Papilio protenor protenor  Cramer, 1775

Papilio protenor euprotenor ♂ Up. Papilio protenor euprotenor ♂ Un. Papilio protenor euprotenor ♀ Up. Papilio protenor euprotenor ♀ Up.
♂, Ha Giang, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito) ♀, Ha Giang, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito)
Papilio protenor euprotenor ♂ Up. Papilio protenor euprotenor ♂ Un. Papilio protenor euprotenor ♀ Up. Papilio protenor euprotenor ♀ Un.
♂, Lam Dong, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito) ♀, Lao Cai, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito)
Papilio protenor euprotenor ♂ Up. Papilio protenor euprotenor ♂ Un. Papilio protenor euprotenor ♀ Up. Papilio protenor euprotenor ♀ Un.
♂, Bolikhamxai, Laos. (photo by K.Saito) ♀, Bolikhamxai, Laos. (photo by K.Saito)

ON : Papilio protenor Cramer, 1775
OD : Uitl. Kapellen 1(1-7):77, pl.49, figs.A♂, B♂(Un).
TL : China. (NHML)
Distribution : Kashmir, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, Assam,
Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Taiwan, China.
Papilio protenor protenor Map

Synonyms

Papilio protenor euprotenor Fruhstorfer, 1908 : Ent. Zeit. 22(11):46. TL. Sikkim. (♂♀, NHML)
Papilio protenor euanthes Fruhstorfer, 1908 : Ent. Zeit. 22(11):46. TL. Hainan. (♂)
Papilio protenor sulpitius Fruhstorfer, 1909 : Ent. Zeit. 22(42):175. TL. Tonkin ; Annam. (♂♀, NHML)
Papilio protenor amaura Jordan, 1909 :in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 9:76. TL. Formosa. (♂, NHML)


Type Materials Information

protenor ; ♀, Syntype, #665002. verified by J.E.Chainey,2002. (NHML, photo examined)
euprotenor ;
♂, Type (red), #1493330, Guntok, Sikkim. 1894. (NHML, examined)
♀, Type AT (red), #1493331, Sikkim. (NHML, examined)
sulpitius ;
♂, Type, #149332, Chiem-Hoa, Central-Tonkin., Aug.Sept. (NHML, examined)
♀, Type, #149333, Than-Mon, Tonkin., Juni-Juli. (NHML, examined)
amaura ; ♂, Jul.96. N.Mts., Formosa. Jonas. (NHML, examined)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Papilio protenor euprotenor ; Godfrey,1916 : 111. (Phetchaburi River)
Papilio protenor euprotenor ; Godfrey,1927 : 120. (N / W: Pan Yao)
Papilio protenor euprotenor ; Godfrey,1930 : 214. ('Prae: Me Song forest'; 'Chiang Mai'; Phetchaburi River)
Papilio protenor euprotenor ; Pinratana,1977 : 44, not fig. (by literature)
Papilio protenor euprotenor ; Pinratana & Eliot,1992 : 25,43, pl.45, figs.33,♂,♂(Un). ('Chiang Mai'; Kanchanaburi; Uthai Thani)
Papilio protenor euprotenor ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 88, pl.16, figs.P32,♂,♂(Un),'♀,♀(Un)'. (Kanchanaburi; Tak)
Papilio protenor euprotenor ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 127, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Pealock)
Papilio protenor euprotenor ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 88, pl.16, figs.P30,♂,♂(Un),♀(Phetchaburi),♀(Un,Phetchaburi),'♀,♀(Un)'. (Kanchanaburi; Tak; Phetchaburi)

[ LAOS ]
Papilio protenor f.euprotenor ; Dubois & Vitalis,1914 : 149. (Laos)
Papilio protenor f.euprotenor ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 214. (Laos)
Papilio protenor euprotenor ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 46, pl.8, figs.1,♂,2,♂(Un). (Vang Vieng; Phatong; Luang Prabang)
Papilio protenor euprotenor ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 200, pl.14, figs.♂,♀. (Phong Saly)
Papilio protenor euprotenor ; Cotton & Racheli,[2007] : 356-357. (Lak Sao; Phou Chomvoy)
Papilio protenor euprotenor ; Onodera,2009b : 42,43. (Bolikhamxai: Phon Si)
Papilio protenor euprotenor ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 41.

