Lebadea martha malayana  Fruhstorfer, [1902]

Lebadea martha malayana ♂ Up. Lebadea martha malayana ♂ Un. Lebadea martha malayana ♀ Up. Lebadea martha malayana ♀ Un.
♂, Nakhon Sri Thammarat, Thailand. ♀, Yala, Thailand.
Lebadea martha malayana ♂ Up. Lebadea martha malayana ♂ Un. Lebadea martha malayana ♀ Up. Lebadea martha malayana ♀ Un.
♂, Ranong, Thailand. ♀, Ranong, Thailand.
Lebadea martha malayana ♂ Up. Lebadea martha malayana ♂ Un. Lebadea martha malayana ♀ Up. Lebadea martha malayana ♀ Un.
♂, Narathiwat, Thailand. ♀, Yala, Thailand.
Lebadea martha malayana ♂ Up. Lebadea martha malayana ♂ Un. Lebadea martha malayana ♂ Up. Lebadea martha malayana ♂ Un.
♂, Ranong, Thailand. ♂, Ranong, Thailand.

ON : Lebadea martha malayana Fruhstorfer, [1902]
OD : Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 14(2):338.
TL : Perak, Malay Pen.
Distribution : P.Thaialnd (Ranong and Southward), W.Malaysia.
● ssp.martha
ssp.malayana
ssp.rufulus
Lebadea martha malayana map

Synonym

Lebadea martha koenigi Corbet, 1941 : Entomologist 74(6):134. TL. Padang Terap, Kedah, Malay Peninsula.


Type Material Information

koenigi ; ♂, ♀, 3.Aug.1930. Padang Terap, Kedah, Malay Peninsula. (NHML)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Lebadea alankara malayana ; Pendlebury,1923 : 40. (Nakhon Sri Thammarat: Khao Luang)
Lebadea alankara malayana ; Godfrey,1930 : 287-288. (Nakhon Sri Thammarat: Khao Luang)
Lebadea alankara malayana ; Godfrey,1932a : 269. (Surat Thani: Khao Poata)
Lebadea martha koenigi ; Pinratana,1979 : 64, figs.N113b♂,♀,♀(Un). (Trang; Yala)
Lebadea martha malayana ; Pinratana & Eliot,1996 : 67, pl.42, fig.120b♂. (Ranong; Yala)
Lebadea martha malayana ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 416, pl.182, figs.N125b♂,♂(Un). (Ranong)
Lebadea martha malayana ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 426, pl.186, figs.N291b♂,♂(Un). (Ranong)
Lebadea martha malayana ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 95-96, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Khlong Naka; Nam Tok Tonesai; Ka Chong; Satun; Than To WF.)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Ranong : 6♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Sri Thammarat : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Pattani : 1♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 1♂ 4♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Narathiwat : 2♂ 3♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is common in montane and secondary forest at low to moderate elevations (Alt.20m - 700m). Males are territorial on shrubs.
Corbet,1941 mentioned the type locality of martha is considered to be Salang [Phuket], P.Thailand. Judging from the photo of the type specimen in Corbet & Pendlebury,1956, I agree with Corbet. However, if this is the case, a taxonomic issue arises. The population in peninsular Thailand south of Ranong, including Phuket, is considered to be the same population as Malaysia. Thus, ssp.malayana would be a synonym of ssp.martha, and ssp.attenuata is likely to be a continental subspecies. However, I do not have enough specimens from Phuket for comparison, I tentatively follow the traditional classification. Comparison with a large number of specimens is needed in future.


Literature

Fruhstorfer, H.,[1902] : Neue Indo-Australische Lepidopteren.
Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 14(2):334-350.

Corbet, A.S.,1941 : Further revisional Notes on Malayan Rhopalocera.
Entomologist 74(6):133-135.

Cobert, A.S. & Pendlebury, H.M.,1956
The Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula: Second Edition Revised.
537 pp, 55 (partly col.)pls. London.

Cobert, A.S. & Pendlebury, H.M.,1978 (Revised by Eliot, J.N.)
The Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula, 3rd Edition.
577 pp, 438 figs, 35 pl. (29 in col.) Malayan Nature Society.


Lebadea martha malayana ♂ Lebadea martha malayana ♀
♂, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand. ♀, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand.

2007.03.10 - 2022.12.26.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.