Chilasa paradoxa aenigma  (Wallace, 1865)

Chilasa paradoxa aenigma ♂ Up. Chilasa paradoxa aenigma ♂ Un. Chilasa paradoxa aenigma ♀ Up. Chilasa paradoxa aenigma ♀ Un.
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♀, Ranong, Thailand. (photo by E.Ikari)
Chilasa paradoxa aenigma ♂ Up. Chilasa paradoxa aenigma ♂ Un. Chilasa paradoxa aenigma ♂ Up. Chilasa paradoxa aenigma ♂ Un.
♂, Ranong, Thailand. ♂, Narathiwat, Thailand. (photo by A.M.Cotton)

ON : Papilio aenigma Wallace, 1865
OD : Trans. linn. soc. Lond. 25(1):60, pl.7, fig.3,♂.
TL : Malacca ; Sumatra. (♂, NHML)
Distribution : P.Thailand (Ranong and Southward),
W.Malaysia, {Singapore}, Sumatra, Banka.
● ssp.telearchus
ssp.aenigma
Chilasa paradoxa aenigma map

Synonyms

Papilio butleri Janson, 1879 : Cistula Entomologica 2:433, pl.8, fig.3. TL. Malacca. (♂, NHML)
Papilio caunus aegialus Distant, 1883 : Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5)12:352. TL. Singapore.
Papilio velutinus Butler, 1885 : Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5)16:343. TL. Sumatra. (♂, NHML)
Papilio butleri fuscus Hagen, 1892 : Berl. ent. Z. 37(2):155. TL. Banka.
Papilio penomimus Martin, 1895 : Tagsschmett. Nord.-Sumatra [1]:2-5. TL. N.E.Sumatra. (♀, NHML)
Papilio paradoxus telesicles ♂ab.distanti Rothschild, 1895 : Novit. zool. 2(3):373. TL. Malacca.
Papilio paradoxus telesicles ♀ab.nepticula Rothschild, 1895 : Novit. zool. 2(3):374. TL. Malacca.
Papilio paradoxus telesicles ♀ab.haasei Rothschild, 1895 : Novit. zool. 2(3):375. TL. Malacca.
Chilasa paradoxa aenigma ♀f.andromima Eliot, 1980 : Malay Nat. J. 33(3/4):139, fig.1,♀,2,♀(Un). TL. Selangor, Malay Pen.(♀, NHML)
Chilasa paradoxa aenigma ♂f.eucyanoides Eliot, 1980 : Malay Nat. J. 33(3/4):140, fig.3,♂. TL. Selangor, Malay Pen.(♂, NHML)


Type Materials Information

aenigma ; ♂, Type (red), Rh10901, #149304, Sumatra. Hewitson Coll. (NHML, examined)
butleri ; ♂, Type, E.Indies (?Malacca). (NHML, examined)
velutinus ; ♂, Type (red), Rh10902, Sumatra. Hewitson Coll. (NHML, examined)
penomimus ; ♀, Type, Battak Mts., N.E.Sum., III-94, Dr.Martin. (NHML, examined)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Chilasa paradoxa aenigma ; Pinratana,1977 : 28, pl.28, fig.P19,♀[♂]. (Thailand)
Chilasa paradoxa aenigma ; Pinratana & Eliot,1992 : 20,41, pl.23, fig.20b♂(f.aenigma) ; pl.24, figs.20b♂,♀(f.aegialus). (Ranong; Trang; Yala)
Chilasa paradoxa aenigma ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 100, pl.23, figs.P47b♂,♀(f.aegialus),♂(f.aenigma),♀(f.haasei). (Ranong; Trang; Yala)
Chilasa paradoxa aenigma ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 121, figs.f.aenigma♂,♂(Un); f.aegialus♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Khlong Naka; Kam Puan)
Papilio paradoxa aenigma ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 102, pl.23, figs.P44b♂(f.aegialus),♀(f.aegialus),♂(f.aenigma),♀(f.haasei). (Ranong; Trang; Yala)
Papilio paradoxa aenigma ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Nakhon Si Thammarat; Yala) (accessed: 2021.11.23)
Chilasa paradoxa aenigma ; Küppers & Janikorn,2017 : 155, figs.Abb.Pa-072-073. (Phang Nga)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Ranong : 5♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Surat Thani : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 5♂ (incl.photo and photo by P.Sukkit and S.Atdhabhan).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Narathiwat : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally not rare in montane forest at low to moderate elevations (alt.30m - 550m). Both sexes are polymorphic, with f.aenigma very similar to Euploea mulciber and f.aegiatus to Euploea radamantus. In flight, they are indistinguishable.


Literature

Wallace, A.R.,1865 :
On the phenomena of variation and geographical distribution as illustrated by the Papilionidae of the Malayan Region.
Trans. linn. Soc. Lond. 25(1):1-71, pls.1-8.

Janson, O.E.,1879 : Descriptions of two new Eastern species of the genus Papilio.
Cistula Entomologica. 2:433-434, pl.8, figs.2,3.

Distant, W.L.,1883 : Contributions to a Knowledge of Malayan Entomology. Part II.
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5)12:351-353.

Butler, A.G.,1885 : On a collection of Lepidoptera made at Manipur and on the borders of Assam by Dr.George Watt.
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5)16:298-310, 334-347, pl.8.

Hagen, B.,1892 : Beitrag zur Kenntniss der Rhopaloceren der Insel Banka.
Berl. ent. Z. 37(2):139-158.

Martin, L.,1895 : Einige neue Tagschmetterlinge von Nordost Sumatra [1]:1-7.

Rothschild, L.W.,1895 : A revision of the Papilios of the Eastern Hemisphere, exclusive of Africa.
Novit. zool. 2(3):167-463, pl.4.

Eliot, J.N.,1980 : New Information on the butterflies of the Malay Peninsula.
Malay Nat. J. 33(3/4):137-155, 16 figs.

Eliot, J.N.,1992 : In Corbet & Pendlebury. The Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula, edn. 4.
Malayan Nature Society, Kuala Lumpur.


Chilasa paradoxa aenigma ♂ Chilasa paradoxa aenigma ♂
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♂, Yala, Thailand. (photo by S.Atdhabhan)
Chilasa paradoxa aenigma ♂ Chilasa paradoxa aenigma ♂
♂, Yala, Thailand. (photo by P.Sukkit) ♂, Yala, Thailand.
Chilasa paradoxa aenigma larva
larva, Yala, Thailand.

1996.09.26 - 2021.12.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.