Chilasa clytia clytia  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Chilasa clytia clytia ♂ Up. Chilasa clytia clytia ♂ Un. Chilasa clytia clytia ♀ Up. Chilasa clytia clytia ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Rai, Thailand. ♀, Nan, Thailand.
Chilasa clytia clytia ♂ Up. Chilasa clytia clytia ♀ Up. Chilasa clytia clytia ♀ Up. Chilasa clytia clytia ♀ Up.
♂, Tak, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Mukdahan, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

ON : Papilio clytia  Linnaeus, 1758
OD : Syst. nat. (ed.10) 1:479.
TL : Indiis.
Distribution : Sri Lanka, India to Myanmar, Thailand, Laos,
Canbodia, Vietnam, Langkawi, W.Malaysia, Singapore, China,
Hainan, Hong Kong.
Chilasa clytia clytia map

Synonyms

Papilio dissimilis Linnaeus, 1758 : Syst. nat. (ed. 10) 1:479. TL. 'Asia'.
Papilio panope Linnaeus, 1858 : Syst. nat. (ed. 10) 1:479. TL. 'Asia'.
Papilio papone Westwood, 1872 : Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 20(2):94-95, pl.3, fig.2. TL. India orientali.
Papilio saturata Moore, 1878 : Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878(3):697. TL. Hainan. (♂, NHML)
Papilio onpape Moore, [1879] : Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878(4):840. TL. Houngduran source ; Naththoung, U.Tenasserim. (♂, NHML)
Papilio casyapa Moore, 1879 : Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1879(1):143. TL. Calcutta. (♂♀, NHML)
Papilio lankeswara Moore, 1879 : Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1879(1):143. TL. Ceylon. (♀, NHML)
Chilasa clytioides Moore, 1881 : Lep. Ceylon 1:154, pl.56, fig.1. TL. Ceylon.
Papilio clytia ab.commixtus Rothschild, 1895 : Novit. zool. 2(3):367. TL. Khasia Hills.
Arisbe similis Grote, 1899 : Proc. Amer. phil. Soc. 38:30, pl.4, fig.11.
Papilio clytia onpape ab.janus Fruhstorfer, 1901 : Ins. Borse 18:413. TL. Annam ; Siam.
Papilio clytia ab.saturatior Fruhstorfer, 1903 : Berl. ent. Z. 47(3/4):179. TL. Than Moi, Tonkin.
Papilio clytia lanata Fruhstorfer, 1907 : Ent. Zeit. 20:269. TL. Sud-Indien. (♂, NHML)
Papilio clytia f.vitalisi Dubois, 1914 : Annls. Soc. ent. Belg. 58:147-148. TL. Hue, Annam.
Chilasa clytia v.dissimila Evans, 1923 : J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 29(1):234. TL. Ceylon. (♂, NHML)
Chilasa clytia v.dissimillima Evans, 1923 : J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 29(1):234. TL. N.E.India-Burma. (♂,♀, NHML)
Papilio clytia dissimilis ab.nigra Dufrane, 1933 : Lambillionea. 33:164. TL. Cho Ganh. (Tonkin)
Papilio clytia dissimilis ab.pallida Dufrane, 1933 : Lambillionea. 33:164. TL. Cho Ganh. (Tonkin)


