Papilio bianor bianor  Cramer, 1777

Papilio bianor bianor ♂ Up. Papilio bianor bianor ♂ Un. Papilio bianor bianor ♀ Up. Papilio bianor bianor ♀ Up.
♂ (dsf), Ha Giang, Vietnam. (photo by A.M.Cotton) ♀ (dsf), Lao Cai, Vietnam. (photo by A.M.Cotton)
Papilio bianor bianor ♂ Up. Papilio bianor bianor ♂ Un. Papilio bianor bianor ♀ Up. Papilio bianor bianor ♀ Un.
♂ (wsf), Lao Cai, Vietnam. (photo by A.M.Cotton) ♀ (wsf), Ha Giang, Vietnam. (photo by A.M.Cotton)
Papilio bianor bianor ♂ Up. Papilio bianor bianor ♂ Up. Papilio bianor bianor ♂ Up. Papilio bianor bianor ♀ Up.
♂ (wsf), Lao Cai, Vietnam. ♀ (wsf), Lao Cai, Vietnam. (photo by A.M.Cotton)
Papilio bianor bianor ♂ Up. Papilio bianor bianor ♂ Up. Papilio bianor bianor ♂ Up. Papilio bianor bianor ♀ Up.
♂ (wsf), Vinh Phuc, Vietnam. (photo by A.M.Cotton) ♀ (wsf), Vinh Phuc, Vietnam. (photo by A.M.Cotton)

ON : Papilio bianor Cramer, 1777
OD : Uitl. Kapellen 2(9-16):10, pl.103, fig.C♀.
TL : 'China' ['Canton'].
Distribution : N.Vietnam, S.China.
● ssp.bianor
ssp.triumphator
ssp.stockleyi
ssp.pinratanai
Papilio bianor bianor Map

Synonyms

Papilio bianor gladiator Fruhstorfer, [1902] : Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 14(2):270-271. TL. Chiem-Hoa, N.Vietnam. (NHML)
Papilio polyctor titus Fruhstorfer, 1909 : Ent. Zeit. 22(41):167. TL. Chiem-Hoa, Tonkin. (NHML)


Type Materials Information

gladiator ; ♂, Type (red), #149640, Aug.Sept. Chiem-Hoa, Central Tonkin. H.Fruhstorfer (NHML, examined)
titus ; ♂, Type (red), Aug.Sept. Chiem-Hoa, Central Tonkin, H.Fruhstorfer (NHML, examined)


Records taken from Literature

[ VIETNAM ]
Papilio bianor ; Joannis,1901 : 333. (Tonkin: Cao Bang)
Papilio bianor gladiator ; Fruhstorfer,[1903] : 184-185. (Tonkin: Chiem-Hoa)
Papilio polyctor triumphator ; Fruhstorfer,[1903] : 185-186. (Tonkin: Chiem-Hoa)
Papilio bianor ab.gladiator ; Jordan,1909 : 78. (Tonkin)
Papilio polyctor triumphator ; Jordan,1909 : 79. (Tonkin)
Papilio polyctor f.triumphator ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 14. (Tonkin)
Papilio bianor f.gladiator ; Lemee,1950 : 4. (Hagiang)
Papilio bianor gladiator ; Metaye,1957 : 83. (N)
Papilio polyctor triumphator ; Metaye,1957 : 83. (N)
Papilio polyctor ganesa ; Nishimura,1997 : 55, figs.2,(ST of gladiator,♂),3(ST of gladiator,♂Un),4,♂,5,♂. (Son La: Mai Chau; Ha Tuyen: Chiem Hoa)
Papilio bianor triumphator ; Shinkai,1999 : 56. (N: Mt.Pia Oac ; Tam Dao)
Papilio bianor gladiator ; Monastyrskii,2007 : 67-69, pl.20, figs.a♂,b♂. (N: Hoang Lien; Than Moi; Ba Be; Dong Phuoc; Na Hang; Chiem Hoa; Tam Dao; Kim Hy) (in part)
Papilio bianor gladiator ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 13. (N) (in part)


Specimens Examined

[ VIETNAM ]
Lao Cai : 4♂ 3♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Ha Giang : 1♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Vinh Phuc : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is common in montane forest.
The population in N.Vietnam is generally ssp.bianor, however individuals similar or intermediate to ssp.triumphator frequently occur as Cotton et al.,2021 noted. The populations of E.Laos and southern part of N.Vietnam to C.Vietnam are also variable and intermediate individuals are occasionally seen. It seems a transition zone of both subspecies.


Literature

Cramer, P.,1777 ; De Uitlandsche Kapellen voorkomende in de drie Waereld-deelen Asia, Africa en America [Papillons Exotiques des Trois Parties du Monde l'Asie, l'Afrique et l'Amerique].
Vol.1. Amsterdam: S.J. Baalde/ Utrecht: B.Wild. 2(9-16):1-151, pl.97-192.

Fruhstorfer, H.,[1902] : Neue und seltene Lepidopteren aus Annam und Tonkin und dem malayischen Archipel.
Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 14(2):265-276, pl.5.

Jordan, K.,1909 : Die Indo-Australische Tagfalter. Papilionidae in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde
9:73-80.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1909 : Lepidopterologisches Pele-Mele. XII. Neue Rhopaloceren von Formosa und den Nachbarlandern.
Ent. Zeit. 22(41):167.

Nishimura, M.,1997 : Notes on some Papilionidae from Indo-China region (3)
Trans. lepid. Soc. Japan. 48(1):49-62. (in Japanese)

Cotton, A.M., Hu, S.J. & Inayoshi, Y.,2021 : Issues with Papilio bianor gladiator Fruhstorfer,[1902] and ganesa Doubleday,1842 (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae)
Butterflies 87:39-45.


2022.04.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.