Hypolimnas bolina jacintha  (Drury, [1773])

Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ♂ Up. Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ♂ Un. Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ♀ Up. Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ♀ Un.
♂, Chonburi, Thailand. ♀, Nan, Thailand.
Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ♂ Up. Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ♂ Un. Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ♀ Up. Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ♀ Un.
♂, Nan, Thailand. ♀, Yala, Thailand.
Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ♀ Up. Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ♀ Un. Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ♀ Up. Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ♀ Un.
♀, Chanthaburi, Thailand. ♀, Satun, Thailand.

ON : Papilio jacintha Drury, [1773]
OD : Illust. Nat. Hist. Exot. Insects 2: index, 36-37, pl.21, figs.1,♀,2,♀(Un).
TL : "Bombay"

Distribution : Madagascar, Socotra, Mauritius, India to Myanmar,
Andamans, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Langkawi, W.Malaysia,
Singapore, Tioman, Aur, China.
Hypolimnas bolina jacintha map

Synonyms

Papilio avia Fabricius, 1793 : Ent. Syst. 3(1):111. TL. Africa.
Papilio liria Fabricius, 1793 : Ent. Syst. 3(1):126. TL. India orientali.
Hypolimnas charybdis Butler, 1879 : Cistula Entomologica. 2:432. TL. Bombay, India.
Hypolimnas incommoda Butler, 1879 : Trans. linn. Soc. Lond.,(2)Zool. 1(8):543. TL. Malacca.
Hypolimnas curiosa Swinhoe, 1915 : Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (8)16:173-174. TL. Starn, India.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Hypolimnas bolina bolina ; Godfrey,1916 : 127.
Hypolimnas bolina bolina ; Godfrey,1930 : 275. (except P)
Hypolimnas bolina bolina ; Pinratana,1979 : 32, figs.N47,♂,♀,♀,♀. (Bangkok; Lampang; Nakhon Ratchasima; Ratchaburi; Saraburi; Chanthaburi; Loei; Nong Khai; Rayong; Tak)
Hypolimnas bolina bolina ; Pinratana & Eliot,1996 : 35, not.fig. (list only)
Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ; Pinratana & Eliot,1996 : 35, pl.17, figs.43b,♂,♂,♀,♀,♀. (Chiang Mai; Nong Khai; Loei; Chaiyaphum; Tak; Nakhon Nayok; Chonburi; Rayong; Chanthaburi; Ratchaburi)
Hypolimnas bolina bolina ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 50. (Mukdahan; Ubon Ratchathani)
Hypolimnas bolina bolina ; Ek-Amnuay,2006 : 374, pl.161, figs.N44a♂,♀(f.nerina). (Tak Fah)
Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ; Ek-Amnuay,2006 : 374, pl.161, figs.N44b♂,♂(Un),♂,♀,♀,♀(f.incommoda). (Chumphon)
Hypolimnus bolina jacintha ; Les Day,2011-2022 : Samui Butterflies, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀. (Koh Samui; Koh Phangan) (accessed: 2021.09.18)
Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 504, pl.225, figs.N392,♂,♀(f.nerina),♂,♂(Un),♂,♀,♀,♀(f.incommoda). (Tak Fah; Chumphon)
Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ; Okamoto et al.,2013 : 9. (Kanchanaburi: Mae Klong Station)
Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs., Early Stages. (Chiang Mai; Sa Kaeo; Nakhon Nayok; Chanthaburi; Trat; Ratchaburi; Nakhon Si Thammarat; Yala) (accessed: 2023.09.22)
Hypolimnas bolina bolina ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 62, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Suthep; Bang Salok; Phu Kradung; Phu Khiewo; Kao Yai; Wan Nam Khiewo; Kao Soi Dao; Chanthaburi; Kao Khiewo; Mae Sohd; Ratchaburi; Muang Shone; Than To WF.)
Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ; Chaianunporn & Chaianunporn,2019 : 86. (Chaiyaphum: Chulabhorn Dam)
Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ; Küppers & Janikorn,2020 : 97-98, figs.Abb.N-587-592. (Phang Nga)

[ LAOS ]
Hypolimnas bolina (ssp.jacintha?) ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 55, pl.47, figs.5,♀,6,♀(Un). (Luang Prabang; Tha Ngone; Vientiane; Nam Ngum Dam)
Hypolimnas bolina bolina ; Osada, Uemura & Uehara,1999 : 205, pl.52, figs.43b♂,♀,♀. (Vientiane; Xam Neua)
Hypolimnas bolina bolina ; Nimura & Wakahara,2005 : 41. (Thabeng)
Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 44.
Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ; Onodera,2022 : 30, pl.101, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Bolikhamxai: Keng Sa Doc; Vientiane: Hinkhanna)