Type Materials Information

saturata ; ♂, Type (red), Rh10897, #149309, Hainan China. (NHML, examined)
onpape ; ♂, Type (red), Rh10895, #149308, Hondurang source, Upper Tenasserim. H.Fruhstorfer (NHML, examined)
casyapa ; ♂, Type (red), Rh10893, India, Calcutta. (NHML, examined) ; ♀, Type (red), Rh10894, Calcutta Dist, Bengal. Russell. (NHML, examined)
lankeswara ; ♀, Type (red), Rh10890, Ceylon. (NHML, examined)
lanata ; ♂, Type (red), Malabar, India. (NHML, examined)
dissimila ; ♂, Type (red), Rh10891, Ceylon. (NHML, examined)
dissimillima ; ♂, Type (red), Sikkim. (NHML, examined) ; ♀, Type (red), Rh10896, Assam. (NHML, examined)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Papilio clytia ab.papone ; Fruhstorfer,1903 : 179-182. (Muok-Lek)
Papilio clytia ab.dissimilis ; Fruhstorfer,1903 : 179-182. (Muok-Lek)
Papilio clytia panope ; Fruhstorfer,1903 : 179-182. (Muok-Lek)
Papilio clytia panope ab.onpape ; Fruhstorfer,1903 : 179-182. (Muok-Lek)
Papilio clytia ab.janus ; Fruhstorfer,1903 : 179-182. (Muok-Lek)
Papilio clytia clytia ; Jordan,1909 : 42. (Siam)
Papilio clytia clytia f.clytia ; Jordan,1909 : 42. (Siam)
Papilio clytia clytia f.papone ; Jordan,1909 : 42. (Siam)
Papilio clytia clytia f.janus ; Jordan,1909 : 42. (Siam)
Papilio clytia clytia f.panope ; Jordan,1909 : 42. (Siam)
Papilio clytia clytia f.onpape ; Jordan,1909 : 42. (Siam)
Papilio clytia ; Godfrey,1916 ; 109.
Papilio clytia f.panope ; Dubois & Vitalis,1914 : 147. (Siam)
Papilio clytia f.onpape ; Dubois & Vitalis,1914 : 147. (Siam)
Papilio clytia f.panope ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 211. (Siam)
Papilio clytia f.onpape ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 211. (Siam)
Papilio clytia clytia f.dissimilis ; Pendlebury,1923 : 23. (Nakhon Sri Thammarat: Khao Ram; Lan Saka)
Papilio clytia clytia f.papone ; Pendlebury,1923 : 23. (Nakhon Sri Thammarat: Tai Sai River)
Papilio clytia ; Godfrey,1927 : 119. (N)
Papilio clytia ; Godfrey,1930 : 210. (all over)
Papilio clytia clytia ; Godfrey,1932a : 263. (P)
Papilio clytia janus ; Davidson & Macbeth,1938 : 68. (Lampang: Me Chang Forest; C: Paknampoh)
Papilio clytia dissimillima ; Davidson & Macbeth,1938 : 68. (Chonburi: Sriracha)
Chilasa clytia clytia (f.clytia) ; Pinratana,1977 : 24, fig.P18a♂. (all over)
Chilasa clytia clytia (f.papone) ; Pinratana,1977 : 24, fig.P18b♂. (all over)
Chilasa clytia clytia (f.janus) ; Pinratana,1977 : 25, fig.P18c♂. (Loei: Phu Kieu)
Chilasa clytia clytia (f.onpape) ; Pinratana,1977 : 25, fig.P18d♂. (Chiang Mai; Loei: Phu Kieu)
Chilasa clytia clytia (f.panope) ; Pinratana,1977 : 26, fig.P18e♂. (Nakhon Sri Thammarat)
Chilasa clytia clytia (f.dissimilis) ; Pinratana,1977 : 27, fig.P18g♂. (all over)
Chilasa clytia clytia (f.dissimillima) ; Pinratana,1977 : 27, fig.P18h♀. (N)
Chilasa clytia clytia f.clytia ; Pinratana & Eliot,1992 : 19,41, pl.21, fig.19,♂[♀]. (Chaiyaphum; Kanchanaburi; Nakhon Ratchasima; Phitsanulok; Ratchaburi)
Chilasa clytia clytia f.papone ; Pinratana & Eliot,1992 : 19,41, pl.21, fig.19,♂. (Chaiyaphum; Kanchanaburi; Nakhon Ratchasima; Trang)
Chilasa clytia clytia f.janus ; Pinratana & Eliot,1992 : 19,41, pl.21, fig.19,♂. (Chaiyaphum; Chonburi; Kanchanaburi)
Chilasa clytia clytia f.onpape ; Pinratana & Eliot,1992 : 19,41, pl.22. (Ratchaburi; Rayong; Trang)
Chilasa clytia clytia f.panope ; Pinratana & Eliot,1992 : 19,41. not fig. (Chiang Mai; Kanchanaburi)
Chilasa clytia clytia f.dissimilis ; Pinratana & Eliot,1992 : 19,41, pl.22, fig.19,♂. (Chiang Mai; Kanchanaburi; Nakhon Nayok; Nakhon Ratchasima; Ratchaburi)
Chilasa clytia clytia f.dissimillima ; Pinratana & Eliot,1992 : 19,41, pl.22, fig.19,♀. (Chiang Mai; Ratchaburi)
Chilasa clytia clytia ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 15, fig.34,♂. (Mukdahan: Ban Lao Kram; Phu Huay Sing; Nam Tok Tad Ton; Nam Tok Kham Cha I; Ban Na Lak; Ubon Ratchathani: Kaeng Tana)
Chilasa clytia clytia ; Katsuyama et al.,2005 : 64, fig.40,♂. (Umphang)
Chilasa clytia clytia ; Katsuyama et al.,2006 : 45, fig.25,♂. (Nan: Ban Nam Poon)
Chilasa clytia clytia ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 100, pl.22, figs.P46,♂(f.dissimilis),♂(f.clytia),♀,♂(f.papone),♀(f.janus),♂(f.onape[sic] ),♂(f.dissimillima). (Chiang Dao; Lamphun; Trat)
Chilasa clytia clytia ; Les Day,2011- : Samui Butterflies, figs. (Koh Samui)
Chilasa clytia clytia ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 120, figs.f.dissimilis:♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un); f.dissimilima:♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un); f.clytia:♂,♂(Un); f.onpape:♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un); f.papone:♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un); f.janus:♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Dao; Doi Suthep; Doi Inthanon; Thung Saleng Luang; Phu Khiewo; Nakohn Nayork; Wan Nam Khiewo; Bang Sarrey; Khao Khiewo; Bang Phra; Bangkok; Sai York Noi; Wang Kheo; Khao Phang WF; Ratchaburi; Ka Chong; Haadjai)
Chilasa clytia clytia ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 100, pl.22, figs.P43,♂(f.dissimilis),♂(f.clytia),♀,♂(f.papone),♀(f.janus),♂(f.onpape ),♂(f.dissimillima). (Chiang Dao; Lamphun; Trat)
Chilasa clytia clytia ; Okamoto et al.,2013 : 6. (Kanchanaburi: Mae Klong Station)
Papilio clytia clytia ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs., Early Stages. (Ratchaburi; Chachoengsao; Chanthaburi; Trat) (accessed: 2021.11.23)
Chilasa clythia [sic] clythia [sic] ; Küppers & Janikorn,2017 : 154-155, figs.Abb.Pa-066-071,164-176. (Phang Nga)

