermocrates ; Metaye,1957 : 83. (S)
Graphium aristeus hermocrates ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006 : 10, fig.Pa-24,♂. (Lam Dong: Dambri; Dong Nai: Nam Cat Tien)
Graphium aristeus hermocrates ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2007c : 36, fig.Pa-24,♀. (Dong Nai: Thac Mai)
Graphium aristeus hermocrates ; Monastyrskii,2007 : 93-94, pl.30, figs.1,♂,1b♂(Un). (C: Phong Nha-Ke Bang; Kon Ka Kinh; Hon Ba; Chu Yang Sin / S: Cat Tien)
Graphium aristeus hermocrates ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 14. (C / S)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 12♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchabun : 5♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chaiyaphum : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Trat : 3♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchaburi : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Surat Thani : 1♀ (photo by E.Ikari).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Songkla : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Satun : 3♂ (photo by E.Ikari).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 8♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Vientiane : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Bolikhamxai : 10♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Khammouan : 3♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Champasak : 3♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Dong Nai : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally common in montane forest at low to moderate elevations (alt.30m - 900m). Males frequently come to the banks of streams and puddles to suck water.
The populations from peninsular Thailand tend to have enlarged white areas on the upperside of both wings.


Literature

Felder, C. & Felder, R.,1865-1875 :
Rhopalocera. In Reise der Osterreichischen Fregatte "Novara" um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Befehlen Commodore B. von Wullerstorf-Urbair. Zoologischer Theil. Zweiter Band:
Abtheilung. Wien : vi + 548 + [1] pp in 5 parts, 140 pls.

Eimer, G.H.T.,1889 : Die Artbildung und Verwandtschft bei den Schmetterlingen.
Title 1. Eine systematische Darstellung de Abanderungen, Abarteu und Arten der Segelfalter-ahnlichen Formen der Gattung Papilio.
Jena, Verlag von Gustav Fischer. 1:xii+243pp, 23 figs. Atlas of 4pl.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1903 :
Verzeichnis der in Tonkin, Annam und Siam gesammelten Papilioniden und Besprechung verwandter Formen.
Berl. ent. Z. 47(3/4):167-234.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1909 : Neue Papilioniden des indo-australischen Faunengebietes.
Ent. Zeit. 22(41):169-170.

Jordan, K.,1909 : Die Indo-Australische Tagfalter. Papilionidae in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde
9:81-88.

Chou, I. (ed.),1994 : Monographia Rhopalocerorum Sinensium.
2 vols., 854 pp. Henan Scientific and Technological Publishing House.

Nishimura, M.,1996 : Notes on some Papilionidae from Indo-China. (2).
Trans. lepid. Soc. Japan. 47(1):40-48. (in Japanese)


Graphium aristeus hermocrates ♂ Graphium aristeus hermocrates ♂
♂, Phetchabun, Thailand. ♂, Chanthaburi, Thailand.

1996.10.08 - 2022.08.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.