Papilio xuthus xuthus  Linnaeus, 1767

Papilio xuthus ♂ Up. Papilio xuthus ♂ Un. Papilio xuthus ♂ Up. Papilio xuthus ♂ Un.
♂ (dsf), Ha Giang, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito) ♂ (wsf), Lao Cai, Vietnam. (photo by A.M.Cotton)

ON : Papilio xuthus Linnaeus, 1767
OD : Syst. nat. (ed.12) 1(2):751.
TL : 'India orientali' [Kanton, China]
Distribution : N.Myanmar, N.Vietnam to China, Taiwan,
Far east Russia, Korea, Japan, Guam, Hawaii.
Papilio xuthus map

Synonyms

Papilio xuthulus Bremer, 1861 : Bull. Acad. Sci. St. Petersbourg 3:463-464. TL. Bureja Mountains, Amur.
Papilio xuthulinus Murray, 1874 : Ent. mon. Mag. 11:166. TL. Yokohama, Japan.
Papilio xanthus koxinga Fruhstorfer, 1908 : Ent. Zeit. 22(11):46. TL. Formosa. (NHML)
Papilio xanthus neoxuthus Fruhstorfer, 1908 : Ent. Zeit. 22(11):46-47. TL. Ta-Tsien-lu, Tibet.
Papilio neoxanthus forma.xuthina Fruhstorfer, 1908 : Ent. Z. Stuttgart 22(11):47. TL. Siao-Lou, China. (NHML)
Papilio xanthus xuthulus forma.hondoensis Fruhstorfer, 1908 : Ent. Z. Stuttgart 22(11):47. TL. Gifu, Japan. (NHML)
Papilio xuthus ab.chinensis Neuburger, 1908 : Illte. Zeit. Ent. 5:168. TL. China. (Homonym)
Papilio xuthus intermedia Stichel, 1910 : Int. ent. Zeit. 4(7):36. TL. Japan.
Papilio xuthus ab.igneus Sheljuzhko, 1913 : Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 27(1):15. TL. Ogaki, Japan. (♂)
Papilio xuthus xuthulus f.rubrolunata Closs, 1918 : Int. ent. Zeit. 11(21):194-195. TL. not stated. (♀)
Papilio xanthus xanthus ab.fulvescens Wnukowsky, 1928 : Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 42:1. TL.Mazujama, Japan.
Papilio xuthus xuthus aber.feminisimilis Mell, 1938 : Deut. ent. Zeit. 1938(2):306. TL. Fumei, China.
Papilio xuthus neoxuthus f.ochrea Mell, 1938 : Deut. ent. Zeit. 1938(2):306. TL. Tali, Chaochow, W.Yunnan, China.


Type Materials Information

koxinga ; ♂, Type, Formosa. Fruhstrfer Coll. (NHML, examined)
neoxuthus ; ♂, Type (red), #149299, Ta-tsien-Lou, 1899. Fruhstrfer Coll. (NHML, examined)
hondoensis ; ♂, Type (red), Gifu, Japan. Fruhstorfer Coll. (NHML, examined)
xuthina ; ♂, Type (red), #149300, Siao-Lou,1895. Fruhstorfer Coll. (NHML, examined)


Records taken from Literature

[ VIETNAM ]
Papilio xuthus ; Lemee,1950 : 4. (Hagiang)
Papilio xuthus ; Monastyrskii,2007 : 49, pl.11, figs.2a♂[♀],2b♂[♀](Un). (N: Hoang Lien; Ha Giang; Ba Be)
Papilio xuthus ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 12. (N: Lao Cai; Bac Can; Ha Giang; Cao Bang)


Specimens Examined

[ VIETNAM ]
Lao Cai : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Ha Giang : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
Literature

Linnaeus, C.,1767 : Systema naturae. Editio duodecima, reformata.
Stockholm 1(2):533-1327 + [16] pp.

Bremer, O.,1861 : Neue Lepidopteren aus Ost-Sibirien und dem Amur-Lande gesammelt von Radde und Maack, bescrieben von Otto Bremer
Bull. Acad. Sci. St. Petersb. 3:461-496.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1908 : Lepidopterologisches Pele-Mele. I. Neue ostasiatische Rhopaloceren.
Ent. Zeit. 22(11):46-47.

Neuburger, W.,1908 : Papilio xuthus ab. (chinensis Neubgr.). (Lep.)
Illte. Zeit. Ent. 5:168.

Stichel, H.,1910 : Leitbericht.
Int. ent. Zeit. 4(7):35-36.

Closs, A.G.,1918 : Berliner Entomologen-Bund. Sitzung am 29. Mai 1917.
Int. ent. Zeit. 11(21):194-195.

Wnukowsky, W.,1928 : Lepidopteren aus der Umgebung der Stadt Mazujama (Japan).
Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 42:1-4.

Mell, R.E.,1938 : Beitrage zur Fauna Sinica. XVIII. Inventur und okologisches Material zu einer Biologie der Sudchinesischen Lepidopteren.
Deut. ent. Zeit. 1938(2):197-345.

Fujioka, T., Tsukiyama, H. & Chiba, H.,1997 : Japanese butterflies and their relatives in the world 1 Hesperiidae/ Papilionidae
Shuppan Geijutu Co. Ltd., Tokyo (in Japanese with English summary)


1996.09.26 - 2022.01.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.