[ LAOS ]
Papilio clytia f.papone ; Dubois & Vitalis,1914 : 147. (Laos)
Papilio clytia f.janus ; Dubois & Vitalis,1914 : 147. (Laos)
Papilio clytia f.papone ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 211. (Laos)
Papilio clytia f.janus ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 211. (Laos)
Papilio clytia f.commixtus ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 9. (Ban Sai)
Papilio clytia f.papone ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 10. (Laos)
Papilio clytia f.janus ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 10. (Laos)
Papilio clytia f.panope ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 10. (Laos)
Papilio clytia f.onpape ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 10. (Laos)
Chilasa clytia clytia ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 45, pl.4, figs.1,♂,2,♂(Un),3,♂,4,♂(Un),5,♀,6,♀(Un). (Vientiane; Luang Prabang; Ban Houei Sai; Nam Ngum Dam)
Chilasa clytia clytia ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 200, pl.7, figs.♂(f.papone),♂(f.onpape),♂(f.clytia),♂(f.dissimilima),♂(f.dissimilis),♀(f.dissimilis). (Thabok; Saravan; Xaignabouri; Luang Phrabang)
Papilio clytia clytia ; Cotton & Racheli,[2007] : 361-363. (Koun Kham; Thabok; Lak Sao)
Chilasa clytia clytia ; Onodera,2009b : 42. (Bolikhamxai: Nahin)
Chilasa clytia clytia ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 41.

[ CAMBODIA ]
Papilio clytia f.papone ; Dubois & Vitalis,1914 : 147. (Cambodge)
Papilio clytia f.janus ; Dubois & Vitalis,1914 : 147. (Cambodge)
Papilio clytia f.papone ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 211. (Cambodge)
Papilio clytia f.janus ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 211. (Cambodge)
Papilio clytia f.papone ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 10. (Cambodge)
Papilio clytia f.janus ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 10. (Cambodge)
Papilio clytia ; Onodera,2008 : 59, figs.♂,♂(Un).
Papilio clytia ; Onodera,2009 : 38,40. (Siem Reap: Phnum Kulen)
Chilasa clytia clytia ; Monastyrskii et al.,2011 : 128. (Phnom Samkos W.S.)

