Graphium septentrionicolus  Page & Treadaway, 2013

Graphium septentrionicolus ♂ Up. Graphium septentrionicolus ♂ Un. Graphium septentrionicolus ♂ Up. Graphium septentrionicolus ♂ Un.
♂ (dsf), Houaphan, Laos. (photo by A.M.Cotton) ♂ (wsf), Lao Cai, Vietnam. (photo by A.M.Cotton)
Graphium septentrionicolus ♂ Up. Graphium septentrionicolus ♂ Un. Graphium septentrionicolus ♂ genitalia Graphium septentrionicolus ♂ genitalia
♂, Kon Tum, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito) ♂ valva, Houaphan, Laos.

ON : Graphium adonarensis septentrionicolus Page & Treadaway, 2013
OD : Stutt. Beit. Natur. Serie A, Neue Ser. 6:239, figs.19(HT,♂), 20(HT,♂Un).
TL : Nowgang, Assam, India. (♂, SMF)
Distribution : Assam, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, S.Tibet, Yunnan, Fujian, Hubei.
Graphium septentrionicolus Map

Synonym

Graphium huangshanensis Wu & Ma, 2016 : Records of Butterflies in Anhui Province : 222, fig.1(♂ genitalia), 29, figs.77,♂,78,♂(Un),79,♂,80,♂(Un),81,♀. TL. Huangshan, Anhui. (♂, AHUT)


Type Materials Information

septentrionicolus ;
Holotype ♂, 14.Apr.1964. Nowgang, Assam, India. C.G.Treadaway (SMF)
Paratypes 7♂, Apr.-Jun.1962. Khasi Hills, Meghalaya, India. S.K.Sirkar (CGT) ; 5♂, Apr.-Jun.1962. Khasi Hills, Meghalaya, India. S.K.Sirkar (MGP) ;
1♂, Apr.2006. C.Fujian. P.Yang (MGP) ; 2♂, Apr.2008. C.Fujian. P.Yang (MGP) ; 1♂, Jun.1998. Shennongija, W.Hubei. P.Yang (MGP)
huangshanensis ;
Holotype ♂, 16.Jul.2000. Huangshan, Anhui. Wu Shi-jun. (AHUT)
Allotype ♀ ; Paratypes 1♂ 1♀ same locality as holotype. (AHUT)


Records taken from Literature

[ LAOS ]
Graphium septentrionicolus ; Cotton et al.,2022 : 220, fig.2G,♂,♂(Un). (Sam Neua)

[ VIETNAM ]
Graphium septentrionicolus ; Cotton et al.,2022 : 220, fig.2H,♂,♂(Un). ('Ha Giang' [recte Lao Cai]; Kon Tum)


Specimens Examined

[ LAOS ]
Houaphan : Xam Neua, 2005.03.07. 1♂, LC (AC).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Lao Cai : Sa Pa, 2007.05.--. 1♂, LC (AC).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Kon Tum : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

This taxon was recently found in this region. The species closely resembles Graphium sarpedon, especially the wet season form, and it is necessary to examine male genitalia to confirm identification. However, the male hindwing androconial fold has long cream hairs at the base, which are pure white in Graphium sarpedon.
The butterfly is uncommon in montane forest at high elevations. It is likely to be confused with Graphium sarpedon and more habitats will be discovered in the future.
In the paper of Cotton et al.,2022, the locality 'Ha Giang' in North Vietnam is an error, correctly 'Sapa, Lao Cai'.

The difference between septentrionicolus and sarpedon.
Graphium septentrionicolus ♂ genitalia Graphium septentrionicolus ♂ genitalia Graphium septentrionicolus ♂ genitalia
Graphium septentrionicolus ♂ valva & androconial hairs.
Graphium sarpedon ♂ genitalia Graphium sarpedon ♂ genitalia Graphium sarpedon ♂ genitalia
Graphium sarpedon ♂ valva & androconial hairs.


Literature

Page, M.G.P. & Treadaway, C.G.,2013 : Speciation in Graphium sarpedon (Linnaeus) and allies (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera: Papilionidae)
Stutt. Beit. Natur. Serie A, Neue Ser. 6:223-246.

Wu, S.J. & Ma, X.Y.,2016 : Records of Butterflies in Anhui Province
Anhui Scientific and Technological Publishing House, Hefei, 5 +233 p. (In Chinese)

Cotton, A.M., Doleck, T., Zhang, X, Inayoshi, Y., Lohman, D.J. & Hu, S.J.,2022 :
Graphium septentrionicolus Page & Treadaway, 2013 (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) is a distinct species
Zootaxa 5154(2):211-224.


2022.06.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.