Papilio nephelus annulus  Pendlebury, 1936

Papilio nephelus annulus ♂ Up. Papilio nephelus annulus ♂ Un. Papilio nephelus annulus ♀ Up. Papilio nephelus annulus ♀ Un.
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♀, Yala, Thailand.
Papilio nephelus annulus ♂ Up. Papilio nephelus annulus ♂ Un. Papilio nephelus annulus ♀ Up. Papilio nephelus annulus ♀ Un.
♂, Ranong, Thailand. ♀, Ranong, Thailand.
Papilio nephelus annulus ♂ Up. Papilio nephelus annulus ♂ Un. Papilio nephelus annulus ♂ Up. Papilio nephelus annulus ♂ Un.
♂, Ranong, Thailand. (photo by A.M.Cotton) ♂, Phuket, Thailand.
Papilio nephelus annulus ♂ Up. Papilio nephelus annulus ♂ Un. Papilio nephelus annulus ♂ Up. Papilio nephelus annulus ♂ Un.
♂, Satun, Thailand. ♂, Yala, Thailand. (photo by A.M.Cotton)

ON : Papilio nephelus annulus Pendlebury, 1936
OD : J. Fed. Malay St. Mus. 18(1):180-181.
TL : Nakhon Sri Tamarat ; Trang, P.Siam.
Distribution : S.Myanmar, P.Thailand, Langkawi,
W.Malaysia (North).
● ssp.chaon
transition zone of chaon and annulus
ssp.annulus
transition zone of annulus and sunatus
Papilio nephelus annulus map

Synonym

Papilio chaon raya Corbet, 1937 : Proc. R. ent. Soc. Lond. (B)6(3):46. TL. Langkawi. (♂, NHML)


Type Materials Information

raya ;
♂, Holotype (red), 6.Sep.1932. Pulau Langkawi, A.S.Corbet (NHML, examined)
♀, Allotype (red), 6.Sep.1932. Pulau Langkawi, A.S.Corbet (NHML, examined)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Papilio nephelus saturnus ; Pendlebury,1923 : 23. (Nakhon Sri Thammarat: Khao Ram)
Papilio nephelus saturnus ; Godfrey,1930 : 212. (Bangnara; Nakhon Sri Thammarat)
Papilio chaon chaon ; Godfrey,1932a : 264. (P)
Papilio nephelus saturnus ; Godfrey,1932a : 264. (P)
Papilio nephelus raya ; Pinratana,1977 : 34, figs.P24b♀,♀(Un). (in part)
Papilio nephelus annulus ; Pinratana & Eliot,1992 : 23,42, pl.32, fig.27b♂(Un) ; pl.33, figs.27b♂,♀. (Trang)
Papilio nephelus annulus ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 80, pl.12, figs.P28b♂,♂(Un). (Krabi)
Papilio nephelus sunatus ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : pl.12, fig.P28c,♂(bottom). (in part)
Papilio nephelus annulus ; Les Day,2011- : Samui Butterflies, figs. (Koh Samui) (accessed: 2022.01.19)
Papilio nephelus annulus ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 124, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Key Rap Nam; Ka Chong)
Papilio nephelus annulus ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 80, pl.12, figs.P26b♂,♂(Un). (Krabi; Phuket; Ranong)
Papilio nephelus sunatus ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : pl.12, fig.P26c♂(bottom). (in part)
Papilio nephelus sunatus ; Küppers & Janikorn,2017 : 158, figs.Abb.Pa-080-081. (Phang Nga)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Ranong : 5♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phangnga : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phuket : 3♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Si Thammarat : 2♀ (photo by A.Giudici).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Satun (Koh Tarutao) : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 3♂ 1♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is common in montane forest at low to moderate elevations (alt.30m - 600m).
As mentioned in Papilio nephelus chaon, the area from Tak to Phetchaburi is a transition zone between ssp.chaon and ssp.annulus. These intermediate individuals occasionally occur in Chiang Mai, N.Thailand and Ranong, P.Thailand. On the other hand, this taxon is mainly found south of Ranong, however it is found sympatric with ssp.sunatus from Hat Yai to Yala. And individuals intermediate between the two are seen occasionally. It seems a transition zone between ssp.annulus and ssp.sunatus. Further taxonomic study is needed.


Literature

Pendlebury, H.M.,1936 : Some new records of butterflies from the Malay Peninsula.
J. Fed. Malay St. Mus. 18(1):178-186.

Corbet, A.S.,1937 : Observations on Species of Papilionidae, Pieridae and Danaidae from the Malay Peninsula.
Proc. R. ent. Soc. Lond. (B)6(3):45-52.

Eliot, J.N.,1978 ; In Corbet & Pendlebury. The Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula, edn. 3.
Malayan Nature Society, Kuala Lumpur.


Papilio nephelus annulus ♂ Papilio nephelus annulus ♀
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♀, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand. (photo by A.Giudici)
Papilio nephelus annulus ♂ Papilio nephelus annulus ♀
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♀, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand. (photo by A.Giudici)
Papilio nephelus annulus ♂ Papilio nephelus annulus ♂
♂, Yala, Thailand. (photo by S.Atdhabhan) ♂, Yala, Thailand. (photo by S.Atdhabhan)

1996.10.02 - 2022.01.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.