[ VIETNAM ]
Papilio protenor ; Joannis,1901 : 333. (Tonkin: Cao Bang)
Papilio protenor ; Fruhstorfer,[1903] : 174. (Than-Moi; Chim-Hoa; Phuc-Son)
Papilio protenor euprotenor ; Jordan,1908-1909 : 75. (Tonkin)
Papilio protenor f.euprotenor ; Dubois & Vitalis,1914 : 149. (Annam / Tonkin)
Papilio protenor f.euprotenor ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 214. (Annam / Tonkin)
Papilio protenor euprotenor ; Metaye,1957 : 83. (N / C / S)
Papilio protenor euprotenor ; Ikeda et al.,1998 : 17, figs.4:9,♀,10,♀(Un),11,♂, 9:10(♂genitalia). (Cuc Phuong)
Papilio protenor euprotenor ; Shinkai,1999 : 55. (N: Mt.Pia Oac; Tam Dao / S: Bao Lac)
Papilio protenor euprotenor ; Luong et al.,2004 : 1, 25, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Papilio protenor euprotenor ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006 : 7, fig.Pa-17,♂. (Lam Dong: Madagui)
Papilio protenor ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 38. (Thua Thien Hue: Nam Dong; A Luoi; Huong Thuy; Bach Ma)
Papilio protenor euprotenor ; Monastyrskii,2007 : 62-63, pl.17, figs.1a♂,1b♂(Un). (throughout Vietnam)
Papilio protenor euprotenor ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2007c : 36, fig.pa-17,♀. (Lam Dong: Madagui)
Papilio protenor euprotenor ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 13. (N / C / S)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 4♂ (RIEB).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 1♂ (photo by K.Saito).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Kanchanaburi : 2♂ 3♀ (photo by K.Saito).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchaburi : 6♂ (RIEB).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Prachuap Khirikhan : 2♂ (RIEB).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Oudomxay : 3♂ 1♀ (photo by K.Phongpiyamit).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Xieng Khouang : 1♂ (RIEB).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Houaphan : 1♀ (photo by K.Saito).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Bolikhamxai : 8♂ 2♀ (photo by K.Saito).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Lao Cai : 1♂ 1♀ (photo by K.Saito).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Ha Giang : 1♂ 1♀ (photo by K.Saito).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Ninh Binh : 1♀ (photo by K.Saito).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lam Dong : 1♂ (RIEB).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
The butterfly is locally common in montane forest at low to moderate elevations (alt.320m - 750m).
Godfrey,1930 recorded it in 'Chiang Mai' and 'Phrae', but these are very doubtful. The female specimen shown in Ek-Amnuay,[2007] and at the bottom in Ek-Amnuay,2012, might be from outside Thailand.
Literature

Cramer, P.,1775-1776 :
Uitlandsche Kapellen. voorkomende in de drie Waereld-Deelen Asia, Africa en America, by een verzameld en bescreeven.
Amsterdam. Baalde, and Utrecht, Wild. 1(1-7):xxx + 16 + 132pp, pl.1-84, (1775) ; 1(8):133-156, pl.85-96, (1776).

Fruhstorfer, H.,1908 : Lepidopterologisches Pele-Mele. I. Neue ostasiatische Rhopaloceren.
Ent. Zeit. 22(11):46-47.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1909 : Neue asiatische Papilio-Rassen.
Ent. Zeit. 22(42):175-176 ; 22(43):177-179.

Jordan, K.,1909 : Die Indo-Australische Tagfalter. Papilionidae in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde
9:73-80.

Fujioka, T., Tsukiyama, H. & Chiba, H.,1997 : Japanese butterflies and their relatives in the world 1 Hesperiidae/ Papilionidae
Shuppan Geijutu Co. Ltd., Tokyo (in Japanese with English summary)


Papilio protenor protenor ♂ Papilio protenor protenor ♀
♂, Oudomxay, Laos. (photo by K.Phongpiyamit) ♀, Oudomxay, Laos. (photo by K.Phongpiyamit)
Papilio protenor protenor ♂ Papilio protenor protenor ♂
♂, Oudomxay, Laos. (photo by K.Phongpiyamit) ♂, Bolikhamxai, Laos. (photo by K.Phongpiyamit)

1996.10.02 - 2022.05.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.