Athyma sinope sinope  (Moore, [1858])

Athyma sinope sinope ♂ Up. Athyma sinope sinope ♂ Un. Athyma sinope sinope ♀ Up. Athyma sinope sinope ♀ Un.
♂, Satun, Thailand. ♀, Satun, Thailand.
Athyma sinope sinope ♀ Up. Athyma sinope sinope ♀ Un.
♀, Narathiwat, Thailand.

ON : Pandita sinope Moore, [1858]
OD : in Horsfield & Moore,
Cat. Lep. Mus. East India Co. (1):182, pl.6a, fig.3,♂.
TL : Java. (NHML)
Distribution : P.Thailand (Satun and Southward),
W.Malaysia, Singapore, Borneo, Sumatra, Banyak,
Singkep, Lingga, Bangka, Belitung, Nias, Java.
● ssp.aesta
Athyma sinope sinope Map

Records taken from Literature

Pandita sinope sinope ; Pinratana,1979 : 63, figs.N112,♂,♂(Un). (Narathiwat)
Pandita sinope sinope ; Pinratana & Eliot,1996 : 62, pl.40, figs.112,♂,♂(Un). (Narathiwat) (in part)
Athyma sinope sinope ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2024- : Butterflies of Thailand, fig. (Narathiwat) (accessed: 2024.03.03)

Specimens Examined

Satun : 2♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Naratiwat : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


This species was recently changed to genus Athyma based on DNA analysis. It is also confirmede by the morphology of the early stages.
The butterfly is locally not rare in montane forests at low elevations (Alt. 50 - 200m).


Horsfield, T. & Moore, F.,[1858] :
A catalogue of the Lepidopterous Insects in the Museum of the Honourable East-India Company. Vol.1.
London. East India Co.

Tan, H.,2009 : Life History of the Colonel (Pandita sinope sinope)
Butterflies of Singapore

Wu, L.W., Chiba, H., Lees, D.C., Ohsima, Y. & Jeng, M.L.,2019 : Unravelling relationships among the shared stripes of sailors:
Mitogenomic phylogeny of Limenitidini butterflies (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae,Limenitidinae), focusing on the genera Athyma and Limenitis
Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 130(2019):60-66.

Athyma sinope sinope ♀
♀, Satun, Thailand. (photo by A.Giudici)

2007.01.20 - 2024.03.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.