Graphium cloanthus cloanthus  (Westwood, 1841)

Graphium cloanthus cloanthus ♂ Up. Graphium cloanthus cloanthus ♂ Un. Graphium cloanthus cloanthus ♀ Up. Graphium cloanthus cloanthus ♀ Un.
♂ (ds), Tak, Thailand. ♀ (ds), Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Graphium cloanthus cloanthus ♂ Up. Graphium cloanthus cloanthus ♂ Un. Graphium cloanthus cloanthus ♂ Up. Graphium cloanthus cloanthus ♀ Up.
♂, Nan, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

ON : Papilo cloanthus  Westwood, 1841
OD : Arcana Ent. 1:42, pl.11, fig.2.
TL : in partibus septentrionalibus Indiae orientalis.
Distribution : Nepal, India to Myanmar, Thailand, Laos,
Vietnam.
Graphium cloanthus cloanthus Map

Synonym

Papilio cloanthus cloanthus f.temp.cloanthulus Fruhstorfer, 1902 : Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 15(1):168. TL. Sikkim. (NHML)


Type Material Information

cloanthulus ; ♂, Type (red), #149393, Jun. Darjeeling, Fruhstorfer. (NHML, examined)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Papilio cloanthus cloanthus ; Godfrey,1930 : 217. (Chiang Rai: Phar Mieng; Me Lamoung: Hot Spring)
Graphium cloanthus cloanthus ; Pinratana,1977 : 55, figs.P42,♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai: Doi Inthanon)
Graphium cloanthus cloanthus ; Pinratana & Eliot,1992 : 35,46, pl.64, fig.54,♂. (Chiang Mai)
Graphium cloanthus cloanthus ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 116, pl.30, figs.P62,♂,♀[♂?]. (Doi Pha Hom Pok)
Graphium cloanthus cloanthus ; Racheli & Cotton,2009 : 48-49. (Thailand)
Graphium cloanthus cloanthus ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 136, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Doi Pha Hom Pok; Doi Chiang Dao; Khun Lao Village)
Graphium cloanthus cloanthus ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 116, pl.30, figs.P59,♂,♂. (Doi Pha Hom Pok)
Graphium cloanthus cloanthus ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Chiang Mai) (accessed: 2022.06.01)

[ LAOS ]
Papilio cloanthus f.cloanthus ; Dubois & Vitalis,1914 : 150. (Thado)
Papilio cloanthus f.cloanthus ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 15. (Thado)
Graphium cloanthus cloanthus ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 201, pl.26, figs.♂,♀. (Xam Neua)
Graphium cloanthus cloanthus ; Cotton & Racheli,[2007] : 315. (Xam Neua: Phou Phan)
Graphium cloanthus cloanthus ; Racheli & Cotton,2009 : 48-49. (Laos)
Graphium cloanthus cloanthus ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 42.

[ VIETNAM ]
Papilio cloanthus f.cloanthus ; Dubois & Vitalis,1914 : 150. (Tonkin: Chapa)
Papilio cloanthus f.cloanthus ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 15. (Tonkin: Chapa)
Papilio cloanthus cloanthus ; Metaye,1957 : 83. (N)
Graphium cloanthus cloanthus ; Shinkai,1999 : 61-62. (N: Mt.Pia Oac ; Sapa)
Graphium cloanthus cloanthus ; Monastyrskii,2007 : 78-79, pl.25, fig.1,♂. (N: Hoang Lien; Pia Oac, Ha Giang / C: Ngoc Linh)
Graphium cloanthus cloanthus ; Racheli & Cotton,2009 : 48-49. (Vietnam)
Graphium cloanthus cloanthus ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 14. (N / C)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Chiang Rai : 8♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 5♂ 4♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lampang : 4♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 3♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally common in montane forest at moderate to high elevations (alt.1000m - 2200m) and is frequently found on top of mountains. Males are territorial on trees at hilltops and fly in circles for long hours in their territorial space, and occasionally come to the banks of streams and puddles to suck water.


Literature

Westwood, J.O.,1841-1845 : Arcana entomologica, or Illustrations of new, rare, and interesting exotic insects.
William Smith, London. 8 vol.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1902 : Neue Papilio-Formen aus dem Indo-Malayischen Gebiet.
Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 15(1):161-168.


Graphium cloanthus cloanthus ♂ Graphium cloanthus cloanthus ♂
♂, Lampang, Thailand.
Graphium cloanthus cloanthus ♂ Graphium cloanthus cloanthus ♂
♂, Lampang, Thailand. 2♂ and M.lachinus (territorial fights), Chiang Mai, Thailand.

1996.10.08 - 2022.06.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.