Deramas livens livens  Distant, 1886

Deramas livens livens ♂ Up. Deramas livens livens ♂ Un. Deramas livens livens ♀ Up. Deramas livens livens ♀ Un.
♂, Yala, Thailand. (photo by S.Atdhabhan) ♀, Ranong, Thailand.
Deramas livens livens ♂ Up. Deramas livens livens ♂ Un. Deramas livens livens ♂ genitalia Deramas livens livens ♂ genitalia
♂, Ranong, Thailand. (photo by K.Saito) ♂ genitalia, Yala, Thailand.

ON : Deramas livens Distant, 1886
OD : Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5)17(99):252.
TL : Singapore.
Distribution : P.Thailand (Ranong and Southward), Langkawi,
W.Malaysia, {Singapore}, Sumatra, Banka, Borneo.
● ssp.livens
ssp.
Deramas livens livens map

Synonym

Zarona pharygoides Nicéville, 1890 : J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 5(3):208-210, pl.E, fig.3,♂. TL. Johore, Malay Peninsula.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
'Deramas livens livens ; Pinratana,1981 : 24. 157, not fig. (Yala)'
'Deramas livens evansi ; Pinratana,1981 : 24, 157, pl.30, fig.16,♂. (Ranong)'
Deramas livens evansi ; Kimura,1998b : 43-44,49-50, figs."35,♂,36,♂(Un)",37,♀,38,♀(Un). (Kampuan) (in part)
'Deramas livens evansi ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 534, pl.241, figs.L18,♂(left,Malaysia),♂(no data),♂(no data,Un),♀(no data),♀(no data,Un).'
'Deramas jasoda jasoda ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : pl.241, figs.L20,♂(botton-center,Malaysia),♂(bottom-right,Un,Malaysia). (in part)'
'Deramas livens evansi ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 548, pl.247, figs.L42,♂(left,Malaysia),♂([no data),♂([no data,Un),♀(no data),♀(no data,Un).'
Deramas livens evansi ; Kimura et al.,2014 : 33, figs.♀,♀(Un). (Kam Puan) (in part)
Deramas livens evansi ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2020- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Surat Thani; Yala) (accessed: 2021.07.01)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Ranong : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Surat Thani (Koh Phangan) : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 1♂ (photo by S.Atdhabhan).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is uncommon in montane primary forest at low elevations (alt.30m - 100m) and is occasionally found along forest paths.
This species and Deramas nelvis are indistinguishable by their markings, and the examination of genitalia is needed. Therefore, I do not adopt previous records that did not examine male genitalia.
The taxon in P.Thailand has long been regarded as ssp.evansi, however it is considered to be the nominotypical subspecies based on the characteristics of markings on the UpF. A female specimen from Ranong shown above seems slightly approaching ssp.evansi.
The figured specimens, figs.33-34 in Kimura,1998b and a male in Kimura et al.,2014 shown as Deramas livens evansi from Yala are considered to be Deramas alixae based on the ground color and markings on the underside. The male specimen in figs.31-32 in Kimura,1998b seems a variation of Deramas alixae or possibly Deramas nelvis, and figs.35-36 could be Delias nelvis, however the identification of these specimens are very difficult and requires examination of genitalia. Further taxonomic study and distributional research are needed.


Literature

Distant, W.L.,1886 : Contributions to a Knowledge of Malayan Entomology. 4
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5)17(99):251-254.

Nicéville, L.de,1890 : On new and little-known Butterflies from the Indian Region, with Descriptions of three new Genera of Hesperidae
J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 5(3):199-225, pls.D-E.

Eliot, J.N.,1964 : An Analysis of the Genus Deramas Distant (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae: Poritiinae)
Entomologist 97(1218):241-247, 6 figs.

Kimura, Y.,1998 : Poritiinae in Thailand (II).
Butterflies 21:41-50. (3 col.pls.)


Deramas livens evansi ♂ Deramas livens evansi ♀
♂, Yala, Thailand. (photo by S.Atdhabhan) ♀, Surat Thani, Thailand. (photo by A.Giudici)

1999.05.12 - 2022.09.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.