[ VIETNAM ]
Papilio clytia var.panope ; Joannis,1901 : 332. (Tonkin: Cao Bang)
Papilio clytia var.dissimilis ; Joannis,1901 : 332. (Tonkin: Cao Bang)
Papilio clytia panope ; Fruhstorfer,1903 : 179-182. (Tonkin: Langson; Chiem-Hoa / Annam: Phuc-Son; Xom-Gom; Dran)
Papilio clytia ab.saturatus ; Fruhstorfer,1903 : 179-182. (Tonkin: Than-Moi)
Papilio clytia ab.dissimilis ; Fruhstorfer,1903 : 179-182. (Im ganzen Gebiet)
Papilio clytia panope ab.janus ; Fruhstorfer,1903 : 179-182. (Annam: Xom-Gom)
Papilio clytia ab.papone ; Fruhstorfer,1903 : 179-182. (Annam: Xom-Gom)
Papilio clytia ab.dissimilis ; Fruhstorfer,1903 : 179-182. (Annam: Phuc-Son; Xom-Gom)
Papilio clytia clytia ; Jordan,1909 : 42. (Tonkin)
Papilio clytia clytia f.panope ; Jordan,1909 : 42. (Tonkin)
Papilio clytia clytia f.onpape ; Jordan,1909 : 42. (Tonkin)
Papilio clytia papone ; Godfrey,1919 : 463. (Daban, South)
Papilio clytia f.papone ; Dubois & Vitalis,1914 : 147. (Annam)
Papilio clytia f.janus ; Dubois & Vitalis,1914 : 147. (Annam)
Papilio clytia f.panope ; Dubois & Vitalis,1914 : 147. (Tonkin)
Papilio clytia f.onpape ; Dubois & Vitalis,1914 : 147. (Tonkin)
Papilio clytia f.vitalisi ; Dubois & Vitalis,1914 : 147-148. (Annam: Hue)
Papilio clytia f.lacedemon ; Dubois & Vitalis,1914 : 148. (Annam)
Papilio clytia f.papone ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 211. (Annam)
Papilio clytia f.janus ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 211. (Annam)
Papilio clytia f.panope ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 211. (Tonkin)
Papilio clytia f.onpape ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 211. (Tonkin)
Papilio clytia f.vitalisi ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 211-212. (Annam: Hue)
Papilio clytia f.lacedemon ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 212. (Annam)
Papilio clytia f.papone ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 10. (Annam)
Papilio clytia f.janus ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 10. (Annam)
Papilio clytia f.panope ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 10. (Tonkin)
Papilio clytia f.onpape ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 10. (Tonkin)
Papilio clytia f.vitalisi ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 10. (Annam: Hue)
Papilio clytia f.lacoedemon ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 10. (Annam: Hue)
Papilio clytia ; Lemee,1950 : 3. (Sontay; Hagiang)
Papilio clytia f.dissimilis ; Lemee,1950 : 3. (Sontay; Hagiang)
Papilio clytia clytia f.clytia ; Metaye,1957 : 81. (N / C / S)
Papilio clytia clytia f.dissimilis ; Metaye,1957 : 81. (N / C / S)
Papilio clytia clytia f.papone ; Metaye,1957 : 81. (C)
Papilio clytia clytia f.janus ; Metaye,1957 : 81. (C)
Papilio clytia clytia f.panope ; Metaye,1957 : 81. (N)
Papilio clytia clytia f.onpape ; Metaye,1957 : 81. (N)
Papilio clytia clytia f.lacedemon ; Metaye,1957 : 81. (C)
Papilio clytia clytia f.vitalisi ; Metaye,1957 : 81. (C)
Chilasa clytia clytia ; Shinkai,1999 : 50-51. (N: Tam Dao ; Mt.Pia Oac; S: Bao Lac)
Chilasa clytia clytia ; Luong et al.,2004 : 1, 22, figs.♂[♀],♂[♀](Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Chilasa clytia clytia ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006 : 7, figs.pa-9,♂,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri; Bin Thuan: Dong Tien; Ho Chi Minh)
Chilasa clytia ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 38. (Thua Thien Hue: A Luoi; Huong Thuy; Phong Dien; Bach Ma)
Chilasa clytia clytia ; Monastyrskii,2007 : 42-43, pl.10, figs.a♂(f.dissimilima),b♂(f.dissimilis),c♂(f.clytia),d♂(f.janus),e♂(f.papone),f♂(f.onpape),g♂(f.vitalisi),h♂(f.?). (N: Muong Nhe; Van Ban; Tam Dao; Ba Vi / C: Xuan Lien; Pu Hoat; Bach Ma; Ba Na; Kon Plong; Kon Cha Rang; Nui Chua; Yok Don; Bao Lam / S: Hiep Hoa; Trang Bom; Nui Ong Yen; Cat Tien; La Nga)
Chilasa clytia clytia ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 12. (N / C / S)
Chilasa clytia clytia ; Saito et al.,2017 ; 77. (S: Nui Cam; Nui Coto; Nui Ket)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 3♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Rai : 3♂ 4♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 11♂ 3♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phrae : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Mukdaharn : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chonburi : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchaburi : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Ranong : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 2♂ (photo by S.Atdhabhan).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Bolikhamxai : 7♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Khammouan : 3♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Champasak : 3♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Lam Dong : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally common in montane and secondary forests at low to moderate elevations (alt.30m - 1200m). The males are territorial on canopies. Both sexes are polymorphic and quite variable, mimicking the species of Danainae, The white forms resemble Tirumala and dark forms resemble Euploea. In flight, it looks very similar to the model.