[ CAMBODIA ]
Hypolimnas bolina ; Monastyrskii et al.,2011 : 129. (Phnom Samkos W.S.)
Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ; Chartier & Kosterin,2022 : 119. (Banteay Meanchey; Kampong Chhnang; Kandal; Kep; Koh Kong; Kampot; Mondulkiri; Phnom Penh; Preah Sihanouk; Pursat; Ratanakiri; Siem Reap)

[ VIETNAM ]
Hypolimnas bolina ; Joannis,1901 : 323. (Tonkin: Cao Bang)
Hypolimnas bolina ; Lemée,1950 : 13. (Hagiang; Hanoi)
Hypolimnas bolina bolina ; Metaye,1957 : 95. (N / C / S)
Hypolimnas bolina bolina f.♀.avia ; Metaye,1957 : 95. (N / C / S)
Hypolimnas bolina egna ; Metaye,1957 : 95. (N / C / S)
Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ; Ikeda, Nishimura & Inagaki,2000 : 30, figs.2:17,♂,19,♂(Un), fig.9:12(♂,genitalia). (Cuc Phuong)
Hypolimnas bolina ; Vu,2003 : 57. (Phu Quoc)
Hypolimnas bolina ; Luong et al.,2004 : 6, 60, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Hypolimnas bolina ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 41. (Thua Thien Hue: Nam Dong; A Luoi; Huong Thuy; Phong Dien; Bach Ma)
Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006b : 20, figs.N-31,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri; Dong Nai: Thac Mai; Bin Thuan: Dong Tien; Ho Chi Minh)
Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ; Nihira,2009 : 99. (Phu Quoc)
Hypolimnas bolina bolina ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 33. (N / C / S)
Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ; Saito et al.,2017 : 81. (S: Nui Cam; Nui Coto; Nui Ket)
Hypolimnas bolina bolina ; Monastyrskii,2019 : 4(1):128-130, pl.29, figs.3a♂,3b♂(Un),3c♀,3d♀,3e♀,3f♀,3g♀,3h♀,3i♀. (throughout Vietnam)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 3♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 10♂ 4♀ (incl. photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 3♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Uttaradit : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Loei : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Kanchanaburi : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchabun : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chaiyaphum : 2♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chonburi : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 1♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Trat : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Si Thammarat : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Pattani : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Satun : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Oudomxai : 1♂ (photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Vientiane : 1♀ (photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is very common in montane forests and edge of the secondary forest at low to high elevations (Alt. 10 - 1600m). Males are frequently territorial on shrubs. Both sexes visit flowers.
The type locality of Hypolimnas bolina is still unclear. Linnaeus,1758 gave it as "Indiis". Corbet,1941 considered it came from Java. However, Honey & Scoble,2001 suggested it is uncertain. I follow Corbet, 1941, with reference to figure in Clerc's Icones Insectorum rariorum II. Therefore, I treat type locality of bolina as "Java" provisionally until it is confirmed.


Literature

Linnaeus, C.,1758 : Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis.
Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. (Edition 10). 1(Animalia):[iv]+824pp.

Clerck, C.A.,1764 : Icones Insectorum rariorum II
Cum nominibus eorum trivialibus, locisque e C. Linnaei ... Syst: Nat: allegatis.

Drury, D.,[1773] : Illustrations of natural history; wherein are exhibited ... Illust. Nat. Hist. Exot. Insects.
2: vii + 90pp, 50pls. London.

Fabricius, J.C.,1793 : Entomologia systematica emedata et aucta. secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, adjectis synonymis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus.
3(1): [iv] + 488 pp. Copenhagen. C.G.Proft.

Butler, A.G.,1879 : Descriptions of new Butterflies of the Indian Region.
Cistula Entomologica. 2:431-432, pl.8, fig.1.

Butler, A.G.,[1879] : The Butterflies of Malacca.
Trans. linn. Soc. Lond., (2)Zool. 1(8):533-568, pl.68,69. Swinhoe, C.,1915 : New species of Indo-Malayan lepidoptera.
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (8)16:170-186.

Corbet, A.S.,1941 : The Linnaean names of Indo-Australian Rhopalocera part 1
Proc. R. ent. Soc. Lond. (B)10(1):8-16.

Honey, M.R. & Scoble, M.J.,2001 : Linnaeus's butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea)
Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 132:277-399.


Hypolimnas bolina bolina ♂ Hypolimnas bolina bolina ♀
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Hypolimnas bolina bolina ♀
♀, Chaiyaphum, Thailand.

2008.02.29 - 2023.09.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.