Graphium chironides chironides  (Honrath, 1884)

Graphium chironides chironides ♂ Up. Graphium chironides chironides ♂ Un. Graphium chironides chironides ♀ Up. Graphium chironides chironides ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Graphium chironides chironides ♂ Up. Graphium chironides chironides ♂ Un. Graphium chironides chironides ♀ Up. Graphium chironides chironides ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Vinh Phuc, Vietnam.
Graphium chironides chironides ♂ Up. Graphium chironides chironides ♂ Un. Graphium chironides chironides ♀ Up. Graphium chironides chironides ♀ Un.
♂, Ranong, Thailand. ♀, Ranong, Thailand.
Graphium chironides chironides ♂ Up. Graphium chironides chironides ♂ Un. Graphium chironides chironides ♂ Up. Graphium chironides chironides ♂ Up.
♂, Lam Dong, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito) ♂, Tak, Thailand. ♂, Chanthaburi, Thailand.
Graphium chironides chironides ♂ Up. Graphium chironides chironides ♂ Un. Graphium chironides chironides ♂ genitalia Graphium chironides chironides ♂ genitalia
♂, Attapeu, Laos. (photo by A.M.Cotton) ♂ genitalia, Mae Hong Son, Thailand.

ON : Papilio chiron var.chironides Honrath, 1884
OD : Berl. ent. Z. 28:397, pl.10, fig.4.
TL : Darjeeling, Sikkim.
Distribution : Nepal, India to Myanmar, Thailand,
Laos, Vietnam, Yunnan.
● ssp.chironides
ssp.malayanum
Graphium chironides chironides Map

Synonyms

Papilio chiron Wallace, 1865 : Trans. linn. Soc. Lond. 25(1):66. TL. Assam, Sylhet. (homonym)
Papilio bathycles chiron f.vern.ligyra Jordan, 1909 : in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 9:100. (Spring Form)
Graphium clanis chironicum Eliot,1982 : Malay. Nat. J. 35:180. (Proposed as a replacement name for Papilio chiron)
Arisbe chironides punctatus ; Page & Treadaway,2014 : Stutt. Beit. Natur. Serie A, Neue Ser. 7:279-280, figs.36(HT,♂),37(PT,♀),38(PT,♂),39(PT,♂). TL. Mt.Phupien Kaxieng, Danchung [Dakchung], Xekong, Laos. (SMF)


Type Materials Information

ligyra ; ♂, Type (red), Sikkim, Marz.April. H.Fruhstorfer. (NHML, examined)
punctatus ;
Holotype ♂, 1-10.Jun.2007. Mt.Phupien Kaxieng, Danchung [Dakchung], Xekong, Laos. R.Westphal (SMF)
Paratypes : 5♂ 2♀, same data as holotype. (M.G.Page) ;
2♂, Phrae, Thailand. (M.G.Page) ; 5♂, Ya Mo Kwi, Umphang, Tak, Thailand. (M.G.Page) ; 3♂ 1♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand. (M.G.Page) ;
1♂, Khao Soi Dao, Chanthaburi, Thailand. (M.G.Page) ; 2♂, Dak Lak, Vietnam. (M.G.Page)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Papilio bathycles ; Godfrey,1916 : 112. (record from Bingham, Faun. Fr. Ind. Butts. 2:108)
Papilio bathycles chiron : Godfrey,1927 : 120. (N)
Papilio bathycles chiron : Godfrey,1930 : 218. (Prae; Chiang Rai; Chiang Mai; Me Lamoung)
Graphium bathycles chiron ; Pinratana,1977 : 58, figs.P47a♂,♂(Un). (except P)
Graphium chironides chironides ; Pinratana & Eliot,1992 : 36,46, pl.67, figs.59,♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai; Chanthaburi; Kanchanaburi; Phetchaburi)
Graphium chironides chironides ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 120, pl.33, figs.P68,♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai; Kanchanaburi; Chanthaburi; Ranong)
Graphium chironides malayanum ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 120, pl.33, figs.P68,♂,♂(Un). (Phang-nga; 'Than To' [loc.err.])
Graphium chironides chironides ; Racheli & Cotton,2009 : 41. (Thailand)
Graphium chironides chironides ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 139, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Doi Pha Hom Pok; Doi Chiang Dao; Doi Suthep; Khun Lao Village; Maethro; Phu Khiewo; Kao Soi Dao; Thung Yai)
Graphium chironides malayanum ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 139."
Graphium chironides chironides ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 120, pl.33, figs.P65,♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai; Kanchanaburi; Chanthaburi; Phangnga; 'Than To' [loc.err.])
Arisbe chironides punctatus ; Page & Treadaway,2014 : 279-280, fig.39(PT,♂). (Phrae; Tak; Chiang Mai; Chanthaburi)
Graphium chironides chironides ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, fig. (Chiang Mai; Phetchaburi) (accessed: 2022.06.10)

