Papilio alcmenor publilius  Fruhstorfer, 1909

Papilio alcmenor publilius ♂ Up. Papilio alcmenor publilius ♂ Un. Papilio alcmenor publilius ♀ Up. Papilio alcmenor publilius ♀ Un.
♂, Tak, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Papilio alcmenor publilius ♂ Up. Papilio alcmenor publilius ♂ Un. Papilio alcmenor publilius ♀ Up. Papilio alcmenor publilius ♀ Un.
♂, Tak, Thailand. (photo by A.M.Cotton) ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand. (photo by A.M.Cotton)
Papilio alcmenor publilius ♂ Up. Papilio alcmenor publilius ♂ Un. Papilio alcmenor publilius ♂ Up. Papilio alcmenor publilius ♂ Un.
♂, Lampang, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai (Doi Saket dist.), Thailand.

ON : Papilio rhetenor publilius Fruhstorfer, 1909
OD : Ent. Zeit. 22(42):175.
TL : Lower Bruma. (♂, NHML)
Distribution : S.Myanmar, W. & N.Thailand.
● ssp.alcmenor
ssp.publilius (transition zone to ssp.alcmenor)
ssp.publilius
ssp.?? (not confirmed yet)
Papilio alcmenor alcmenor Map

Type Material Information

♂, Type (red), #149329, Lower Burma. (NHML, examined)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Papilio rhetenor rhetenor ; Godfrey,1927 : 120. (N)
Papilio rhetenor rhetenor ; Godfrey,1930 : 214. (Chiang Mai; Chiang Rai; W: Pan Yao)
Papilio rhetenor rhetenor ; Pinratana,1977 : 44, figs.P31,♂,♂(Un) ; 45, figs.P31,♂,♀. (Chiang Mai)
Papilio alcmenor publilius ; Pinratana & Eliot,1992 : 25,43, pl.43, figs.32,♂,♂(f.leucocelis) ; pl.44, figs.32,♂(f.leucocelis),♀. (Chiang Mai)
Papilio alcmenor alcmenor ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 88, pl.15, figs.P31,♂,♂(Un),♂(Un),♂(f.leucocelis),♂(f.leucocelis),♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Dao; Wiang Pa Pao)
Papilio alcmenor publilius ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 126, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Pha Hom Pok; Khun Lao Village; Doi Chinag Dao; Doi Suthep; Doi Inthanon)
Papilio alcmenor alcmenor ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 84, pl.15, figs.P29,♂,♂(Un),♂(f.leucocelis),♂(Un),♂(f.leucocelis ab.),♀,♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Dao; Wiang Pa Pao)
Papilio alcmenor alcmenor ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Chiang Mai; Phetchabun) (accessed: 2022.01.19)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Rai : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 11♂ 3♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lampang : 3♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally common in montane forest at low to high elevations (alt.400m - 1800m). Males form flight paths along streams or forest edges, and frequently come to the banks of streams and puddles to suck water. Males of this subspecies seem to mimic Atrophaneura varuna zaleucus, but are not similar in flight. On the other hand, females mimic Byasa dasarada and polyeuctes, closely resembling the models so much that they are indistinguishable in flight.
In the area East of Chiang Mai city, from Doi Saket dist., Mae On dist. and Wiang Pa Pao to Lampang province, it is generally ssp.publilius, however some intermediate individuals to the nominotypical subspecies are found occasionally. It seems a transition zone of both subspecies. The population in Petchabun is known only from a photo in nature and without any specimens, so it has not been confirmed what subspecies it is. Confirmation by specimens is needed.


Literature

Fruhstorfer, H.,1909 : Neue asiatische Papilio-Rassen.
Ent. Zeit. 22(42):175-176 ; 22(43):177-179.


Papilio alcmenor publilius ♂ Papilio alcmenor publilius ♂
♂, Chiang Mai. Thailand. 3♂, Chiang Mai. Thailand.
Papilio alcmenor publilius ♂ Papilio alcmenor publilius ♂
♂, Chiang Mai. Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai. Thailand.
Papilio alcmenor publilius ♂ Papilio alcmenor publilius ♂
♂, Chiang Mai (Doi Saket dist.). Thailand. ♂, Lampang. Thailand.

2022.03.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.