Literature

Linnaeus, C.,1758 : Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis.
Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. (Edition 10). 1(Animalia):[iv]+824pp.

Westwood, J.O.,1872 : Descriptions of some new Papilionidae.
Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 20(2):85-110, pl.3-5.

Moore, F.,1878 : List of Lepidopterous Insects collected by the late R.Swinhoe in the Island of Hainan.
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878(3):695-708.

Moore, F.,[1879] :
A list of the lepidopterous insects collected by Mr.Ossian Limborg in upper Tenasserim, with descriptions of new species.
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878(4):821-859, 3 pls.

Moore, F.,1879 : Descriptions of new Asiatic diurnal Lepidoptera.
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1879(1):136-144.

Moore, F.,1880-1881 : Lepidoptera of Ceylon. vol.1.
London, L.Reeve and Co. 1:[viii]+190ppm 71 pls.

Rothschild, L.W.,1895 : A revision of the Papilios of the Eastern Hemisphere, exclusive of Africa.
Novit. zool. 2(3):167-463, pl.4.

Grote, A.R.,1899 : Specializations of the lepidopterous wing: the Parnassi-Papilionidae II.
Proc. Amer. phil. Soc. 38:25-48, pls.3-5.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1901 : Nachrichten aus dem Berliner Entomologischen Verein. Sitzung vom 14. November 1901.
Ins. Borse 18:413.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1903 : Verzeichnis der in Tonkin, Annam und Siam gesammelten Papilioniden und Besprechung verwandter Formen.
Berl. ent. Z. 47(3/4):167-234.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1907 : Eine neue Papilio-Rasse aus Sud-Indien.
Ent. Zeit. 20(37):269.

Jordan, K.,1909 : Die Indo-Australische Tagfalter. Papilionidae in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde
9:41-48.

Dubois, E. & Vitalis, de S.R.,1914 : Contribution a la "Faune Entomologique de l'Indochine Francaise".
Annls. Soc. ent. Belg. 58:146-151.

Evans, W.H.,1923 : The Identification of Indian Butterflies.
J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 29(1):230-260, 9 pls.

Durfane, A.,1933 : Quelques Rhopaloceres
Lambillionea. 33:164-166.


Chilasa clytia clytia ♂ Chilasa clytia clytia ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Chilasa clytia clytia ♂ Chilasa clytia clytia ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. 2♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Chilasa clytia clytia ♂ Chilasa clytia clytia ♀
♂, Yala, Thailand. (photo by S.Atdhabhan) ♀, Yala, Thailand. (photo by S.Atdhabhan)
Chilasa clytia clytia ♂ Chilasa clytia clytia ♂
2♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

1996.09.26 - 2021.12.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.