[ LAOS ]
Graphium chiron ssp. ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 47, pl.10, figs.3,♂,4,♂(Un). (Vang Vieng)
Graphium chironides chironides ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 201, pl.27, figs.♂(dsf),♂(dsf,Un),♂. (Lak Sao; Phong Saly)
Graphium chironides chironides ; Cotton & Racheli,[2007] : 310-311. (accross the country)
Graphium chironides chironides ; Racheli & Cotton,2009 : 41. (Laos)
Graphium chironides chironides ; Onodera,2009b : 41. (Khammouan: Nacay)
Graphium chironides chironides ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 42.
Arisbe chironides punctatus ; Page & Treadaway,2014 : 279-280, fig.36(HT,♂),37(PT,♀),38(PT,♂). (Xekong)

[ VIETNAM ]
Papilio bathycles chiron ; Fruhstorfer,[1903] : 207-208. (Tonkin: Chiem Hoa / Annam: Xom Gom)
Papilio bathycles chiron ; Jordan,1909 : 100. (Tonkin / Annam)
Papilio bathycles chiron f.vern.ligyra ; Metaye,1957 : 84. (N / C / S)
Papilio bathycles chiron f.aest.chiron ; Metaye,1957 : 84. (N / C / S)
Graphium chironides chironides ; Ikeda et al.,1998 : 17, figs.5:3,♂, 9:16(♂genitalia). (Cuc Phuong)
Graphium chironides chironides ; Shinkai,1999 : 63. (N: Tam Dao / S: Bao Lac)
Graphium chironides chironides ; Luong et al.,2004 : 1, 28, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Graphium chironides chironides ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006 : 10, fig.Pa-30,♂. (Lam Dong: Dambri)
Graphium chironides ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 38. (Thua Thien Hue: Nam Dong; A Luoi)
Graphium chironides chironides ; Monastyrskii,2007 : 83-84, pl.26, figs.2a♂,2b♂(Un). (N: Tam Dao; Ba Be; Cuc Phuong / C: Xuang Lien; Pu Mat; Vu Quang; Ke Bang; Bach Ma; Nam Dong; Ngoc Linh; Kon Cha Rang; Bao Loc / S: Cat Tien)
Graphium chironides chironides ; Racheli & Cotton,2009 : 41. (Vietnam)
Arisbe chironides punctatus ; Page & Treadaway,2014 : 279-280. (Dak Lak)
Graphium chironides chironides ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 14. (N / C / S)
Graphium chironides chironides ; Yokochi et al.,2015 : 39. (Khanh Hoa: Hon Ba)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Rai : 3♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 23♂ 3♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lampang : 4♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchabun : 4♂ (photo by T.Aoyama).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chaiyaphum : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 12♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchaburi : 6♂ (photo by M.Hayashi and T.Aoyama).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Ranong : 2♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Bolikhamxai : 30♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Khammouan : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Attapeu : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Vinh Phuc : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lam Dong : 5♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is common in montane forest at low to moderate elevations (alt.200m - 1300m). Males frequently come to the banks of streams and puddles to suck water.
Page & Treadaway,2014 treated the populations from Laos, Thailand and Vietnam as ssp.punctatus. However, they are quite variable and more subject to seasonal and individual variation than to geographic variation, and cannot be clearly separated from the nominotypical subspecies.
Ek-Amnuay,[2007] recorded Graphium chironides malayanum from 'Phang-nga' and 'Than To', but the figured specimen is ssp.chironides. The data of 'Yala' is considered to be incorrect location or misidentification of Graphium bathycles.


Literature

Wallace, A.R.,1865 :
On the phenomena of variation and geographical distribution as illustrated by the Papilionidae of the Malayan Region.
Trans. linn. Soc. Lond. 25(1):1-71, pls.1-8.

Honrath, E.G.,1884 : Beitrage zur Kenntniss der Rhopalocera.
Berl. ent. Z. 28:395-398, pl.10.

Jordan, K.,1909 : Die Indo-Australische Tagfalter. Papilionidae in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde
9:97-104.

Eliot, J.N.,1982 : On three swallowtail butterflies from Peninsular Malayasia
Malayan Nat. J. 35:179-182.

Eliot, J.N.,1983 : Graphium clanis (Jordan): a correction
Malay. Nat. J. 36:283-284.

Page, M.G.P. & Treadaway, C.G.,2014 : Revisional notes on the Arisbe eurypylus species group (Lepidoptera: Papilionidea: Papilionidae)
Stutt. Beit. Natur. Serie A, Neue Ser. 7:253-284.


Graphium chironides chironides ♂ Graphium chironides chironides ♀
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Graphium chironides chironides ♂ Graphium chironides chironides ♀
♂, Phetchaburi, Thailand. (photo by T.Aoyama) ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Graphium chironides chironides ♂ Graphium chironides chironides ♂
♂, Phetchabun, Thailand. (photo by T.Aoyama) ♂ with sarpedon and doson, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

1996.10.08 - 2022.07.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.